Presentation on theme: "THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE UNITED STATES Comparing and Contrasting Contemporary Ideologies."— Presentation transcript:
THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE UNITED STATES Comparing and Contrasting Contemporary Ideologies
WHAT IS THE MIDDLE EAST? Definition Also called Mideast. (loosely) the area from Libya E to Afghanistan, usually including Egypt, Sudan, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and the other countries of the Arabian peninsula.Mideast Human Characteristics Ethnicity: Mainly Arab, with Turks (Turkey), Persians (Iran), and Jewish (Israel) Minorities. Religion: Largly Islamic, Christian Minorities, Israel is mainly Jewish Physical Characteristics Largly Desert both in the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa Resources: Many Arab countries have large deposits of oil. Water is scarce.
WHAT IS AN IDEOLOGY Definition: A person’s ideas about economics, politics, religion, and education. Examples: Political Parties, Companies, Religions, Schools, Families, Communities.
Middle East vs. United States Ideologies Middle East Largely Muslim Largely Arab Dictatorship Theocracy (ISIS and Iran) Women have less rights Communal United States Largely Christian Largely European descent Democracy / Republic Separation of Church and Government Individualism
Religion: Belief or worship of a higher power Both Christianity and Islam Believe in one God. Middle East Religions: -Islam / Muslim Faith - Sunni and Shiite are the two major sects -small minority of Jewish and Christian Religions U.S. Religion: Majority Christian: Two major sects: Protestant and Catholic. minority of Atheists, Muslims, Jews and other religions.
Beliefs: An important opinion or conviction Christian Beliefs: Only one God Trinity Jesus was God Give to the poor Muslim/Islamic Beliefs: Only one God 5 Pillars of Islam Give to the poor Muhammad is the final prophet
Customs: Traditions followed by the majority of people within a cultural group. U.S. Customs: American Women tend to shave legs and Armpits Deoderant Bath once a day Eat with the hand you write with Middle Eastern Customs: Some Middle Eastern Women are expected to cover up in public. Greasy tents show hospitality Eat with your right hand...the left is for other things.
Values: Ideas about what worthy behaviors should be. U.S. Values Individualism, equality, materialism, science and technology, progress, work ethic, mobility, volunteerism Middle Eastern Values: Honor, good impression, loyalty to family, fate, conformity, tradition, social class/background
Prejudice: A belief held about a person or group of people without any actual experience. Prejudice against U.S? Materialistic Overconsumption: Greedy Racist, Gun-loving, violent, arrogant, environmentally unconscious Prejudice against Middle East: Billionaires, Bombers,and Belly Dancers, primitive, Beards, Anti- woman
Politics: The Activities of Governments Democracy A government where people have the power to vote. Dictatorship A government where a single person has the power. Theocracy A government where the leader of the church has power and religious laws are also political law.
Political Arrangements Democracy DictatorshipTheocracy