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Middle East cultures.

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Presentation on theme: "Middle East cultures."— Presentation transcript:

1 Middle East cultures

2 Words to Know Arab Berber Bedouin Jewish Kurd Persian Turk

3 Graphic Organizer (one of these will be used for each culture)
Religion Life Style Culture Location Language

4 Ethnic group vs.Religious Group
Ethnic groups share many common characteristics such as: language, physical features, customs, and traditions Religious groups share a common belief system but are not necessarily composted of a single ethnic group.

5 Arab Arabic culture was first spread in the Middle East beginning in the 2nd century as ethnically Arab Christians began migrating into the Northern Arabian desert and the Levant. The Arabic language spread with the rise of Islam in the 7th century AD as the language of the Qur'an.

6 Arab Genealogical: someone who can trace his or her ancestry to the tribes of Arabia - the original inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula - and the Syrian Desert. Language is Arabic, including any of its varieties. Location-throughout the world however mostly in North Africa and the Middle East.

7 Graphic Organizer Islam Arab Arabic Middle East and North Africa
(Mostly Sunni) Modern(Varies between affluent to poverty Arab Middle East and North Africa Arabic

8 Jewish Judaism shares some of the characteristics of a nation, an ethnicity, a religion, and a culture, making the definition of who is a Jew vary slightly depending on whether a religious or national approach to identity is used. Israel is home for much of the Jewish population in Southwest Asia. Many of the people who live in Israel today where born there. However, the ancestors of these people moved to Israel from many other countries. Much of the migration happened during the 20th century, after the formation of Israel in the late 1940’s. The Law of Return in Israel says that a Jew from any other country can automatically have citizenship in Israel. Language: Hebrew although English is spoken throughout Israel.

9 Graphic Organizer Judaism Jewish Hebrew
Modern (House, car, TV, and so on) Jewish Predominately Israel although found throughout the world Hebrew

10 Berber The Berbers were the original people of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. Between fourteen and twenty-five million Berber speakers live within this region, most densely in Morocco. Most Berbers live a traditional way of life and have their own language. The Berbers that live in the mountains are farmers while those living in the desert are nomads. Most practice Islam although other religions are allowed.

11 Graphic Organizer Farmers, Nomads Islam Berber North Africa Berber
(Mostly Sunni) Farmers, Nomads Berber North Africa Berber

12 Question Which culture is for the most part limited to one country in the Middle East?

13 Bedouin Bedouin, are a desert-dwelling Arab nomads, found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and Negev to the Arabian Desert. Non-Arab groups as well, notably the Beja of the African coast of the Red Sea are sometimes called Bedouin.

14 Starting in the 1950's as well as the 1960s, many Bedouins started to leave the traditional, nomadic life to settle in the cities of the Middle East. In Syria, for example, the Bedouin way of life effectively ended during a severe drought from 1958 to 1961, which forced many Bedouin to give up herding for standard jobs. Similarly, government policies in Egypt and Israel, oil production in Libya and the Persian Gulf, and a desire for improved standards of living have had the effect that most Bedouin are now settled citizens of various nations, rather than nomadic herders. Language: Arabic Religion: Islam

15 Graphic Organizer Islam Nomads Bedouin Arabian Peninsula Arabic
(Mostly Sunni) Nomads Bedouin Arabian Peninsula Arabic

16 Kurd

17 Kurd The Kurds are a group indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area that includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. They speak Kurdish, an Indo-European language of the Iranian branch. They originated as a semi-nomadic, tribal people. Most now live in the mountains and have been suppressed by Iraq and Turkey. Many Kurds now fight to create their own country.

18 Varies (Modern to Poor)
Graphic Organizer Most are Muslim Varies (Modern to Poor) Kurd Turkey, Iraq, Iran Kurdish

19 Persian The Persians are an ethnic group in Iran. Persians make up about half of Iran’s current population. They have their own language called Persian or Farsi. Most Persians practice Shi’a (Shiite) Islam however Sunni and other religions are present. Persian art, architecture, and rugs are world renown for their beauty.

20 Graphic Organizer Shi'a Muslim Modern Persian Iran Persian

21 Turk The Turkish people also known as "Turks” are a nation defined mainly as being speakers of Turkish as a first language.

22 Turk Most Turks practice Islam, are well known for their architecture, and continue to fight for control in SE Turkey against the Kurds.

23 Graphic Organizer Islam (Sunni) Modern Turk Turkey Turkish

24 Summary Class Discussion 1. Today I learned…
2. Which culture did you struggle with?

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