2Words to KnowArabBerberBedouinJewishKurdPersianTurk
3Graphic Organizer (one of these will be used for each culture) ReligionLife StyleCultureLocationLanguage
4Ethnic group vs.Religious Group Ethnic groups share many common characteristics such as: language, physical features, customs, and traditionsReligious groups share a common belief system but are not necessarily composted of a single ethnic group.
5ArabArabic culture was first spread in the Middle East beginning in the 2nd century as ethnically Arab Christians began migrating into the Northern Arabian desert and the Levant. The Arabic language spread with the rise of Islam in the 7th century AD as the language of the Qur'an.
6ArabGenealogical: someone who can trace his or her ancestry to the tribes of Arabia - the original inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula - and the Syrian Desert.Language is Arabic, including any of its varieties.Location-throughout the world however mostly in North Africa and the Middle East.
7Graphic Organizer Islam Arab Arabic Middle East and North Africa (Mostly Sunni)Modern(Varies between affluent to povertyArabMiddle East and North AfricaArabic
8JewishJudaism shares some of the characteristics of a nation, an ethnicity, a religion, and a culture, making the definition of who is a Jew vary slightly depending on whether a religious or national approach to identity is used.Israel is home for much of the Jewish population in Southwest Asia. Many of the people who live in Israel today where born there. However, the ancestors of these people moved to Israel from many other countries. Much of the migration happened during the 20th century, after the formation of Israel in the late 1940’s. The Law of Return in Israel says that a Jew from any other country can automatically have citizenship in Israel.Language: Hebrew although English is spoken throughout Israel.
9Graphic Organizer Judaism Jewish Hebrew Modern (House, car, TV, and so on)JewishPredominately Israel although found throughout the worldHebrew
10BerberThe Berbers were the original people of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. Between fourteen and twenty-five million Berber speakers live within this region, most densely in Morocco.Most Berbers live a traditional way of life and have their own language. The Berbers that live in the mountains are farmers while those living in the desert are nomads. Most practice Islam although other religions are allowed.
11Graphic Organizer Farmers, Nomads Islam Berber North Africa Berber (Mostly Sunni)Farmers, NomadsBerberNorth AfricaBerber
12QuestionWhich culture is for the most part limited to one country in the Middle East?
13BedouinBedouin, are a desert-dwelling Arab nomads, found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and Negev to the Arabian Desert. Non-Arab groups as well, notably the Beja of the African coast of the Red Sea are sometimes called Bedouin.
14Starting in the 1950's as well as the 1960s, many Bedouins started to leave the traditional, nomadic life to settle in the cities of the Middle East. In Syria, for example, the Bedouin way of life effectively ended during a severe drought from 1958 to 1961, which forced many Bedouin to give up herding for standard jobs. Similarly, government policies in Egypt and Israel, oil production in Libya and the Persian Gulf, and a desire for improved standards of living have had the effect that most Bedouin are now settled citizens of various nations, rather than nomadic herders.Language: ArabicReligion: Islam
15Graphic Organizer Islam Nomads Bedouin Arabian Peninsula Arabic (Mostly Sunni)NomadsBedouinArabian PeninsulaArabic
17KurdThe Kurds are a group indigenous to a region often referred to as Kurdistan, an area that includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. They speak Kurdish, an Indo-European language of the Iranian branch. They originated as a semi-nomadic, tribal people. Most now live in the mountains and have been suppressed by Iraq and Turkey. Many Kurds now fight to create their own country.
18Varies (Modern to Poor) Graphic OrganizerMost are MuslimVaries (Modern to Poor)KurdTurkey, Iraq, IranKurdish
19PersianThe Persians are an ethnic group in Iran. Persians make up about half of Iran’s current population. They have their own language called Persian or Farsi. Most Persians practice Shi’a (Shiite) Islam however Sunni and other religions are present. Persian art, architecture, and rugs are world renown for their beauty.