2 Goals of Foreign Policy National SecurityFree and Open International TradePromoting DemocracyWorld PeaceConcern For Human Rights
3 National SecurityProtecting our nation and its borders from foreign invadersIt includes policies about:Arms controlTerrorismWeapons of mass destructionNational Security is the most important goal of the U.S.
4 Under the United Nations (UN) Charter, after an international act of aggression has been verified, the U.N. Security Council is responsible for recommending how the United Nations should respond to that act of aggression. Part A What is one non-military measure the U.N. Security Council might suggest? Part B What is one military measure the U.N. Security Council could recommend?
5 Countries with significant power in global politics can affect the public perception and the economy of other countries. Part A How does the use of sanctions exert political influence on a country with a poor human rights record? Part B How does the use of an embargo apply pressure to a country with a poor human rights record?
6 Free and Open International Trade We need to maintain free trade with other countries in order to:Employ AmericansObtain natural resourcesMaintain a peaceful relationship with other countries
7 Part A Why was the World Trade Organization (WTO) established Part A Why was the World Trade Organization (WTO) established? Part B Describe how the WTO has helped foster greater global interdependence.
8 Promoting DemocracyWe have encouraged and helped other nations form democratic political systems because:We believe the democracy is the freest and best political system in the worldHaving other countries that are democratic will reduce the chances of armed conflict
9 World PeaceIf other nations are at peace, then the U.S. has less of a chance of being drawn into a conflictOur own national security depends on our ability to maintain peaceful relations with other nations
10 Concern For Human Rights We encourage basic human rights for all citizens of the world and ensure that all people are treated with dignity and respectWe have done this by providing food, medical supplies, and disaster reliefThis foreign aid helps support developing nations, promotes our friendship, and provides political stability
11 Tools of Foreign Policy The methods that the U.S. uses to carry out its foreign policy goalsIt includes:Military ForceAlliancesDiplomacyForeign AidTrade MeasuresIntelligence
12 Military Used to defend against foreign aggressors Used to discourage aggression
14 Create Five Multiple Choice Questions, from Unit 3-foreign policy, with 4 possible answers-one being the only one that is correct. You may use a book, your notes, or worksheet.Refer to the structure of questions from the bell work questions-do not copy them.No all of the above or none of the above.This assignment is worth 50pts.You will be graded on the level of difficulty of the questions.
15 Alliances A group of nations that come together to promote: Peace Economic relationshipsNAFTASecurityNATO
16 DiplomacyCommunication and negotiation between nations that may help resolve disagreementsThis can often lead to treaties or alliances
17 Foreign Aid Economic Aid Giving loans or grants Help developing countries develop an infrastructure (roads, power, water)Help rebuild after a war or natural disasterHumanitarian AidGive food, shelter, and clothing after a disasterOffer help for political prisoners and refugeesProvide medicine and training for health care
18 Trade Measures Sanctions – A formal type of punishment created by your country’s governmentYou stop providing another country with aid, food, medicine, trade, etc.Embargos -A formal type of economic sanction created by your country’s governmentFormally prohibits the businesses from a country from trading with a particular nation
19 Trade Measures Boycotts – These are not started by the government Citizens of a nation informally decide to stop buying goods from another country
20 IntelligenceThe U.S. uses information gathered from satellites, news, ambassadors, spies, etc. to help protect our citizens and infrastructure
21 PropagandaOne-sided information used by the government with the purpose of persuading its citizens or the citizens of another nation