Presentation on theme: "COOPERATION. Cooperation and Interdependence among the world’s peoples and nations is not new…"— Presentation transcript:
Cooperation and Interdependence among the world’s peoples and nations is not new…
Transactions of many forms have taken place across borders throughout recorded history.
Some nations decide to offer assistance to other nations, working independently (unilateral action.)
U.S. Monetary Aid
Yet, cooperation among governments and people (multilateral action) can also achieve desired objectives and has been essential to world peace.
In recent years, however, the need for international cooperation has become more intense and the need to cooperate more urgent.
The impact of industrialization has called for cooperation to address environmental concerns such as pollution…
The continued struggles of oppressed peoples seeking human rights have threatened regional stabilities…
The world’s people use many ways of addressing conflict..
1.Avoidance – ignoring it. Avoidance can be useful as a temporary measure to buy time…In some cases, it can involve severing a relationship.
2. Accommodation – surrender one's own needs and wishes to accommodate the other party.
3. Competition or Aggression – assert one's viewpoint at the expense of another.
4. Cooperation – working together to find a mutually beneficial solution.
Many experts in international relations suggest that COOPERATION is the only “win-win” solution to conflict.
Solutions to common problems or conflicts are often addressed through the actions of international organizations…
Some of the most active international organizations are intergovernmental organizations- comprised of sovereign states (member nations) who voluntarily join together to solve particular problems.
Common goals are: to preserve peace through conflict resolution, improve standards of living by addressing issues such as environmental protection, human rights, social development (education, health care) humanitarian aid, or economic development.
Common types of intergovernmental organizations include: