Presentation on theme: "Mayan Civilization Location: Mexico and Central American rain forest Government: city-states ruled by a king Economy: Agriculture and trade Religion: Polytheistic."— Presentation transcript:
Mayan Civilization Location: Mexico and Central American rain forest Government: city-states ruled by a king Economy: Agriculture and trade Religion: Polytheistic and built pyramids Declined for unknown reasons
Cities/Government Each city was ruled by a chief (king). Cities traded with each other, but they also went to war with one another.
Mayan People Most people were farmers, but the soil was so good, they really only had to farm 50 days out of the year. The main crop was maize corn) They spend the rest of the year with community projects (building things to honor the chief)
Scientific Advancements The Mayans had a form of written language (hieroglyphs) that allowed them the keep records and write stories.
Mayan’s and Math The Mayans developed a number system and math skills early. It looks similar to tally marks.
Mayan Astronomy The Mayans also studied astronomy. They watched the sun and the planets. This allowed them to develop an accurate calendar.
Religion The Mayans were polytheistic. Gods were based on nature (sun, rain, maize, etc.)
Mayan Gods Their were over 150 different gods, and religion played a huge role in Mayan life. Many Mayan customs, especially religious ones, required human sacrifice.
Recreation Mayans loved to sing, dance, and play sports.
The most popular game they played was called Pok-a- Tok. Teams of players would try to get a rubbery ball through a hoop, but you could not use your hands or feet (only body, legs, or arms).
Beauty The Mayan people preferred long, flat heads. So, when babies were born, and their skulls were still soft, they would make them wooden vices to shape their heads.
Beauty Having a large, prominent nose was also a sign of nobility. Most hairstyles entailed a ponytail
Aztec Civilization Location: In arid (dry) valley in Central Mexico Government: Ruled by an emperor Economy: Agriculture Religion: Polytheistic and built pyramids where the Gods were thirsty for human sacrifice
Aztec Civilization Sacrificed 20,000 to 50,000 people each year Aztecs were engaged in much warfare Sacrificed those they conquered
Incan Civilization Agriculture in high altitude in the mountains Used Terracing Prevented water from running off too quickly.
Farming Terracing allowed the Incans to use more land for cultivation. It also helped to resist erosion of the land by wind and rain. Staple crops were potatoes, corn, and quinoa.
Cities People either lived on the coast or in the highlands. They lived in simple houses made of either stone bricks or of mud. Commoners paid the taxes to support the civilization (not the nobility or the sick and elderly)
Family Men were responsible for working (usually on farms) and supporting the family. Women were responsible for taking care of the home and children. Commoners had to educate their children.
Religion The Incans worshipped many gods, shrines and objects, especially the sun. They believed in an afterworld. So, they were buried with things they thought might be useful
Human Sacrifice Human sacrifice was common in religious ceremonies. It was usually done by priests and was an act of communion with the gods. The Incans believed that the gods had sacrificed themselves in the creation of the sun and moon, so people had to do the same thing.
Medicine Incans believed disease was supernatural. They treated sickness with herbs, but also with urine, and bleeding the sick. Surgeons could bore holes in the head or amputate limbs when necessary.
Record Keeping The Incans did keep records, but it was with knotting strings. Based on length of strings, color, types of knots, and position of strings. They did not WRITE!
Incan Civilization Used QUIPU – system of knots on a cord to record important information Road System