Presentation on theme: "Civilizations of Latin America"— Presentation transcript:
1 Civilizations of Latin America Mayans Incas and Aztecs
2 Mayans Mexico- Yucatan Peninsula and Guatemala 300 BCE- 900 CE Slash and Burn Farming and raised fieldsCity-States that traded among each otherHad a small ruling class-Nobles, warriors, and the majority were farmersThe king ruled all MayansThere was a court system with local judgesWell organized army who conquered others and took them as slaves
3 Mayans Built temples, palaces, stone sculptures, and pyramids Writing system, astronomy, mathematics, calendar
4 MAYAN CALENDAR & CHICHEN ITZA The Mayan calendar began in 3114BC. It has 13 cycles of 400 years each. Therefore, their calendar will end in December Some believe this is the end of the world, but actually a new calendar cycle will begin.
7 Mayan Religion and Decline Religion plays a major role in society & ruleThey have been known to sacrifice blood for the godsThe king and queen had to do blood-letting to please the gods…if the blood was good then the gods will be happyThe civilization just vanished…some say it was because the last king’s blood was not good enough
8 Mayan Quiz How did the Mayans solve their agriculture problem? How did the Mayans set up their civilization within the different areas of the empire?What Mayan cultural item has had the biggest impact on our culture?
9 Aztecs Central Mexico 1200 CE-1519 CE Chinampas- channels used to water cropland from below “Floating Gardens”King- each city had its own King (Tenochtitlan-Moctezuma)A lot like Feudal EuropeCulture was simple and they were not powerful early onNo written records but told stories instead1376 had first emperor and used military force to take over others who had to pay them in food or other valuablesBy 1500s, Aztecs had large empire and a harsh military
10 MESOAMERICAN: AZTEC PYRAMID OF THE SUN & PYRAMID OF THE MOON
14 End of the AztecsEuropean conquerors called conquistadors began taking advantage of the early civilizationsThese conquistadors wanted the gold and wealth for their own countries (God, Gold, Glory)Some also wanted to just explore and discover new placesHernando Cortes takes over the Aztecs for SpainHe imprisons King Montezuma and kills him after 3 months of fighting
15 Aztecs Quiz How was the Aztec culture set up? Why would the Aztecs build a city like Tenochtitlan on a lake?Who came to Mexico to take over the Aztec Empire?
16 Incas100 CE CEAndes Mountains, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, EcuadorSoil fertilization and irrigation canals - Flat strips of land supported by walls that got water from rainUsed land on the side of the mountain as farms called “terraces”Empire Structure with one King (Atahualupa-last emperor)Religion- Sun GodCommunicated through runners
21 End of the IncasFrancisco Pizarro was a Spanish conquistador who wanted the riches of the IncasHe tricked and imprisoned Atahualpa (the Inca emperor)Pizarro made a deal to free Atahualpa if he was able to fill a huge room with gold…the Incas did it BUT…Pizarro disagreed saying that Atahualpa was going to attack, put the emperor on trial, and had him executed…Pizarro claimed Inca territory for Spain(Spoof 3:09)
22 INCAS QUIZ Answer these on lined paper and turn in How did the Incas farm the land?How did the Incas communicate across their huge empire?What eventually happened to the Incas?