16 Religion Members by Percentage Worldwide Christianity 2.1 billion 33.0%Islam 1.5 billion 22%Hinduism 900 million 14%Buddhism 376 million 6%Sikhism 23 million 0.36%Judaism 14 million 0.22%Bahaism 7 million 0.1%Confucianism 6.3 million 0.1%Jainism 4.2 million 0.1%Shintoism 4 million 0.1%NOTES: As of 2005
19 Shintoism Shinto is a religion that is unique to Japan. It has not spread to other parts of the world like Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam.
20 ShintoismShinto is based on the traditional Japanese teaching that everything in nature contains Kami or the spirit of a god. Shinto has no rules for moral living and no concepts of a single ruling God.
21 AGE of RELIGIONBelieved to be years oldDeveloped in Japan
24 Sacred Text:Rikkokushi (Six National Histories)
25 Shinto can be compared to traditional religions of Africa MONO or POLY?POLYTHEISTICShinto can be compared to traditional religions of AfricaAncestor worshipAnimal worshipNature worship
26 BELIEFS: KAMI: Kami are spirits worshipped by followers These spirits are found in everything—every squirrel, every rock, every living and non-living thing.
27 Shinto The basic ideas of Shinto include: Expected to be reverent (respect) to nature, life, birth, and fertility.Physical purity is more important than moral purity.
28 Many Shinto build shrines and worship their ancestors who they believe became kami when they die. Since Shinto offers no ideas of a moral code or one God, many people who practice Shinto also practice another religion such as Buddhism.
33 Torii GatesSymbolic gateway marking the entrance to a Shintō shrine.The boundary between the sacred space of the shrine and ordinary space.Usually two vertical posts topped by two beams and painted bright red.
35 Quick Check… Thumbs Up or Down? Shinto is commonly practiced all over the world like Islam.
36 Quick Check Thumbs Up or Down? Shinto believes in Kami spirits in nature.
37 Quick Check… Thumbs Up or Down? Torii are the spirits that are in trees.
38 Quick Check… Thumbs Up or Down? Shinto is like Hinduism and Buddhism in the belief of reincarnation.
39 Speak the truth, do not yield to anger; give, if thou art asked for little; by these three steps thou wilt go near the gods.--ConfuciusCONFUCIANISM
40 CHINA AGE of PHILOSOPHY Where did it begin? This philosophy was developed years ago2500 years old (500 years older than Christianity)Where did it begin?CHINA
41 Philosophy of Confucianism Not a religion, but a philosophyReligion: a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs.Philosophy: the rational investigation of the truths and principles of being, knowledge, or conduct.
42 Thought to be the foundation of modern Chinese culture Thought to be the foundation of modern Chinese culture. Like Buddhism and Islam, the ideas of Confucianism come from one man, Confucius, who believed he knew how to bring peace to ancient China.
43 Confucius created a moral structure for social life and politics that every person should follow. Like Shintoism, Confucianism is based on tradition and does not teach about one ruling god.
45 Countries where Confucianism is a major Philosophy: China and Vietnam
46 FOUNDERChinese philosopher named K'ung Fu-tzu or CONFUCIUS
47 MONO or POLY?NeitherConfucianism is not a religion; it is a philosophy about how to live your life
48 Be loyal and show courtesy to others at all times! BELIEFSGolden Rule: "Do not do unto others what you would not want others to do unto you".Be loyal and show courtesy to others at all times!
49 What is the key to social order and peace? BELIEFS:What is the key to social order and peace?Key to social order & peace = good character and virtue in people
50 The Basic Ideas of Confucianism Each person has a place in society and they must accept their positions so that society can function well.
51 SACRED TEXT: The Analects: the teachings of Confucius --“Forget injuries, never forget kindnesses.”--“When anger rises, think of the consequences.”--“Wherever you go, go with all your heart.”--“The superior man is modest in his speech, but exceeds in his actions.”
52 HOLY PLACES:There are many temples where the memory and teachings of Confucius are remembered and celebrated.
54 Quick Check… Thumbs Up or Down? Confucianism is a religion with a moral code or “Golden Rule.”
55 Quick Check… Thumbs Up or Down? Confucianism is older than Shinto, but younger than Christianity.
56 Quick Check… Thumbs Up or Down? Confucianism believes in the god Confucius to tell people what to do.
57 Quick Check… Thumbs Up or Down? Confucianism gave structure and guidance to the Chinese to help form government and social rules.
58 Now you tell me what you have learned. Draw a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast Shintoism and Confucianism.Make sure you have at least four similarities and four differences.Write a short essay comparing and contrasting these two religions.You should have an introduction, a conclusion, and a paragraph for comparisons and one for contrasts.