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New England Healthcare Engineers Society Recently Promulgated National Air Quality Regulations and How They Will Impact Hospitals Cathy Beahm Technical.

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Presentation on theme: "New England Healthcare Engineers Society Recently Promulgated National Air Quality Regulations and How They Will Impact Hospitals Cathy Beahm Technical."— Presentation transcript:

1 New England Healthcare Engineers Society Recently Promulgated National Air Quality Regulations and How They Will Impact Hospitals Cathy Beahm Technical Assistance Specialist NH DES, Air Resources

2 Presentation Overview Air Emission Basics Air Emission Basics Boiler Regulations Boiler Regulations Emergency Generator Regulations Emergency Generator Regulations Questions Questions

3 Air Emission Basics Criteria Pollutants Criteria Pollutants Products of combustion: Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Sulfur Dioxide (SO 2 ), Particulate Matter (PM) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) or Non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) Products of combustion: Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Sulfur Dioxide (SO 2 ), Particulate Matter (PM) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) or Non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC) The Clean Air Act (CAA) requires EPA to identify sources of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) and develop regulations to limit these emissions. The Clean Air Act (CAA) requires EPA to identify sources of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) and develop regulations to limit these emissions. Boilers, Incinerators and Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines Boilers, Incinerators and Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines Hazardous Air Pollutants Hazardous Air Pollutants List of 188 HAPs from the CAA can be found at List of 188 HAPs from the CAA can be found at

4 Air Emission Basics (continued) EPA has developed both Major and Area Source National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) promulgated under 40 CFR 63 EPA has developed both Major and Area Source National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) promulgated under 40 CFR 63 Major vs. Area Sources Major vs. Area Sources Major sources have the Potential to Emit (PTE) greater than 10 tpy individual HAP and 25 tpy combined HAPs Major sources have the Potential to Emit (PTE) greater than 10 tpy individual HAP and 25 tpy combined HAPs Area sources are facilities that are not major sources - who do not have PTE above these levels either due to permit limitations or design capacity. Area sources are facilities that are not major sources - who do not have PTE above these levels either due to permit limitations or design capacity. Majority of Sources in NH are Area Sources Majority of Sources in NH are Area Sources

5 Hospital Specifics Hospitals in NH are area sources of HAPs based on the boilers and emergency generators currently permitted. Hospitals in NH are area sources of HAPs based on the boilers and emergency generators currently permitted. To determine your facilitys classification, you must calculate your PTE of HAPs from all devices at your facility (boilers, emergency generators, ethylene oxide sterilizers, etc.) To determine your facilitys classification, you must calculate your PTE of HAPs from all devices at your facility (boilers, emergency generators, ethylene oxide sterilizers, etc.) Hospitals typically burn traditional fuels in their boilers (coal, biomass, oil or gas) as opposed to solid waste. Hospitals typically burn traditional fuels in their boilers (coal, biomass, oil or gas) as opposed to solid waste. Presentation today is not covering HIMWI (none in NH – few, if any, in New England). Presentation today is not covering HIMWI (none in NH – few, if any, in New England). Almost 97% of the hospitals in NH burn fuel oil alone or in combination with natural gas. Almost 97% of the hospitals in NH burn fuel oil alone or in combination with natural gas. One facility in NH operates 2 small (<10 MMBtu/hr) biomass boilers. One facility in NH operates 2 small (<10 MMBtu/hr) biomass boilers. Over 70% have at least one boiler >10 MMBtu/hr. Over 70% have at least one boiler >10 MMBtu/hr.

6 Boiler Regulations

7 Overview of recent EPA actions affecting boilers EPA issued three rules that reduce emissions of HAPs: NESHAP for Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters (40 CFR 63, Subpart DDDDD) (Boiler MACT) NESHAP for Area Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers (40 CFR 63, Subpart JJJJJJ) (Boiler Area Source Rule) Section 129 NSPS and Emission Guidelines for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incinerators (CISWI) EPA also issued a final rule that defines solid waste Necessary to determine whether a source must meet boiler standards or an incinerator standard

8 Overview of recent EPA actions affecting boilers (cont.) Schedule Schedule Proposals signed on April 29, 2010 Proposals signed on April 29, 2010 Published in the Federal Register on June 4, 2010 Published in the Federal Register on June 4, 2010 Promulgations signed on February 21, 2011 (Court-ordered) Promulgations signed on February 21, 2011 (Court-ordered) Published in the Federal Register on March 21, 2011 Published in the Federal Register on March 21, 2011 Effective Date: May 20, 2011 Effective Date: May 20, 2011 EPA has initiated reconsideration of certain aspects of the boiler and CISWI rules EPA has initiated reconsideration of certain aspects of the boiler and CISWI rules Some of the comments raise difficult technical issues that would benefit from additional public involvement. Some of the comments raise difficult technical issues that would benefit from additional public involvement. Stakeholders have petitioned for reconsideration of other issues. Stakeholders have petitioned for reconsideration of other issues. Stay Stay On May 18, 2011, EPA delayed the effective date of the Boiler MACT and CISWI On May 18, 2011, EPA delayed the effective date of the Boiler MACT and CISWI Boiler Area Source Rule and Solid Waste Definition are in effect even during the reconsideration process. Boiler Area Source Rule and Solid Waste Definition are in effect even during the reconsideration process. Facilities need to comply with rules as they were promulgated. Facilities need to comply with rules as they were promulgated.

9 Focus of Todays Presentation: Boiler Area Source Rule Area Sources burning Traditional Fuel (oil)

10 Boiler Area Source Rule Rule is broken down based on: Rule is broken down based on: Boiler size: Boiler size: Small (<10 MMBtu/hr) Small (<10 MMBtu/hr) Large (10 MMBtu/hr) Large (10 MMBtu/hr) Fuel type: Fuel type: Coal-fired units Coal-fired units Biomass-fired units Biomass-fired units Oil-fired units Oil-fired units Boiler Construction: Boiler Construction: Existing prior to June 4, 2010 Existing prior to June 4, 2010 New or reconstructed after June 4, 2010 New or reconstructed after June 4, 2010

11 Are any boilers not subject to this subpart? Any boiler covered by another part of 40 CFR 63 Any boiler covered by another part of 40 CFR 63 Any boiler covered by CISWI Any boiler covered by CISWI Hazardous waste boilers Hazardous waste boilers A boiler that is used specifically for research and development. A boiler that is used specifically for research and development. This exemption does not include boilers that solely or primarily provide steam (or heat) to a process or for heating at a research and development facility. This exemption does not include boilers that solely or primarily provide steam (or heat) to a process or for heating at a research and development facility. Any boiler that is used as a control device to comply with another Subpart of 40 CFR 63, provided that at least 50 percent of the heat input to the boiler is provided by the gas stream that is regulated under another subpart. Any boiler that is used as a control device to comply with another Subpart of 40 CFR 63, provided that at least 50 percent of the heat input to the boiler is provided by the gas stream that is regulated under another subpart.

12 Are any boilers not subject to this subpart? (continued) A hot water heater as defined in this subpart. A hot water heater as defined in this subpart. Hot water heater means a closed vessel with a capacity of no more than 120 U.S. gallons in which water is heated by combustion of gaseous or liquid fuel and is withdrawn for use external to the vessel at pressures not exceeding 160 psig, … and … water temperatures exceeding 210°F. Hot water heater means a closed vessel with a capacity of no more than 120 U.S. gallons in which water is heated by combustion of gaseous or liquid fuel and is withdrawn for use external to the vessel at pressures not exceeding 160 psig, … and … water temperatures exceeding 210°F. A gas-fired boiler as defined in this subpart. A gas-fired boiler as defined in this subpart. Gas-fired boiler includes any boiler that burns gaseous fuels not combined with any solid fuels, burns liquid fuel only during periods of gas curtailment, gas supply emergencies, or periodic testing on liquid fuel. Periodic testing of liquid fuel shall not exceed a combined total of 48 hours during any calendar year. Gas-fired boiler includes any boiler that burns gaseous fuels not combined with any solid fuels, burns liquid fuel only during periods of gas curtailment, gas supply emergencies, or periodic testing on liquid fuel. Periodic testing of liquid fuel shall not exceed a combined total of 48 hours during any calendar year.

13 Fuel Switching Rule Provisions A boiler is a new affected source if you commenced fuel switching from natural gas to solid fossil fuel, biomass, or liquid fuel after June 4, A boiler is a new affected source if you commenced fuel switching from natural gas to solid fossil fuel, biomass, or liquid fuel after June 4, If you intend to switch fuels, and this fuel switch may result in the applicability of a different subcategory or a switch out of Subpart JJJJJJ due to a switch to 100 percent natural gas, you must provide 30 days prior notice of the date upon which you will switch fuels. If you intend to switch fuels, and this fuel switch may result in the applicability of a different subcategory or a switch out of Subpart JJJJJJ due to a switch to 100 percent natural gas, you must provide 30 days prior notice of the date upon which you will switch fuels. If you own or operate an industrial, commercial, or institutional boiler and would be subject to this subpart except for the exemption for units covered by the CISWI rules, and you cease combusting solid waste, you must be in compliance with this subpart on the effective date of the waste to fuel switch. If you own or operate an industrial, commercial, or institutional boiler and would be subject to this subpart except for the exemption for units covered by the CISWI rules, and you cease combusting solid waste, you must be in compliance with this subpart on the effective date of the waste to fuel switch. If you intend to commence or recommence combustion of solid waste, you must provide 30 days prior notice of the date upon which you will commence or recommence combustion of solid waste. If you intend to commence or recommence combustion of solid waste, you must provide 30 days prior notice of the date upon which you will commence or recommence combustion of solid waste.

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15 Emission Limits for Area Source Boilers Oil and Biomass Only Subcategory Emission Limits PM (lb/MMBtu) 10 – 30 MMBtu/hr >30 MMBtu/hr New Biomass New Oil Existing Biomass -- Existing Oil --

16 Energy Assessment [40 CFR 63, Subpart JJJJJJ - Table 2] One-time energy assessment performed by a qualified energy assessor. One-time energy assessment performed by a qualified energy assessor. An energy assessment completed on or after January 1, 2008, that meets or is amended to meet the energy assessment requirements satisfies the energy assessment requirements. An energy assessment completed on or after January 1, 2008, that meets or is amended to meet the energy assessment requirements satisfies the energy assessment requirements. The energy assessment must include: The energy assessment must include: A visual inspection of the boiler system, A visual inspection of the boiler system, An evaluation of operating characteristics of the facility, specifications of energy using systems, operating and maintenance procedures, and unusual operating constraints, An evaluation of operating characteristics of the facility, specifications of energy using systems, operating and maintenance procedures, and unusual operating constraints, Inventory of major systems consuming energy from affected boiler(s), Inventory of major systems consuming energy from affected boiler(s), A review of available architectural and engineering plans, facility operation and maintenance procedures and logs, and fuel usage, A review of available architectural and engineering plans, facility operation and maintenance procedures and logs, and fuel usage, A list of major energy conservation measures, A list of major energy conservation measures, A list of the energy savings potential of the energy conservation measures identified, A list of the energy savings potential of the energy conservation measures identified, A comprehensive report detailing the ways to improve efficiency, the cost of specific improvements, benefits, and the time frame for recouping those investments. A comprehensive report detailing the ways to improve efficiency, the cost of specific improvements, benefits, and the time frame for recouping those investments.

17 Tune-up Requirement [ (b)] As applicable, inspect the burner, and clean or replace any components of the burner as necessary (you may delay the burner inspection until the next scheduled unit shutdown, but you must inspect each burner at least once every 36 months). As applicable, inspect the burner, and clean or replace any components of the burner as necessary (you may delay the burner inspection until the next scheduled unit shutdown, but you must inspect each burner at least once every 36 months). Inspect the flame pattern, as applicable, and adjust the burner as necessary to optimize the flame pattern. The adjustment should be consistent with the manufacturers specifications, if available. Inspect the flame pattern, as applicable, and adjust the burner as necessary to optimize the flame pattern. The adjustment should be consistent with the manufacturers specifications, if available. Inspect the system controlling the air-to-fuel ratio, as applicable, and ensure that it is correctly calibrated and functioning properly. Inspect the system controlling the air-to-fuel ratio, as applicable, and ensure that it is correctly calibrated and functioning properly. Optimize total emissions of carbon monoxide. This optimization should be consistent with the manufacturers specifications, if available. Optimize total emissions of carbon monoxide. This optimization should be consistent with the manufacturers specifications, if available.

18 Tune-up Requirement [ (b)] (continued) Measure the concentrations in the effluent stream of carbon monoxide in parts per million, by volume, and oxygen in volume percent, before and after the adjustments are made (measurements may be either on a dry or wet basis, as long as it is the same basis before and after the adjustments are made). Measure the concentrations in the effluent stream of carbon monoxide in parts per million, by volume, and oxygen in volume percent, before and after the adjustments are made (measurements may be either on a dry or wet basis, as long as it is the same basis before and after the adjustments are made). Maintain onsite and submit, if requested, biennial report containing the following information: Maintain onsite and submit, if requested, biennial report containing the following information: The concentration of CO in the effluent stream in ppm, by volume, and oxygen in volume percent, measured before and after the tune-up of the boiler. The concentration of CO in the effluent stream in ppm, by volume, and oxygen in volume percent, measured before and after the tune-up of the boiler. A description of any corrective actions taken as a part of the tune-up of the boiler. A description of any corrective actions taken as a part of the tune-up of the boiler. The type and amount of fuel used over the 12 months prior to the biennial tune-up of the boiler. The type and amount of fuel used over the 12 months prior to the biennial tune-up of the boiler. If the unit is not operating on the required date for a tune-up, the tune-up must be conducted within one week of startup. If the unit is not operating on the required date for a tune-up, the tune-up must be conducted within one week of startup.

19 Notifications and Reporting Timeline Existing Biomass and Oil-Fired Boilers <10 MMBtu/hr10 MMBtu/hr Initial Notification of Applicability Report By September 17, 2011 Initial Compliance Date First biennial tune-up by March 21, 2012 One Time Energy Assessment NABy March 21, 2014 Notification of Intent to Conduct a Performance Test NA Initial Compliance Testing NA Initial Notification of Compliance Status Report By July 19, 2012 By July 19, 2012 for initial tune-up; By July 19, 2014 for one-time energy assessment Continuing Compliance –Biennial Tune- up Subsequent tune-ups should be completed no later than 25 months after the previous tune-up Continuing Compliance –Triennial Testing NA Biennial Compliance Certification Report – Biennial Tune-up Prepare first report by March 1, 2015 with subsequent reports prepared biennially by March 1 st Annual Compliance Certification Report NA

20 Notifications and Reporting Timeline New Biomass and Oil-Fired Boilers Installed between 6/4/10 and 5/20/11 <10 MMBtu/hr10 MMBtu/hr Initial Notification of Applicability ReportBy September 17, 2011 Initial Compliance DateFirst biennial tune-up by May 20, 2011 One Time Energy AssessmentNA Notification of Intent to Conduct a Performance Test NA At least 60 days before performance stack test is scheduled to begin Initial Compliance TestingNA By May 20, 2011 Initial Notification of Compliance Status Report By September 17, 2011 Within 60 days of completing the performance test Continuing Compliance –Biennial Tune-up Subsequent tune-ups should be completed no later than 25 months after the previous tune-up Continuing Compliance –Triennial Testing NA No more than 37 months after the previous test Biennial Compliance Certification Report – Biennial Tune-up Prepare first report by March 1, 2012 with subsequent reports prepared biennially by March 1 st Annual Compliance Certification ReportNA Prepare first report by March 1, 2012 with subsequent reports prepared annually by March 1 st

21 Notifications and Reporting Timeline New Biomass and Oil-Fired Boilers Installed after 5/20/11 <10 MMBtu/hr10 MMBtu/hr Initial Notification of Applicability ReportWithin 120 days of startup of the boiler Initial Compliance DateFirst biennial tune-up upon startup One Time Energy AssessmentNA Notification of Intent to Conduct a Performance Test NA At least 60 days before performance stack test is scheduled to begin Initial Compliance TestingNA Within 180 calendar days of startup Initial Notification of Compliance Status Report Within 120 days of startup of the boiler Within 60 days of completing the performance test Continuing Compliance –Biennial Tune-up Subsequent tune-ups should be completed no later than 25 months after the previous tune-up Continuing Compliance –Triennial Testing NA No more than 37 months after the previous test Biennial Compliance Certification Report – Biennial Tune-up Prepare first report by March 1 st of the year immediately following startup of the boiler with subsequent reports prepared biennially by March 1 st Annual Compliance Certification ReportNA Prepare first report by March 1 st of the year immediately following startup of the boiler with subsequent reports prepared annually by March 1 st

22 Notification and Reporting Guidance Sample Initial Notifications, Notifications of Compliance Status, and Tune-up Guidance and Example Recordkeeping Forms for Area Sources can be found under Implementation Tools at: Sample Initial Notifications, Notifications of Compliance Status, and Tune-up Guidance and Example Recordkeeping Forms for Area Sources can be found under Implementation Tools at: Send copies of paperwork to Send copies of paperwork to EPA Region 1 US Environmental Protection Agency 5 Post Office Square, Suite 100, Mail code: OES04-2, Boston MA Attention: Air Clerk and in the case of NH sources New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services Air Resources Division 29 Hazen Drive P.O. Box 95 Concord, NH Attention: Section Supervisor, Compliance Bureau

23 ContactsRegulationContactOffice Telephone Number Boiler MACT Brian Shrager USEPA Headquarters - OAQPS (919) Susan Lancey USEPA – Region 1 (617) Boiler Area Source Rule Jim Eddinger USEPA Headquarters - OAQPS (919) Susan Lancey USEPA – Region 1 (617) CISWI Toni Jones USEPA Headquarters - NRCG (919) Solid Waste Definition George Faison USEPA Headquarters – RCRA (703) Jui-Yu Hsieh USEPA - Region 1 (617)

24 Permitting Guidance NH Permit Applicability NH Permit Applicability NH Permit Approaches NH Permit Approaches Individual Permits (Temporary, State, Title V) Individual Permits (Temporary, State, Title V) Device Design gross heat input (BTU/hr) Fuel External Combustion Device (Boiler) 10,000,00010,000,000 Gaseous fuel, LPG, distillate fuel (#2 fuel oil) or diesel fuel, any combination 4,000,0004,000,000 #4 fuel oil 2,000,0002,000,000 Solid fuel, residual fuel (#6 fuel oil), used oil, any combination

25 Emergency Generator Regulations

26 Overview of recent EPA actions affecting emergency generators EPA issued three rules that regulate emissions from reciprocating internal combustion engines (RICE): EPA issued three rules that regulate emissions from reciprocating internal combustion engines (RICE): NSPS for Stationary Compression Ignition (CI) Internal Combustion Engines (40 CFR 60, Subpart IIII) (Quad I) NSPS for Stationary Compression Ignition (CI) Internal Combustion Engines (40 CFR 60, Subpart IIII) (Quad I) NSPS for Stationary Spark Ignition (SI) Internal Combustion Engines (40 CFR 60, Subpart JJJJ) (Quad J) NSPS for Stationary Spark Ignition (SI) Internal Combustion Engines (40 CFR 60, Subpart JJJJ) (Quad J) NESHAP for Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (RICE) (40 CFR 63, Subpart ZZZZ) (Quad Z) NESHAP for Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (RICE) (40 CFR 63, Subpart ZZZZ) (Quad Z)

27 How do these three rules compare? (Information is for comparison purposes only) Regulation Fuel Type Manufacture Date of Engine 1 Pollutants Regulated Quad I Diesel Beginning in model year 2007 and later NOx, PM, CO, NMHC Quad J Gasoline Beginning in model year 2007 and later NOx, PM, CO, NMHC Quad Z Both fuels All engines HAPs 1 Manufacture date varies with size of engine. See rule for more accurate information on the dates.

28 NSPS for Stationary CI Internal Combustion Engines (Quad I) Affects new, modified, and reconstructed stationary CI engines [diesel fired engines] Affects new, modified, and reconstructed stationary CI engines [diesel fired engines] Initially promulgated on July 11, 2006 Initially promulgated on July 11, 2006 Amendments signed June 8, 2011 Amendments signed June 8, 2011

29 Who is Subject to Quad I? Manufacturers of 2007 model year or later stationary CI engines <30 liters/cylinder displacement Manufacturers of 2007 model year or later stationary CI engines <30 liters/cylinder displacement Model years differ for fire pump engines ( depending on size) Model years differ for fire pump engines ( depending on size) Owners/operators of engines Owners/operators of engines Constructed (ordered) after 7/11/2005 and manufactured after 4/1/2006 Constructed (ordered) after 7/11/2005 and manufactured after 4/1/2006 Constructed after 7/1/2006 for fire pump engines Constructed after 7/1/2006 for fire pump engines Modified/reconstructed after 7/11/2005 Modified/reconstructed after 7/11/2005

30 Quad I - Emission Standards Phased in over several years and have Tiers with increasing levels of stringency Phased in over several years and have Tiers with increasing levels of stringency Output-based, units of g/kW-hr (g/HP-hr) Output-based, units of g/kW-hr (g/HP-hr) Pollutants: NOx, PM, CO, NMHC Pollutants: NOx, PM, CO, NMHC SOx reduced through use of low sulfur fuel SOx reduced through use of low sulfur fuel Modeled after EPAs standards for non-road and marine engines Modeled after EPAs standards for non-road and marine engines

31 Quad I - Compliance Manufacturers must certify 2007 model year and later engines with a displacement <30 liters/cylinder Manufacturers must certify 2007 model year and later engines with a displacement <30 liters/cylinder Certification = EPA Certificate of Conformity Certification = EPA Certificate of Conformity Owner/operator of emergency generators complies by: Owner/operator of emergency generators complies by: Purchasing certified engine Purchasing certified engine Install, configure, operate and maintain engine per manufacturers instructions or manufacturer-approved procedures Install, configure, operate and maintain engine per manufacturers instructions or manufacturer-approved procedures Install a non-resettable hour meter prior to startup Install a non-resettable hour meter prior to startup Owner/operator operates unit with ultra low sulfur fuel after October 1, 2010 (<15 ppm sulfur content) Owner/operator operates unit with ultra low sulfur fuel after October 1, 2010 (<15 ppm sulfur content)

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33 Quad I - Notification and Recordkeeping Emergency Generators not required to submit an initial notification. Emergency Generators not required to submit an initial notification. Maintain documentation from the manufacturer certifying that the engine complies with the applicable emission standards of Quad I Maintain documentation from the manufacturer certifying that the engine complies with the applicable emission standards of Quad I Record the time of operation of the engine and the reason the engine was in operation during that time. Record the time of operation of the engine and the reason the engine was in operation during that time. Keep records of the sulfur content of the fuel burned in the device. Keep records of the sulfur content of the fuel burned in the device.

34 NSPS for Stationary SI Internal Combustion Engines (Quad J) Affects new, modified, and reconstructed stationary SI engines [gas fired engines] Affects new, modified, and reconstructed stationary SI engines [gas fired engines] Initially promulgated on January 18, 2008 Initially promulgated on January 18, 2008 Amendments signed June 8, 2011 Amendments signed June 8, 2011

35 Who is Subject to Quad J? Manufacturers of stationary SI engines: Manufacturers of stationary SI engines: 25 HP and manufactured on/after 7/1/ HP and manufactured on/after 7/1/2008 >25 HP, gasoline or rich burn LPG, manufactured on/after 7/1/2008 (on/after 1/1/2009 for emergency engines) >25 HP, gasoline or rich burn LPG, manufactured on/after 7/1/2008 (on/after 1/1/2009 for emergency engines) >25 HP, not gasoline or not rich burn LPG, voluntary certified engines manufacture on/after >25 HP, not gasoline or not rich burn LPG, voluntary certified engines manufacture on/after 7/1/2007>500 HP (except lean burn 500HP 500 HP (except lean burn 500HP<1,350) 1/1/2008lean burn 500HP<1,350 1/1/2008lean burn 500HP<1,350 7/1/2008<500 HP 7/1/2008<500 HP 1/1/2009emergency engines 1/1/2009emergency engines

36 Who is Subject to Quad J? (continued) Owners/operators of stationary SI engines: Owners/operators of stationary SI engines: Constructed after 6/12/2006 and Constructed after 6/12/2006 and 500 HP manufactured on/after 7/1/2007 (except lean burn 500HP<1,350) 500 HP manufactured on/after 7/1/2007 (except lean burn 500HP<1,350) Lean burn 500HP<1,350 manufactured on/after 1/1/2008 Lean burn 500HP<1,350 manufactured on/after 1/1/2008 <500 HP manufactured on/after 7/1/2008 <500 HP manufactured on/after 7/1/2008 Emergency >25 HP manufactured on/after 1/1/2009 Emergency >25 HP manufactured on/after 1/1/2009 Modified/reconstructed after 6/12/2006 Modified/reconstructed after 6/12/2006

37 Quad J - Emission Standards Phased in over several years and have Tiers with increasing levels of stringency Phased in over several years and have Tiers with increasing levels of stringency Output-based, units of g/kW-hr (g/HP-hr) Output-based, units of g/kW-hr (g/HP-hr) O2, standards for some engines O2, standards for some engines Pollutants: NOx, CO, VOC Pollutants: NOx, CO, VOC Sulfur limit on gasoline Sulfur limit on gasoline Some standards modeled after EPAs standards for non-road SI engines Some standards modeled after EPAs standards for non-road SI engines

38 Quad J - Compliance Manufacturers must certify engines 25 HP, gasoline engines, and rich burn LPG engines Manufacturers must certify engines 25 HP, gasoline engines, and rich burn LPG engines Manufacturers can elect to certify other engines Manufacturers can elect to certify other engines Owner/operator complies by either: Owner/operator complies by either: For certified engines: Install, configure, operate and maintain engine per manufacturers instructions or manufacturer-approved procedures For certified engines: Install, configure, operate and maintain engine per manufacturers instructions or manufacturer-approved procedures For uncertified engines: Conduct performance test (requirements vary depending on engine size) For uncertified engines: Conduct performance test (requirements vary depending on engine size)

39 Quad J - Notification and Recordkeeping Owners/operators of uncertified SI RICE 500 HP must submit an initial notification. Owners/operators of uncertified SI RICE 500 HP must submit an initial notification. Owners/operators of all SI RICE must keep records of: Owners/operators of all SI RICE must keep records of: All notifications All notifications All maintenance conducted on the engine All maintenance conducted on the engine For certified engines: Documentation from the manufacturer certifying that the engine complies with the applicable emission standards of Quad J For certified engines: Documentation from the manufacturer certifying that the engine complies with the applicable emission standards of Quad J For uncertified engines or certified engines operating in a non-certified manner: Documentation that the engine meets the emission standards. For uncertified engines or certified engines operating in a non-certified manner: Documentation that the engine meets the emission standards.

40 NESHAP for Stationary Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines (RICE) (Quad Z) New or reconstructed stationary RICE located at an area source must meet the requirements of Quad I or Quad J. No further requirements apply under Quad Z. New or reconstructed stationary RICE located at an area source must meet the requirements of Quad I or Quad J. No further requirements apply under Quad Z. Existing (1/1/2009) institutional emergency stationary RICE located at an area source of HAP emissions do not have to meet the requirements of Quad Z or the General Provisions of 40 CFR 63. Existing (1/1/2009) institutional emergency stationary RICE located at an area source of HAP emissions do not have to meet the requirements of Quad Z or the General Provisions of 40 CFR 63.

41 Permitting Guidance NH Permit Applicability NH Permit Applicability NH Permit Approaches NH Permit Approaches General State Permit (up for renewal April 2013) General State Permit (up for renewal April 2013) On-line permitting (http://des.nh.gov) On-line permitting (http://des.nh.gov)http://des.nh.gov Easy, fast, less paperwork Easy, fast, less paperwork Initial permit is free Initial permit is free Emission-based fees still apply Emission-based fees still apply Individual Permits (Temporary, State, Title V) Individual Permits (Temporary, State, Title V) Device Design gross heat input (BTU/hr) Fuel IndividualCombined One or more Internal Combustion Devices (Engines) 150,0001,500,000 Liquid fuel oil 1,500,00010,000,000 NG or LPG

42 Questions? Contact: Cathy Beahm N.H. Department of Environmental Services Air Resources Division (603)


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