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The Opinion Essay.

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Presentation on theme: "The Opinion Essay."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Opinion Essay

2 The Opinion Essay Opinion essay is a formal piece of essay writing which presents the author’s point of view on a particular subject supported by reasons and examples. The opposing viewpoint is also suggested, it goes with arguments that show that it is unconvincing.

3 The Opinion Essay A Successful Opinion Essay Consists of:
An introduction where the topic and the author’s opinion are stated clearly. A main body where viewpoints supported by reasons are presented in several paragraphs. This section has also the opposing viewpoint which is proved to be unconvincing. A conclusion where the main points of the essay are summarized and the author’s opinion is restated in other words.

4 The Opinion Essay Useful Tips for Writing an Opinion Essay:
Decide your opinion as for the topic discussed Make a list of viewpoints and reasons supporting your point of view Write well-developed paragraphs Use linking words and phrases to join the sentences and the paragraphs within the text Start each paragraph with a topic sentence

5 The Opinion Essay Apply the Following Techniques to Start and Finish Your Opinion Essays: Address to the reader directly Start with a quotation Start with a thought provoking or rhetorical question Refer to some striking or unusual fact, idea or situation

6 The Opinion Essay Use the Following Expressions to Give Your Opinion:
As far as I am concerned, … I am (not) convinced that … In my opinion/view … My opinion is that … I (firmly)believe … I (definitely) feel/think that … I am inclined to believe that …

7 The Opinion Essay Basic Do’s in Writing Opinion Essays:
Write in a formal style Introduce the topic clearly State clear topic sentences Use generalizations Use quotations

8 The Opinion Essay Basic Dont’s in Writing an Opinion Essay:
Don’t use colloquial expressions Don’t use short forms Don’t use emotive vocabulary Don’t use over-generalizations Don’t use statistics without proper referencing Don’t give personal examples

9 Introduction Step 1 Underline key words in the task
Some people believe that modern teenagers are really awful. However, modern teenagers think that they are criticized for no reason. What’s your opinion? Do you agree that teens are really so bad? Write words

10 Step 2 Remember about the plan
Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Draw a conclusion State the problem Give arguments for the opposite point of view and explain why you disagree with them Express your opinion and give reasons for it

11 Step 3 Write the introduction
Try to paraphrase ___________, using synonyms and different grammar structures Remember that the purpose of the introduction is to attract ___________and to give __________ on the topic Remember to express ___________in the introduction. your opinion the reader’s attention topic statement background information

12 Step 4 Language for introduction
According to… It is often said that… It is often argued that… Nowadays, we are becoming aware of the fact that… These days, it seems that… Recently we have all become concerned that…. There is no doubt that…

13 Example of introduction
According to the older generation, teenagers are lazy, they wear ridiculous clothes and they are appallingly rude to their equals and elders. However, are they really much worse than they used to be a hundred years ago? It seems to me quite the opposite of the truth.

14 The body of the essay Step 1Brainstorm the ideas
Positive adjectives and phrases to describe teenagers hard-working helpful constructive caring become successful have part-time jobs achieve great things study a lot Negative adjectives and phrases to describe teenagers aggressive disobedient rebellious cruel take drugs and alcohol get involved in fights listen to awful music

15 Step 2 Think of 2-3 arguments to support your opinion
Teenagers are purposeful and highly motivated They achieve great things in sport They do household chores to help their parents. Most of them aim at entering universities and study hard in order to fulfill this task They are more ambitious than they used to be in the past. Their parents are busy following their career paths and have no energy for keeping their homes

16 Step 3 Phrases to introduce your personal opinion
I believe that… Personally, I feel that… It seems to me that… I would argue that… I feel strongly that… I am convinced that… I am greatly in favour of… I’m completely opposed to…

17 Step 4 Linking words to introduce arguments.
Firstly, secondly… Moreover… Furthermore… In addition… Besides…

18 Example of the second paragraph
Personally, I am convinced that teenagers are misjudged. To begin with, most of them are purposeful and highly- motivated. The great majority of the school-leavers today enter the universities. They also achieve great things in sport and seem to be more ambitious than they used to be in the past. Besides, lots of teens do household chores as their parents are busy following their career paths and have no energy to fulfill their duties.

19 Step 5 Opposite views and counterarguments
Opponents’ arguments Teenagers are criticized for having bad habits like taking drugs and alcohol They are cruel, aggressive and disobedient Counterarguments They are aware of the consequences of such bad habits and very few of them become addicted to drugs and alcohol Not all of them get involved in fights or break public rules of behaviour

20 Step 6 Transition between paragraphs
However.. Anyway.. Nevertheless.. Nonetheless..

21 Example of the third paragraph
However, teenagers are often criticized for having bad habits like taking drugs and alcohol. In my opinion most teenagers are aware of the consequences of such bad habits and very few of them get addicted to drugs and alcohol. Some people claim that teenagers are cruel, aggressive and disobedient. I feel strongly that it is not fair as not everyone gets involved in fights or tends to commit a crime.

22 Conclusion Step 1 Think about the language
To sum up,… In conclusion… To conclude…

23 Step 2 Rephrase your opinion
I believe that … teenagers are not as bad as they are thought of nowadays, teenagers are worse than they used to be teenagers are better now than they used to be

24 Example conclusion To sum up, I believe that teenagers are not as bad as they are thought to be. The main reason for such unfair attitudes to teenagers is misunderstanding between adults and young people. Very often adults disapprove of their fashion, music, and habits. Of course, not all teenagers are adeal, but they are not worse than their parents.

25 The Opinion Essay

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