Presentation on theme: "Teaching Writing for the Russian State Exam"— Presentation transcript:
1 Teaching Writing for the Russian State Exam Tatyana Kuznetsova
2 What have you written?In pairs or small groups make a list of all the things you have wtitten in the last weekDiscuss the following questions:Who were you writing the items to or for?Where there differences in the way you wroteeach of them?How were they different from speaking?
3 Good writing skillsHere are some subskills required for effective writing. Can you add more?SpellingPunctuationLayoutMore?
4 What is special about writing for the exam? The students are more motivatedTask-based activityThe ability to reading and analysing the rubric and task input or underlining key wordsTarget readerHow will it be assessed?How to get the highest point?
5 Planning a writing lesson Generating ideasFocusing ideasFocus on a model textOrganising ideasWritingPeer evaluationReviewing
6 The six big horrible “no-no”s 1. not reading the question properly2. not reading the instructions3. not planning your answer4. not writing in paragraphs5. not writing properly (spelling, grammar)6. not answering the question
7 Opinion essayOpinion essay is a formal piece of essay which presents the author’s point of view on a particular subject supported by reasons and examples. The opposing viewpoint is also suggested, it goes with arguments that show that it is unconvincing.
8 Fact or opinion? Write two facts about a pop group Write two opinions about a pop groupWrite two facts about school
9 A 5 sentence paragraph The explanation Topic sentence gives the idea you are going to read about3 detailed sentences about the firstThe ending sentence with the same idea of the first but in different wordsThe applicationThe production
10 Using different wordsSaidwhispered, cried, complained, shouted, yelled, muttered, repeated, screamed, asked, commented, demanded, replied, sobbed, declared
11 Using interesting words Don’t use boring words like big or nice all the time.e.g. Bruce was hungry.Bruce was starving.Bruce’s stomach was grumbling.Bruce could have eaten half an elephant.Bruce was eating like there was no tomorrow.
12 A paragraph is a group of sentences that discuss one main idea. ParagraphsA paragraph is a group of sentences that discuss one main idea.Start a new paragraph when something new happens.When you talk about a new person.Each time a person speaks.When you write about a different place.When the story or letter moves to a different time.
13 Improving handwriting Handwriting is important!If it’s too messy to read:Your teacher might miss out on some of your brilliant pointsNo one will be able to tell if you are spelling things correctly
14 Good vs bad idea activity This essay is going to look at whether should school uniform be worn at schoolI think that school uniform……Good idea:Bad idea….
15 A successful opinion essay An introduction where the topic and the author’s opinion are stated clearlyViewpoints are supported by reasonsOpposing viewpointsIn conclusion the main points of view are summarized and the author’s opinion is related to other words.
16 Useful tipsDecide your opinion as for the topic discussed and paraphrasing the statementMake a list of viewpoints and reasons supporting your point of viewWrite well developed paragraphsUse linking wordsStart each paragraph with a topic sentence
17 How to express your opinion In my opinionIt seems to meThe way I see itTo my mindI strongly agree/disagreeMy opinion is thatAs far as I am concernedI strongly believe
18 To list points First of all Firstly, secondly, lastly To start with To begin withOn the one hand
19 To add more points Also Moreover Furthermore In addition Besides Apart from thisAnother major reason
20 Contrasting viewpoints On the other handHoweverIt is argued thatOpponents of this way sayAlthoughIn contrast
21 To introduce examples For example For instance Such as In particular Especially
22 To conclude To sum up In conclusion All in all All things considered Taking everything into account
23 Avoid introducing wholly new ideas at the end of an essay. Conclusion should echo the main idea, without dully repeating it. By the end of the essay, readers should already understand your main idea. It must summarize the essay’s key points, pose a question for future study, offer advice, or propose a course of action.Avoid introducing wholly new ideas at the end of an essay.
24 Dos and don’ts Write in a formal style Introduce the topic clearly State clear topic sentencesUse generalizationsUse quotationsDon’t use colloquial expressionsDon’t use short formsDon’t use emotive vocabularyDon’t use overgeneralizationsDon’t use statistics without proper referencingDon’t give personal examples
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