E.Q. – How can water, soil & air be recycled? Standard S6Ej. Describe methods for conserving natural resources such as water, soil, and air.
NATURAL RESOURCE Natural Resource - Any natural material that is used by humans or Resources that the Earth provides for you EX: Water, Petroleum, Minerals, Forests
RENEWABLE RESOURCES A Natural Resource that can be replaced at the same rate at which the resource is used. EX: Trees,Wind, Water Although many resources are renewable, they still can be used up before they can be renewed.
Nonrenewable Resources A resource that forms at a rate that is much slower than the rate at which it is consumed. A fossil fuel is a nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of plants & animals that lived long ago. EX: Coal, Petroleum (Oil), Natural Gas Once they’re gone, they’re gone!!
CONSERVING NATURAL RESOURCES To conserve natural resources, you should try to use them only when necessary. 3 R’s Reduce Reuse Recycle
SOIL POLLUTION How can soil be lost or damaged? Exhausted – lose fertility because crops planted year after year. Polluted – mining, chemical spills, HUMANS Erosion – wind, water Desertification – once wet area, undergoes drought conditions OR grazing animals OR cutting trees http://www.gly.uga.edu/railsback/CTW/ChinaDesertification.jpeg
HOW CAN SOIL BE CONSERVED? Soil conservation is the management of soil to prevent destruction. Contour Plowing Crop Rotation Conservation Plowing Windbreaks Leaving soil fallow
Contour Plowing plowing fields along curves of slopes
Conservation Plowing dead weeds and stalks are left in the ground from year to year
Crop Rotation plant different crops in a field from year to year
Windbreak trees planted along the edge of a field
Terracing Prevents erosion from heavy rains on steep hills
WATER POLLUTION How can water be lost or cause damage? Point-Source Pollution- pollution that comes from one specific site. EX: leak from a sewer pipe
WATER POLLUTION How can water be lost or cause damage? Nonpoint-source Pollution – Pollution that comes from many sources; Reaches bodies of water as runoff EX: street gutters, fertilizers, eroded soil, drainage from mines
Water Conservation Video http://www.sesamestreet.org/video_player/- /pgpv/videoplayer/0/3a878aa1-1cff-464d-a0b0- 64b204cdce3c/water_conservation http://www.sesamestreet.org/video_player/- /pgpv/videoplayer/0/3a878aa1-1cff-464d-a0b0- 64b204cdce3c/water_conservation
How can Water be conserved? By using only the water needed By recycling water By using drip irrigation systems. Waste water can be treated by sewage treatment plants and septic systems
Air Pollution How can Air cause damage or loss? Air Pollution - The contamination of the atmosphere by the introduction of pollutants from human and natural sources
Air Pollutants PRIMARY POLLUTANTS Industrial emissions Vehicle Exhaust Volcanic Ash SECONDARY POLLUTANTS The formation of smog
SOURCES OF HUMAN-CAUSED POLLUTION Industrial & Indoor Air Pollution Acid Precipitation The Ozone Hole
How Can Air Be Conserved? By legislation, such as the Clean Air Act By Technology such as scrubbers - devices used to remove pollutants before they are released by smokestacks By changes in Lifestyle
Final Countdown One Important fact from lesson about Air One Important fact from lesson about Water One Important fact from lesson about Soil Name an example of a renewable resource. Name an example of a non- renewable resource. One way in which something you learned TODAY relates to something you learned previously