Presentation on theme: "1 Medical Equipment Safety Orientation to Laboratory Safety."— Presentation transcript:
1 Medical Equipment Safety Orientation to Laboratory Safety
2 Objectives Recognize the most recent OSHA (Occupational Heath Safety Administration) Regulations Know what personal protective equipment is available to them and when its should be used Understanding the importance of good housekeeping in the laboratory
3 Objectives Recognize various ventilation controls, and know when they should be used Being able to read a Material Safety Data Sheet( MSDS) Know the basic actions to take in emergency situations, including the use of safety showers and eye washes
4 Types of safety considerations MSDS Facility’s Chemical Hygiene Plan Biologically infectious materials Respiratory protection Fire safety First aid and CPR
6 Housekeeping Check all PPE before using it Remove PPE before leaving your work area Know how to work safely Keep the lab area clean and clutter free
7 Ventilation controls Used correctly, air flow effectively Test hoods to make sure air flow is working Select the right type of lab hood for the procedures
8 MSDS consideration Know proper working procedure Proper chemical storage Flammables Compressed gas cylinders Chemical containers
9 What to due in case of lab. accident Dial emergency Learn the evacuation rules See your instructor regarding emergency systems and fire alarms Know the location of emergency equipment Use eye washes and safety showers if necessary
10 Medical Equipment Safety Safety Showers and Eye Washes
11 Objectives Recognize the different types of safety showers and eye washes, know their advantages and disadvantages and what supplemental steps should be taken when using less than optimal equipment. Know how safety showers and eye washes operate.
12 Objectives Know what precaution to take when working with hazardous substances. Know what to do if they come into contact with corrosive materials. Know how to properly test safety showers and eye washes. Know the procedures to be followed when using safety showers and eye washes.
13 The Major Points There are many types of safety showers and eye washes. – The best activate the water with one step. – Water continues to flow until turned off. Safety showers should have a strong enough flow to immediately drench the victim. – Should provide enough water for fifteen minutes of use.
14 The Major Points Eye washes should produce a soft stream or spray. – Often aerated. – Should also last for at least fifteen minutes.
15 The Major Points Corrosives include: – Strong acids. – Strong bases. – Dehydrating agents. – Oxidizing agents.
16 The Major Points Always take the proper steps to avoid Corrosives` effects. – Wear personal protective equipment. – Plan in advance for emergencies. – Read Material safety Data Sheets before starting work. – Review your facility's Chemical Hygiene Plan.
17 The Major Points Equipment should be routinely tested. – Put together a schedule. – Mark dates and results of testing on a tag. – Contact your supervisor if any problems.
18 The Major Points If you are splashed by a hazardous substance, take the following steps: – Do not panic. – Call out for help. – Get to a shower or eye wash (depending on the incident).
19 The Major Points If a chemical splash is constrained to the eye area, use an eye wash. – Should provide continuous, gentle stream of water. – Get to the eye wash as quickly as possible. – Hold the eye open with your fingers. – Rinse completely, under and behind the eyelid.
20 The Major Points Many portable eye wash units do not supply fifteen minutes of water. – Use only for an initial wash. – Follow up with a fifteen minute rinse. Small eye wash bottles don't provide adequate rinsing. – Use only when nothing else is available.
22 Objectives Know How Electricity functions, and know the meaning of common Electrical Terms such as volts, currents, ampere, etc. Be aware of common Electrical Hazards and the type of problems they can cause
23 Objectives Know how circuits functions and the role of fuses and circuit breakers Understand the concept of “ grounding” and how it relates to Outlets, Three Prong plugs and ground fault interrupters
24 Objectives Know how electrical Equipment functions and safe guards to take when Repairing or maintaining it Know what to do in the case of an accident or emergency involving Electricity
25 Electricity A form of energy resulting from the existence of charged particles (electrons, protons, etc.), either statically as an accumulation of charge or dynamically as a current Current is the flow of Electricity – Intensity of the current is measured in “amperes” (amps) Force is 110 Volts or 220 Volts
26 Common Electrical Hazards Fires Shocks Burns
27 How Circuits Function Electricity flows when a circuit is completed – A loop of uninterrupted electricity going from a power source to equipment and back again – ON / OFF Switches regulate the loop
28 Fuse and Circuit-breaker The flow of electricity can also be broken by a fuse or circuit breaker – Activated if wires are carrying more electricity than they can safely handle
29 Grounding Grounding provides a safeguard against this situation – A ground wire will direct “ leaking” electricity back through the circuit, not to the person using the equipment – Ground wires are easily visible in three-prong plugs
30 Using and Maintaining Equipment Many Electrical problems involve faulty wiring Make sure all electrical equipment is properly grounded Always use caution when selecting electrical equipment Get faulty equipment’s repaired
31 Using and Maintaining Equipment If you need to adjust an instrument or equipment or perform routine maintenance disconnect all power source first In area where flammable materials are used, equipment selection is doubly important
32 Emergency Procedures never touch a person who is in contact with a live wire. Cut off electrical current at a switch or circuit breaker. Contact emergency medical personal immediately First Aid and CPR (if necessary)