Presentation on theme: "Do Now #7 A physical change occurs when a substance changes form, but stays the same. A chemical change occurs when a substance changes into a new, different."— Presentation transcript:
1 Do Now #7A physical change occurs when a substance changes form, but stays the same.A chemical change occurs when a substance changes into a new, different substance.1. In which Station Activities did you observe physical changes?2. In which Station Activities did you observe chemical changes?
2 Physical vs. Chemical Physical Property Chemical Property characteristics observed without changing the identity of the substanceCharacteristics such as color, density, odorChemical Propertydescribes the ability of a substance to undergo changes in identity
3 Physical vs. ChemicalLets think about the penny. What is the penny made out of?Please tell me you didn’t say just copper!Lets take a look at what the penny has done over the years.Composition?Why would the penny change (think of physical properties, as well as chemical properties?In the 1980s copper became too expensive to be the primary metal in pennies. Zinc was chosen to replace copper because of its availability and reasonable expense. Zinc is slightly less dense than copper. During WWII, copper was in short supply, so they produced zinc plated steel pennies
4 B. Physical vs. Chemical physical chemical melting point flammable Examples:melting pointflammabledensitymagnetictarnishes in air
5 Classify Each of the following as Physical or Chemical Properties The boiling point of ethyl alcohol is 78°C.Physical property – describes inherent characteristic of alcohol – boiling pointDiamond is very hard.Physical property – describes inherent characteristic of diamond – hardnessSugar ferments to form ethyl alcohol.Chemical property – describes behavior of sugar – forming a new substance (ethyl alcohol)6
6 Changes in MatterPhysical Changes are changes to matter that do not result in a change of the fundamental components that make that substance (CHANGE IN CONDITION)State Changes – boiling, melting, condensingChemical Changes involve a change in the fundamental components of the substance (CHANGE IN MATERIAL)Produce a new substanceChemical reactionReactants Products8
7 It’s a physical change if It changes shape or sizeIt dissolves.
8 It changes phase (freezes, boils, evaporates, condenses) It’s a physical change if...It changes phase (freezes, boils, evaporates, condenses)
9 It’s a chemical change if…. It burnsTemperature changes without heating/cooling
10 It’s a chemical change if... It bubbles (makes a gas)
11 It’s a chemical change if... It changes colorIt forms a precipitate
12 What kind of change is it if someone... Tears up paper?Physical changeMixes salt and water?
13 What kind of change is it if someone... Burns paper?Chemical changeEvaporates salt water?Physical change
14 Table salt is stirred into water (left), forming a homogeneous mixture called a solution (right)
15 No chemical change occurs when salt water is distilled
16 What kind of change is it if someone... Mixes vinegar and baking soda?Chemical change
17 Physical vs. Chemical chemical physical rusting iron Examples:rusting irondissolving in waterburning a logmelting icegrinding spices
18 Classify Each of the following as Physical or Chemical Changes Iron is melted.Physical change – describes a state change, but the material is still ironIron combines with oxygen to form rust.Chemical change – describes how iron and oxygen react to make a new substance, rustSugar ferments to form ethyl alcohol.Chemical change – describes how sugar forms a new substance (ethyl alcohol)10
19 Properties of Matter List of chemical changes possible. Description by senses – shape, color, odor, etc.Measurable properties – density, boiling point, etc.PROPERTIESOld substance destroyed.New substance formed.New form of old substance.No new substances formed.CHANGECHEMICALPHYSICAL