Presentation on theme: "African Governments Kenya and South Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 African Governments Kenya and South Africa SS7CG2aThe structure of modern government in Africa
2 IMPORTANT VOCABULARY PLEASE WRITE THESE DOWN: Republic ~ government using and following constitution. Personal rights are respected and cannot be taken away.Constitutional republic ~a state where the head of state and other officials are elected as representatives of the people, and must govern according to existing constitutional law. Also, powers are separated. (Ex. U.S.A.)Head of state(H.O.S or C.O.S)~ the chief public representative or ceremonial representative of a country who may also be the head of government (President, Prime Minister, etc.)Head of Government (H.O.G) ~ is the top administrative leader who is designated to manage the day-to-day activities of the governmentPresident~ chief executive officer of a government; also the head of state.Personal freedoms~ freedom of expression, freedom of movement, freedom of press, etc...
3 3 main ways governments distribute, or share, power . . . federalunitaryconfederation
4 UNITARY GOVERNMENTDefinition: Central government holds power and shares with regional (if they want)Central AuthorityRegional Authority
5 FEDERAL GOVERNMENTDefinition: power is SHARED between central government and regional governmentsRegional AuthorityCentral Authority
6 Definition: Regional has MORE power and shares w/central CONFEDERAL GOVERNMENTDefinition: Regional has MORE power and shares w/centralCentral AuthorityRegional Authority
7 rule by one OLIGARCHIC DEMOCRATIC rule by all AUTOCRATICrule by oneOLIGARCHICrule by the fewDEMOCRATICrule by all
8 Degree of Personal Freedom for Citizens CountryType of GovtHead of State/Head ofGovernment(HOS, HOG)Who Can Vote?Degree of Personal Freedom for CitizensYear of Independencefrom Colonial RuleKenyaSouthAfrica
10 Republic, with one-house legislature called the National Assembly CountryType of GovernmentRepublic of KenyaRepublic, with one-house legislature called the National Assembly
11 prime minister was established. CountryHead of StateRepublic of KenyaKenya had a presidential democracy until the election of The position ofprime minister was established.NOW they have a President=Head of StatePM=Head of Govt.
12 All citizens 18 years of age or older can vote CountryWho Can VoteRepublic of KenyaAll citizens 18 years of age or older can vote
13 Degree of Personal Freedom for Citizens CountryDegree of Personal Freedom for CitizensRepublic of KenyaFreedoms are written into constitution but gov’t is dominated by the president. There have been improvements in rights recently. Limited freedom of speech and press and criticism of govt
14 In 1963 from Great Britain Republic of Kenya CountryType of GovernmentHead of StateWho Can VoteDegree of Personal Freedom for CitizensYear of Independence from Colonial RuleRepublic of KenyaRepublic, with one-house legislature called the National AssemblyKenya had a presidential form ofdemocracy until the election of The position ofprime minister was established.President=Chief of StatePM=Head of Govt.All citizens 18 years of age or older can voteFreedoms are written in theconstitution. The new constitutionguaranteed many freedoms:freedom ofexpression, freedom of movement, andfreedom from discriminationIn 1963 from Great Britain
16 Republic, with two-house National Assembly (parliamentary) CountryType of GovernmentRepublic of South AfricaRepublic, with two-house National Assembly (parliamentary)
17 CountryType of GovernmentHead of StateRepublic of South AfricaRepublic, with two-house National AssemblyPresident is the HOS and is elected by the National Assembly (legislature)Presidentanswers to the National Assembly and mayOnly serve two five year terms.
18 All citizens 18 years of age or older can vote CountryType of GovernmentHead of StateWho Can VoteRepublic of South AfricaRepublic, with two-house National AssemblyPresident elected by the National AssemblyAll citizens 18 years of age or older can vote
19 Degree of Personal Freedom for Citizens CountryDegree of Personal Freedom for CitizensRepublic of South AfricaPersonal Freedoms are numerous. (similar to USA)The constitution ensures equality beforethe law and prohibits discrimination.It guarantees the right to life, privacy,property, freedom, and security of theperson, and freedom of speech, religion,assembly and association.It prohibits slavery and forced labor.
20 Year of Independence from Colonial Rule CountryYear of Independence from Colonial RuleRepublic of South AfricaSouth Africa became independent from Great Britain in The racially segregated government ended in 1994 when majority rule was established.
24 South Africa LiteracyWhat percentage of the population over the age of 15 can read and write?•93%•How long are students expected to stay in school?•Most students drop out of school when they are 13 years old.
26 Kenya Literacy Rate is 85% Government has been improving education as a priority .Programs for building schools.Eliminate fees for children to attend school.85% attend elementary school24% attend high school2% college (post high school)
27 Large gap between literacy rate of girls and boys. School attendance is much high for boys than girls.Overall attendance drops in rural areas.It is felt boys need education for better jobs, girls only need to prepare for marriage.
29 AIDS in AfricaSS7CG3 The student will analyze how politics in Africa impacts standard of living.b. Describe the impact of government stability on the distribution of resources to combat AIDS and famine across Africa.
31 Fast FactsBetween 1999 and 2000 more people died of AIDS in Africa than in all the wars on the continent.The year 2000 began with 24 million Africansinfected with the virus.Each day, 6,000 Africans die from AIDS.Each day, an additional 11,000 are infected.
32 Fast Facts Continued In 2007… 32.8 million living with HIV 2.5 million new infections of HIV2 million deaths from AIDSOver two-thirds of HIV cases, and some 80% of deaths, were in Sub-Saharan Africa.
35 AIDS and Government Stability Describe the impact of government stability on the distribution of resources to combat AIDS and famine across Africa.In highly affected regions, HIV/AIDS also places huge strains on state institutions and the economy.AIDS most frequently strikes at the most productive members of society, those years old.Their deaths have left Africa with over 11 million orphansNumber of deaths and infection rate to increase over the next 10 yearsTherefore, the acute impact of the AIDS pandemic may result in the widespread economic and political destabilization of societies, states, and entire regions.
36 WHY?Poor health care systems, poverty, and lack of government organizationLack of knowledge about the disease and its preventionAntiretroviral drugs that are able to slow down the progress of the disease are expensive
37 What is Africa doing to help combat AIDS? HIV prevention campaignsDistribution of Safe Sex MaterialsVoluntary HIV counseling and testingAntiretroviral drugs to prevent mother to child transmission
38 Famine in AfricaFamine is caused by the shortage or inability of people to obtain food.Many African countries face famine today because:Climate changesPolitical conflict which disrupts farmingPoor prices for African goods on world marketPoorly organized or corrupt governmentsDisease
39 Famine in Africa only show 3 or 4 minutes (important) Video ClipFamine in Africa only show 3 or 4 minutes (important)
40 AIDS and Famine Describe the impact of government stability on the distribution of resources to combat AIDS and famine across Africa.If people are sick, what happens?Aids kills young adults, especially women - the people whose labor is most needed. When the rains come, people must work 16 hours a day planting and weeding the crop. If that critical period is missed, the family will go hungry. In a community depleted by Aids, each working adult must produce more to feed the same number of dependents - not just children but sick adults, too.Just as HIV destroys the body's immune system, the epidemic of HIV and Aids has disabled African countries.As a result of HIV, the worst-hit African countries have undergone a social breakdown that is now reaching a new level: African societies' capacity to resist famine is fast eroding.Hunger and disease have begun reinforcing each other.
41 What can you do?EDUCATE!!!!!Be SafeDonateAwareness