What do you think the message of this picture is?
Which region of the world has the highest HIV/AIDS infection rates?
What conclusion(s) can you draw from this graph about HIV/AIDS infection rates ?
AIDS Fact List (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) 1. Most people get HIV by having unprotected sex with a person who is infected. The virus may also be spread through contaminated blood and from mothers to babies during childbirth and pregnancy. There are no documented cases of HIV being transmitted by saliva. 2. A person first contracts HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV becomes AIDS when the immune system is seriously damaged. 3. AIDS weakens the body’s immune system. Most people with AIDS die from colds or pneumonia-like illnesses.
Facts Continued….. 4. It may take years for symptoms to appear. Some people get fevers, headaches, sore muscles and joints; most people think it is the flu. HIV positive people can spread the disease, even if they don’t have symptoms. 5. There is no cure for AIDS. 6. ARV’s (Antiretroviral = Medicine) – Help to treat the AIDS virus. – Are expensive; many people cannot afford them.
AIDS/HIV in Africa 7. AIDS became an epidemic in the 1970’s and is expected to continue spreading at an increased rate. 8. Sub-Saharan Africa is the most infected region in the world. Sub-Saharan Africa has 70% of ALL HIV/AIDS cases in the world. 9. South Africa has the largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the world 5.6 million people infected. 10.IN 2012: 1.6 million NEW HIV/AIDS infections 1.2 million deaths 3.2 million children are living with the diease 49 is the average life expectency for many sub-saharan countries
AIDS/HIV in the U.S. The rates of infection in the United States are 40% higher than had been estimated for the past decade. The new estimates show that there are 56,000 new HIV infections each year in the U.S. (August 2008)
The AFFECTS on a country AIDS negatively affects the economies of highly-infected countries because: – Fewer workers – Money is being spent to help treat the virus rather than being spent to develop the country’s infrastructure and economy – Orphans must be taken care of and helped by the government – It overwhelms the health care industry
Why Africa? Economics & Politics – No development of the colonies – Poverty – Migrant workers Education – Teachers are sick there is no school (30% of teachers in Zambia are infected). – 12,000 students in one country cannot go to school because there is no teacher. – Kids cannot go to school because they have to take care of their sick family members. Gender – There is not equal rights for women in Africa. (Men have the power) – Women are second-class citizens. – Follow customary laws. – Girls are pulled from school to help care for family members (grow up without an education) Lack of Health Care – Expensive drugs to prolong life ($17,000 a year) – Average income is $300.00 – Corrupt leaders – Lack of doctors Nutrition & Food – Lack of ability to grow food or to buy food because they are sick. – 80% of people in Africa are subsistence farmers. – Good nutrition = good health – Choose crops that are easy to grow but has no nutrients. – Forced to sell possessions because they have to buy food or medicines. WAR – 50% of soldiers in Rwanda were infected with HIV. – After the war – 1,000’s of women were infected.
What should the U.S role be to combat AIDS worldwide?
What is the U.S. doing to help? In 2010 - 1 billion dollar annual loans to finance the purchase of AIDS drugs & medical services to African countries. U.S. is trying to get drug manufactures to release AIDS drugs to be reproduced cheaper so African families can afford them. Providing an education to African countries.
How will AIDS affect Botswana’s population pyramid in 2050?
AIDS ASSESSMENT 1.Where in the world is HIV/AIDS most widespread? 2.What type of population pyramid would you expect from a country with high HIV/AIDS infection rate? 3.What is one problem faced by countries with high HIV/AIDS infection rates?
Watch PBS News Hour: AIDS Orphans in South Africa AIDS Orphans in South Africa 1. On average, how many South Africans contract HIV/AIDS per day? 2. Why do you think the 15+ million AIDS orphans are called the “Lost Generation?” 3. Why do you think South Africa’s Health Minister compares the impact of HIV/AIDS with war? 4. How does AIDS affect individuals, families, communities, and countries?