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Sources of Thermal Energy Where does it come from?

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Presentation on theme: "Sources of Thermal Energy Where does it come from?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sources of Thermal Energy Where does it come from?

2 What is an energy source? An object or material that can transfer its energy to other objects. Ex. Electricity and Natural Gas are energy sources for most of our heating and cooking.

3 Law of Conservation of Energy Energy can’t be created or destroyed….IT IS TRANSFERRED FROM ONE SOURCE TO ANOTHER. Therefore, what are some of the sources of our THERMAL ENERGY or HEAT? Ask 1 student around you

4 Chemical Energy Humans have used Chemical Energy for years, even better we knew anything about it. ie Cave dwellers collected wood and transferred stored CHEMICAL ENERGY into THERMAL ENERGY when they had fires to keep warm. Where do we use Chemical Energy now to release Thermal Energy?

5 Electrical Energy Electricity is produced in many ways….Can you think of some? HYDROELECTRIC POWER

6 Mechanical Forces

7 Make a Fire using Mechanical Forces Bow Drill Fire Starter

8 Geothermal Energy Energy that we Harness from the Earth’s interior is called GEOTHERMAL ENERGY Volcanoes, Hot Springs, Geysers How a Geyser works

9 How do we use it? GeoThermal Energy Plant

10 Solar Energy How do we use Solar Energy? How do we use the ENERGY FROM THE SUN to our advantage….Think of 5 Ways and Write them below. 1 2 3 4 5

11 Disadvantages? Sun not always shining ie cloudy days Sun doesn’t shine at night Sun doesn’t shine often in the winter…..with shorter days.

12 Ways to Overcome it Passive Solar Heating Passive solar heating uses the materials in the structure to absorb, store, and release solar energy. For example, a home that uses passive solar heating might have a wall of windows on the south side of the house. The remaining exterior walls are well insulated and have few windows. Energy from the Sun is absorbed by materials such as concrete in the floor or water in a storage tank. During the night, this stored energy is released and warms the air in the house.

13 Passive Solar Heating

14 Active Solar Heating USING the Sun’s Energy with DEVICES ie Solar Cells and Panels Active solar heating systems involve fairly complex mechanical systems and devices called solar collectors. These collectors, usually on the roof or the south side of a building, contain water or air. The Sun heats the water or air, which is then pumped through the building by the mechanical parts of the system.

15 Check out this Solar System! Hot Water Tank

16 Wind Energy Energy of Moving Air Wind energy is a result of solar energy. As the Sun heats the air, the warmer air rises and cools off. Cooler air falls, creating a convection current. These currents, on a global basis, form our wind systems.

17 Wind Energy in Alberta Wind Energy in Alberta is increasing as a source of renewable energy for Albertans and Canadians. How do Turbines Work

18 Conservation of Energy Which of the ideas that we have discussed are positive/negative for the environment? List them below POSITIVE NEGATIVE

19 Canada’s Energy Production Canada's Energy IQ Where do we get our energy from? Alberta Ontario British Columbia PEI

20 Fossil Fuels What are they? How do they form? p. 246 Textbook

21 Problems Canadians are among the highest producers of greenhouse gases (per person) in the world. Canada’s physical size, small population, and fairly cold climate mean that materials have to be transported over large distances. Our energy use produces many economic benefits for ourselves and other countries. It also contributes to global warming. Global Warming

22 One way to Try to Recycle Heat Cogeneration Engines in cars, trucks, trains, and aircraft, and furnaces in buildings, generating stations, and large industries, get hot. They release a lot of thermal energy into the environment. This accidental warming of the environment is called thermal pollution. Cogeneration uses this waste heat to generate electricity or heat buildings, or do other useful tasks. New York City University

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