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CODEX ALIMENTARIUS INTERNATIONAL FOOD STANDARDS Tom Heilandt, Codex Secretariat C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S.

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Presentation on theme: "CODEX ALIMENTARIUS INTERNATIONAL FOOD STANDARDS Tom Heilandt, Codex Secretariat C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S."— Presentation transcript:

1 CODEX ALIMENTARIUS INTERNATIONAL FOOD STANDARDS Tom Heilandt, Codex Secretariat C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S

2 Governments establish food safety policies, food safety regulations and standards and control systems to assure that national food safety goals are met. All operators in the food chain have direct responsibility for ensuring the safety of food. Consumers play a role beyond safe handling of food: their choices and concerns influence decisions of government and the food industry. C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S Food safety is a shared responsibility

3 WTO SPS and TBT Agreements. SPS agreement specifically refers to Codex standards: – reference for food safety in international trade – calls for harmonisation of national standards with Codex as an important strategy for facilitating trade. – stricter standards as compared with the corresponding Codex standard must be justified on the basis of science. C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S Food safety and quality in international trade

4 185 members C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S 204 observers Since 1963 FAO/WHO Codex Alimentarius Commission

5 To protect the health of consumers To ensure fair practices in the food trade To promote coordination of all food standards work of IGOs and NGOs, and to develop the Codex Alimentarius C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S

6 Standards, guidelines and codes of practice Structure and process for governments and organizations to find solutions and to harmonize rules A RESULT A FORUM

7 C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S -Voluntary -Reference in the WTO SPS agreement -100% Member driven -Inclusive and transparent -Based on science -By consensus (usually)

8 Aditivos Alimentarios (China) Contaminantes de los Alimentos (Países Bajos) Higiene de los Alimentos (Estados Unidos) Food Labelling (Canada) Residuos de Plaguicidas (China) Residuos de Medicamentos Veterinarios en los Alimentos (Estados Unidos) Horizontal/ general Committees Vertical/commodity Committees Milk and Milk Products (New Zealand) Processed Fruits and Vegetables (United States) Fish and Fishery Products (Norway) Fresh Fruits and Vegetables (Mexico) Fats and Oils (Malaysia) Cereals, Pulses and Legumes (United States) Vegetable Proteins (Canada) Natural Mineral Waters (Switzerland) Cocoa Products and Chocolate (Switzerland) Ad-hoc intergovernmental task forces Foods derived from Biotechnology (Japan) Antimicrobial Resistance (Republic of Korea) Processing and Handling of Quick Frozen Foods (Thailand) Africa (Cameroon) Asia (Japan) Europe (Poland) Latin America and the Caribbean (Costa Rica) Near East (Lebanon) North America and South West Pacific (Papua New Guinnee) Executive Committee Secretariat Codex Alimentarius Commission Import and Export Inspection and Certification Systems (Australia) active adjourned sine die Fruit Juices (Brazil) Animal Feeding (Switzerland) dissolved active General Principles (France) Food Additives (China) Contaminants in Foods (Netherlands) Food Hygiene (United States) Pesticide Residues (China) Residues of Veterinary Drugs in Foods (United States) Nutrition and Foods for Special Dietary Uses (Germany) Methods of Analysis and Sampling (Hungary) FAO/WHO Coordinating Committees Sugars (Colombia) Meat hygiene (New Zealand)

9 Discussion paper S 1 S 8 Proposed draft standard Project document S2 drafting S3 consultation S4 discussion/ drafting S6 consultation S7 discussion/ drafting Codex standard Executive Committee (critical review) Committee or Task Force – existing or new Commission (adoption) S 5/5A Committee Draft standard consultation Endorsement by general committees Hold at Step 8 Needs assessment, development of a project Decisio n Drafting, consultation, discussion, redrafting Consultation, discussion, redrafting, endorsement Decisio n

10 C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S Speed of standard development Remaining inclusive and transparent Finding consensus in a heterogeneous membership Participation of developing countries Private standards ISSUES

11 Codex Achievements: hundreds of commodity standards thousands of maximum residue limits (pesticides, veterinary drugs) thousands of food additive provisions guidance to prevent or reduce contamination risk analysis e.g. GM foods HACCP … C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S

12 “We have a wealth of experience, but we don't have all the answers. We must look around us for fresh ideas. If we only look inwards, we will be a stagnant organization.” (FAO DG Graziano da Silva in his first address to FAO staff) C O D E X A L I M E N T A R I U S

13 Thank you!


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