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SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS FAMILY. FAMILY STRUCTURES DEFINING FAMILY -Family – a group of people related by marriage blood, or adoption -Family of orientation.

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Presentation on theme: "SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS FAMILY. FAMILY STRUCTURES DEFINING FAMILY -Family – a group of people related by marriage blood, or adoption -Family of orientation."— Presentation transcript:



3 DEFINING FAMILY -Family – a group of people related by marriage blood, or adoption -Family of orientation -Family of procreation -Marriage – a legal union based on mutual rights and obligations

4 BASIC FAMILY TYPES Nuclear Extended

5 LOCATION – WHERE WILL COUPLES LIVE? Patrilocal Matrilocal Neolocal

6 Monogamy Polygamy Polygyny Polyandry FORMS OF MARRIAGE

7 Patrilineal Matrilineal Bilateral WHO INHERITS?

8 WHO IS IN AUTHORITY? Patriarchy Matriarchy Equalitarian

9 ASSIGNMENT Find pictures online to illustrate each key term in your group. Email the pictures to Create a short skit to illustrate your topics. You will have 15 minutes to complete these tasks.



12  Love  Advancement  Conformity  Pressure Largely American

13  Race  Class  Religion  Education  Proximity You will probably marry someone similar to you in most of the categories.

14 Factors% Decrease in Divorce Risk Annual income over $50,000 (vs. under $25,000) -30 Having a baby seven months or more after marriage (vs. before marriage) -24 Marrying over 25 years of age (vs. under 18) -24 Own family of origin intact (vs. divorced parents) -14 Religious affiliation (vs. none) -14 Some college (vs. high-school dropout) -13

15  Marriage Rate  # of marriages per year for every 1,000 people  1946: 16.0  1990: 9.8  2009: 6.8  Divorce Rate  # of divorces per year for every 1,000 people  1960: 2.2  1990: 4.7  2009: 3.4

16 OPTIMISTIC OUTLOOK  Avg. age of 1 st marriage increasing  Avg. age of population increasing  Couples having fewer children PESSIMISTIC OUTLOOK  Read the Economist Article  Out-of-wedlock birth rates are soaring.  Marriage rates are falling.  Marriage promotion isn’t working.



19 T HE NATURE OF THE AMERICAN FAMILY Nuclear Bilateral Democratic Neolocal Monogamous

20 C HANGES IN MARRIAGE AND FAMILY Blended families – when one of the partners in marriage has been married before and has a child from the previous marriage Challenges within blended families Money difficulties Stepchildren’s antagonism Unclear roles

21 C HANGES IN MARRIAGE AND FAMILY Single-parent families 25% of American families compared with 14% globally Women head the vast majority Courts are more sensitive to women Women are abandoned by fathers more often Decrease in stigma of unwed mothers – more women choosing to be single parents Effects on children 28% of children live with one parent Adolescents with higher rates of deviance Finding income and good childcare is often difficult for single parents.

22 C HANGES IN MARRIAGE AND FAMILY Childless marriages 20% of couples Increasing due to career goals of women Moral issues about raising children in an immoral world Dual-employed marriages Women bare the burden of housework and career Allows self-expression for women More money Sharing work experiences

23 C HANGES IN M ARRIAGE AND FAMILY Cohabitation 25% of adults have cohabitated Only about 25% of cohabitating couples stay together for more than four years. Associated with higher risk of divorce Same-Sex Domestic Partners 6% of American households Single Life Increase of 61% since 1960 Stigma decrease Careers Expand “freedom”

24 C HANGES IN MARRIAGE AND FAMILY Boomerang Kids 26% of adults ages 18 – 44 live with their parents Marrying later Cost of living Costs of children puts financial strain on older parents No privacy or empty nesting


26  Everything in society has a purpose  5 Functions of the Family  Socialization  Physical / Emotional Support  Regulating Sexual Activity  Status  Economic Support

27 Domestic Violence Quiz

28  Wife battering is a predominantly lower class phenomenon.  False. Women in families on lower class incomes are more likely to come to the notice of helping agencies because wealthy women tend to hide their injuries. Research shows no socioeconomic barriers to domestic violence. Question 1

29  Wife battering occurs more often in some ethnic groups than others.  False. Spouse abuse can manifest itself in any society where there is an unequal power imbalance between men and women, regardless of ethnicity. Question 2

30  Alcohol is the main cause of domestic violence.  False. Alcohol may trigger but is not the major cause of domestic violence. “Being under the influence” at the time of the assault may provide the perpetrator with what he feels to be an excuse for his behavior, however. Question 3

31  Women who are battered must be crazy or neurotic.  False. Studies have shown that women in violent relationships are no more psychologically disturbed than other women. Behavior that we might consider crazy are often tactics adopted by battered women to survive a life- threatening situation. Question 4

32  Once a battered women, always a battered woman.  False. Most women who have successfully managed to escape a violent relationship are very careful to choose a different type of relationship the next time. Question 5

33  ¼ of adults report abuse as children  1 in 4 girls report sexual aggression  1 in 10 boys  4 million women report battery each year  4,000 die each year  1/3 of husbands report acting violently  9 million children suffer neglect annually Domestic (Family) Violence

34 “Couples who are seeking marriage should be required to take and pass a class on marriage and family before they are issued a marriage license.”



37  Competition between members  Male vs. Female  Male dominance  Parents vs. Children  Struggle for independence  Women = Unpaid Laborers  Undervalued

38  Learn how to act through interaction  Children watch parents interact   Learn what is expected  Create a self-image, personality  Good experiences  Healthy development

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