Presentation on theme: "An LSCC Learning Center Self-Paced Tutorial"— Presentation transcript:
1 An LSCC Learning Center Self-Paced Tutorial PARTSOFSPEECH:NOUNS andPronounsAn LSCC Learning CenterSelf-Paced Tutorial
2 What are the Parts of Speech? Let’s review the various categories of words that make up the English language.They are:Nouns VerbsPronouns AdverbsAdjectives ArticlesPrepositions ConjunctionsInterjectionsThe good news is – this is the entire list!The bad news is - many of these categorieshave multiple subgroups.
3 Nouns and PronounsToday we are going to focus on these two grammar elements.FACTNouns and pronouns are theonly two parts of speech thatcan be used as the subject ofa sentence.
4 Nouns Nouns name a person, place or thing: JAMES (person) SLIDE (thing)PLAYGROUND(place)
5 Types of Nouns Proper Noun Common Noun Abstract Noun Collective Noun JamesCommon NounslideAbstract NounloveCollective Nounteam
6 Plural Forms of NounsSome nouns add “S” or “ES” to form the plural. These are called regular nouns.car / cars match / matchesSome nouns change completely. These are called irregular nouns.goose / geese mouse / miceSome nouns are singular but seem to be plural.These are called collective nouns.team jury groupMy favorite team is playing tonight.
7 Pronouns Pronouns Kinds of Pronouns Subjective Relative Objective Pro means “for” so a pronoun is a word that is used in place of or stands for a noun.Kinds of PronounsSubjectiveRelativeObjectiveInterrogativePossessiveDemonstrativeReflexiveIntensive
8 PronounsFACTThe noun that a pronoun replaces is called the antecedent. This term combines two Latin words that mean “comes before.” The noun always comes before the pronoun.James is my little brother. He loves to play video games.
9 Kinds of Pronouns I * My You Your He His She Her It Its We Our Subjective case pronouns replace a subject.I * MyYou YourHe HisShe HerIt ItsWe OurYou YourThey Their*Possessive forms accompany the noun they represent in a sentence:My car is parked on the corner.
10 Kinds of Pronouns Me *Mine You Yours Him His Her Hers It Its Us Ours Objective case pronouns replace a noun used as an object.Me *MineYou YoursHim HisHer HersIt ItsUs OursThem Theirs*These possessive forms may stand alone in a sentence:The car that is parked on the corner is mine.
11 Kinds of Pronouns Reflexive Relative Interrogative Demonstrative Myself That Who ThisYourself Which Whose ThatHimself Who What TheseHerself Whom Whom ThoseItself Whose WhichOurselvesYourselvesThemselves
12 Kinds of Pronouns Reflexive Looks back to an earlier noun or pronoun: James completed the project by himself.Relative Helps define properties of a noun or pronoun:The house that was built in burned down.
13 Kinds of Pronouns Who called you after class today? Interrogative Asks a question:Who called you after class today?Demonstrative Points out something or someone:That is a really good picture of you.
14 Kinds of Pronouns Indefinite Singular Plural All Another Anything Anybody Few None Something EverybodySome One Everything SomebodyBoth Everyone Nothing NobodyMost Someone Much EitherMany No one Such NeitherMore Anyone Each OtherSeveral
15 Kinds of PronounsPlural Indefinite – means some undetermined number: Some of the students were interested in taking a biology course.Singular Indefinite – means one of a group of people or things, but not one specifically:Anyone could have taken that course.
16 Kinds of Pronouns Singular Indefinite Clues that the pronoun is singular:Begins with any or everyEnds in one or body
17 PronounsEither and neither are singular. The logical meaning is that you are examining the antecedents one at a time:Two dogs live on my street. Antecedent = dogs Neither dog likes cats.
18 Pronouns Some final thoughts: Pronouns must agree with antecedents. A student must be careful to record his or her scores. (student is singular, needs singular his and her)Students can turn in their papers any time today.(students isplural, thereforetheir is correct)
19 Pronouns Some more final thoughts: Who or whom? When to use which one: The easy way to test for who and whom is to replace them with he/she or him/her.If he is correct, use whoIf him is correct, use whom.
20 PRONOUNS Even more final thoughts: Don’t let compounds confuse your use of I and me:Eliminate the extra words to check:My dad took James and I to the game. (?)My dad took --- I to the game. (NO!)My dad took James and me to the game. (YES!)
21 Nouns and Pronouns If you want more information about this topic: Meet with your instructorVisit the Learning CenterGo online to the Purdue OWL