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Subject pronouns & Verb “ser”

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1 Subject pronouns & Verb “ser”
A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. “SER” is our verb for “to be” At the end of this lesson, you will be able to use and recognize subject pronouns and the conjugations of the verb “ser” to describe yourself and others.

2 What is a pronoun? It’s a word used instead of a noun (or a phrase containing a noun) Example: `He', `it', `who', and `anything' are pronouns. When the pronoun is the subject (the person doing the action) of the sentence, it is called a Subject Pronoun. Example: Bob is swimming. He is swimming. Subject Subject Pronoun

3 What are the English subject pronouns?
Singular Plural 1st person I We 2nd person You (You all) 3rd person He, She, It They

4 English subject pronouns and their Spanish equivalents
Spanish subject pronouns are similar to English, but there are some differences. Singular Plural 1st person I = Yo We = nosotros (m) Nosotras (f) 2nd person You (familiar) = tú You (plural, familiar) = vosotros vosotras 3rd person He = él She = ella You (formal) = Usted (Ud.) They (m) = Ellos They (f) = Ellas You guys (plural) = Ustedes (Uds.)

5 Differences – YOU: Tú vs. Usted
Each one has a specific time when it used. If you use the wrong one, it can be offensive to the person with whom you are speaking. Tú = you (informal/familiar) Use “tú” when talking to people with whom you are on a first name basis. friends family small children people younger than you pets Usted (Ud.) = you (formal) Use “Usted” when talking with people to whom you should show respect. People in authority (police, teachers, bosses, etc.) Strangers Acquaintances Adults

6 Verb Ser As you noticed in our first PowerPoint, you already used many of these. Él es alto. – He is tall. Ella es morena. – She is dark-haired. Yo soy atletico. – I am athletic. So we know that “El” “Ella” & “Yo” are subject pronouns. So what are “es” & “soy”? These are our Spanish forms of “to be” in a sentence. (I am, you are, he/she is, etc)

7 Verb Ser These are all different forms of the verb “ser”. “Ser” means “to be”. Just like in English, it takes a different form based on the subject. This is called verb conjugation: For example: Yo soy = I am Ella es = she is Ellos son = They are Just like in English, you wouldn’t say “I is funny”. It would be wrong. So in Spanish, we also need to use the right word also.

8 Make sure you copy these to your notes!
Verb Ser Here are the conjugations of the verb “ser” Yo soy Tú eres Él/Ella/Usted es Nosotros somos Vosotros sois Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes son Make sure you copy these to your notes!

9 Verb Ser Now that you know the subject pronouns and verb “ser”, you can make complete setences to describe yourself and others. Examples: Nosotros somos cómicos. – We are funny. Ellas son perezosas – They are lazy. Yo soy alta y bonita – I am tall and beautiful. José es bajo. José is short. Anita y Juana son inteligentes. – Anita and Juana are intelligent.

10 Ser & Subject Pronouns Be careful with which form of “ser” to use. Sometimes, we have to determine which subject pronoun would fit. For example, the last sentence was “Anita y Juana son inteligentes” We know that we are talking about “Anita y Juana”, so we would replace their names with “they”, or “ellas” to use a subject pronoun. Therefore, since we know that, we can determine that our “ellas” form of “ser” is “son”.

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