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Investment Vocabulary. Appreciation O An increase in the basic value of an investment.

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Presentation on theme: "Investment Vocabulary. Appreciation O An increase in the basic value of an investment."— Presentation transcript:

1 Investment Vocabulary

2 Appreciation O An increase in the basic value of an investment

3 Depreciation O A decrease in the basic value of an investment

4 Bear Market O A market characterized by generally falling prices over a period of several months or years

5 Blue Chip O Common stock of a company known nationally for the quality of it’s products and it’s profitability

6 Bond O Certificate representing a loan of money to a corporation or government for a specific period, in exchange for a promise to repay the bondholder the amount borrowed plus interest.

7 Broker O A representative who handles transactions related to investor’s order to buy and sell securities.

8 Bull Market O A market characterized by generally rising prices over a period of several months or years.

9 Capital Gain O The gain obtained when a security is sold for more than the purchase price.

10 Capital Loss O The loss incurred when a security is sold for less than it’s purchase price.

11 Caveat Emtpor O Latin Phrase meaning, “Let the buyer beware”

12 CFP O Certified Financial Planner O An individual who has completed the education requirements of the International Board of Certified Financial Planners

13 CFTC O Commodity Futures Trading Commission O The federal regulatory agency that monitors the futures and options market

14 Commission O A broker’s or adviser’s fee charged for buying or selling securities for an investor.

15 Common Stock O The most basic form of corporation ownership. Owners of common stock have a claim on the assets of a company after those of preferred stockholders and bondholders.

16 Compound Interest O Interest earned on interest that is added to the principal.

17 Discount O Sale of a bond at a price less than face value

18 Diversification O Spreading investment funds among different types of investments and industries

19 Dividend O Payment received by stockholders from the earnings of a corporation

20 DJIA O Dow Jones Industrial Average O Price-weighted average of actively traded stocks

21 Face Value O The amount the bond is worth when it matures.

22 FDIC O Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation O An agency of the federal government created to guarantee bank deposits

23 Financial Planner O A person who advises others about financial issues. This person may need to be registered as an investment adviser if he/she provides investment advice for a fee.

24 Futures Contract O A legal commitment to buy or sell a commodity at a specific future date and price.

25 Hedging O The process of protecting an investment against price increases.

26 Inflation Risk O The risk that the financial return on an investment will lose purchasing power due to a general rise in prices of goods and services.

27 Insider Trading O The illegal use of investment information not generally known to the public.

28 Interest O For the investor, interest is the payment received from a financial institution for lending money to it.

29 IRA O Individual Retirement Account O A tax-defrred savings account

30 Liquidity O The ease with which an investment can be converted into cash.

31 Load Fund O A mutual fund purchased directly by the public that charges a sales commission when bought.

32 Market Risk O The risk that the price of stocks, real estate, or other investments will go down due to business cycles or other causes.

33 Mutual Fund O A company that invests the pooled money of its shareholders in various types of investments.

34 NASAA O North American Securities Administrators Association O An organization of securities administrators charged with enforcing securities laws and protecting investors from fraudulent investments.

35 No Load Fund O A mutual fund purchased directly by the public and does not have a charge for buying.

36 Odd Lot O A unit of less than 100 shares of stock

37 P/E Ratio O The price of a stock divided by per share earnings for a 12 month period

38 Penny Stocks O High risk stocks that generally sell for less than $3 and are not listed and traded on any exchange or stock market. O (Con Artists often deal in Penny Stock frauds)

39 Ponzi Scheme O An illegal investment scam named for its inventor, Charles Ponzi.

40 Portfolio O The total investments held by an individual

41 Preferred Stock O Ownership in a corporation that has a claim on assets and earnings of a company before those of common stockholders but after bondholders.

42 ROI O Return on Investment O A performance measure used to evaluate the efficiency of an investment or to compare the efficiency of a number of different investments. To calculate ROI, the benefit (return) of an investment is divided by the cost of the investment; the result is expressed as a percentage or a ratio.

43 Risk O In an investment, the uncertainty that you will get an expected return. O In insurance, the uncertainty whether a loss will occur.

44 Risk Tolerance O A person’s capacity to endure market price swings in an investment. O Risk tolerance is an important component in investing. An individual should have a realistic understanding of his or her ability and willingness to stomach large swings in the value of his or her investments.

45 Round Lot O 100 Shares of one stock

46 Securities O A broad range of investments instruments, including stocks, bonds, and mutual funds.

47 SEC O Securities and Exchange Commission O A federal agency established to license brokerage firms and regulate the securities industry.

48 Stock O An investment that represents ownership of a company

49 Tax Exempt Investments O Investments not subject to tax on income earned.

50 Time Value of Money O An increase in the amount of money over time as a result of investment earnings.

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