Presentation on theme: "Definitions, Characteristics, and what keeps us from anarchy!"— Presentation transcript:
1 Definitions, Characteristics, and what keeps us from anarchy! What is government?Definitions, Characteristics, and what keeps us from anarchy!
2 GovernmentAn institution in which a society makes and enforces its public policiesPublic policies are everything that a government decides to do.Ex:Government is made up of people who exercise its power (those with authority and control over people)
3 3 Powers of Every Government Legislative PowerMake lawsExecutive PowerExecute, enforce, and administer lawsJudicial PowerInterpret laws, determine their meaning, and settle disputesA constitution is the set of laws that lay forth the principles and structure of government
4 The State Not one of the 50 U.S. states, but an entity with 4 parts 1. Population (group of people within…)2. Territory (defined area, with recognized borders in which the population lives)3. Government4. Sovereignty (Government has absolute power without any outside interference)Think of most any nation in the world*
5 How did we form governments? The Force TheoryThe Evolution TheoryThe Divine Right TheoryThe Social Contract Theory
6 The Force TheoryAn individual or group claimed control over a territory and forced the population to submit.The state became sovereign, and those in control formed the government.
7 Evolution Theory Population formed out of primitive families. The heads of the families became the government.When those families settled in one territory and claimed it as their own, they became a sovereign state
8 The Divine Right Theory God created the state, making it sovereign.The government is made up of those selected by God to rule the territory.The people (population) must obey their ruler.
9 The Social Contract Theory The population in a given place (territory) gave up as much power to a government as needed to promote the well being of all.In doing so, they created a sovereign state.
10 The Purpose of Government We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
11 Huh? Form a More Perfect Union Establish Justice We are stronger if we are one (That’s why it had to be written!)Establish JusticeHard to define a concept; the law must be reasonable, fair, and impartial.Insure Domestic TranquilityOrder; keep the peaceProvide for the Common DefenseDefend against foreign enemiesPromote the General WelfareServe the most amount of people for the benefit of all; do things individuals can’t/won’t doSecure the Blessings of LibertyFreedom, but not unlimited