Presentation on theme: "Analyzing Causes and Effects: Health and Medicine"— Presentation transcript:
1 Analyzing Causes and Effects: Health and Medicine 9Analyzing Causes and Effects: Health and Medicine
2 Learning OutcomesIdentify real world applications for explaining causes and effectsUnderstand the steps for writing cause and effect analysisInterpret images and readings about health and medicine.
3 Steps for Writing Cause and Effect Essays (LO 9.2) Begin by identifying the cause or effect you want to analyze.Explain the cause-and-effect relationship convincingly.Organize the causes and/or effects effectively.Use sound logic.Conclude effectively.
4 The Rhetorical Star (LO 9.4) SubjectSelect a topic that is narrow enough to cover within the assignment guidelines.For a shorter paper, you may need to focus on causes OR effects, instead of both.
5 The Rhetorical Star (contd.) PurposeDetermine what you want to accomplish.Decide if you are informing, persuading, or expressing feelings.
6 The Rhetorical Star (contd.) AudienceDetermine who your audience will be.Select the details that will be most important to the audience.
7 The Rhetorical Star (contd.) StrategyFocus on the main approach of cause and/or effect.Combine other strategies if necessary to make your point.
8 The Rhetorical Star (contd.) DesignKnow how you want the essay to look when you are finished.Decide if graphics, photographs, or illustrations are needed to clarify ideas.
9 Applying the Writing Process (LO 9.5) DiscoveringUse the media suggestions in the chapter to help find a subject.Consider a subject with which you have personal experience.Create a chart of causes and effects to determine what you want to cover.
10 Applying the Writing Process (contd.) PlanningCreate a cluster or outline to help you organize your ideas.Follow one of the organizational strategies for your essay:The effects of a major causeThe causes for a major effectA chain of events that illustrate the cause or effect
11 Applying the Writing Process (contd.) ComposingWrite a first draft of your essay.Don’t focus on grammar and punctuation.Keep focused on the causes or effects you are trying to explain.
12 Applying the Writing Process (contd.) Getting FeedbackHave a peer read your draftUse the peer review questions to gather feedback from your reviewer.Get a second opinion, if possible.
13 Applying the Writing Process (contd.) RevisingRevise your essay based upon the feedback you receive.Make sure your essay is logical and has fully supported ideas.Add, delete, and rearrange ideas as necessary.
14 Applying the Writing Process (contd.) EditingRead your essay one more time.Look for errors in grammar, punctuation, and mechanics.Consider reading your essay aloud to listen for word choice and sentence structure.
15 Applying the Writing Process (contd.) ProofreadingRead your essay at least one more time.Check for typographical errors or other issues that could interfere with the reader’s understanding of the essay.