The Reading & Writing Connection Reading & Writing ◦Operate on two levels Literal level: words and what they say Critical level: words and what they suggest Essay ◦A relatively short piece of writing that may serve one or more purposes: Inform, entertain, persuade, or express an idea, feeling, or impression
The Reading & Writing Connection To Read an Essay ◦Build background before reading ◦Read actively ◦Review after reading Reading enables us to explore ideas and develop our writing topics. The more good writing we read, the better our own writing becomes!
Direction of Development Intro Builds a reader’s interest, clarifies writer’s purpose, & provides background info of topic Thesis Statement A sentence that states the writer’s opinion of the topic Support Evidence (main ideas & specific details) is presented to support & explain thesis Conclusion Provokes a response from readers
Take Control of the Writing Process Readiness stage Use prewriting strategies Prewriting Exploratory Stage Write a first draft Drafting & Organizing Revision stage Improve your essay Rewriting
Find Your Voice Be a critical thinker! Critical thinking is unhurried, deep thinking. Critical thinking is logical, analytical, purposeful, active, and self-reflective thinking. Be a creative thinker! Creative thinking is nonlinear and inventive. “Think outside the box.”
Find Your Voice Be a critical thinker! Find a purpose for writing. Define your audience. Write an outline. Choose an organizational pattern. Analyze your topic. Be a creative thinker! Choose a topic that challenges you. Question your assumptions. Write an engaging intro. Imagine yourself as part of the audience. Select words to create vivid images. Take intellectual risks.