Presentation on theme: "Aim # : The Cardiovascular System"— Presentation transcript:
1 Aim # : The Cardiovascular System Do Now: How does your heart rate change? Why would your heart rate change as you sleep, walk to class, ride a roller coaster, run a marathon?
2 The cardiovascular system Cardio means heartVascular means vesselIncludes your heart, blood, vessels
3 Types of Blood VesselsArteries – moves blood away from the heart.Veins – moves blood to the heart. Has valves.Capillaries – microscopic blood vessels that connect arteries to veins. One cell thick.Blood Pressure – the force blood exerts on the walls of the vessels
4 Cardiovascular Disease Atherosclerosis – fatty deposits on arterial walls. Clogged arteries doesn’t allow blood to flow properlyHypertension – high blood pressure
5 Heart Has four chambers 2 Upper chambers Right Atrium Left Atrium 2 Lower chambersRight VentricleLeft VentricleUpper and lower chambers are separated by valves – doors that open and close to prevent and allow blood flow between chambers
6 What happens during a heart beat? Both atria contract at the same timeValves openBlood flows intoventriclesBoth ventriclescontract at thesame timeBlood is pumped intoaorta andpulmonary artery
7 Why does your heart beat? Moves oxygen and nutrients to cellsRemoves carbon dioxide and other wastesfrom cellsThe exchange happens through diffusionWhere does the exchange occur?Flood flows from the heart, to the lungs and back to the heart
8 1. Blood, high in carbon dioxide and low in oxygen, returns from the body to the heart. It enters the right atrium through the vena cava.2. The right atrium contacts, forcing the blood into the right ventricle.3. When the right ventricle contracts, the blood leaves the heart and goes through the pulmonary artery to the lungs. Here carbon dioxide diffuses out of the blood and oxygen diffuses into the blood.
9 4. Oxygen rich blood travels through the pulmonary vein and into the left atrium. The pulmonary veins are the only veins to carry oxygen rich blood.5. The left atrium contracts and forces the blood into the left ventricle.6.The left ventricle contracts, forcing the blood out of the heart and into the aorta.
10 Systemic Circulation – moves oxygen rich blood to all organs and body tissues (except heart and lungs)Coronary Circulation – the flow of blood to tissues of the heart (has its own blood vessels)
12 FunctionThe main function of the respiratory system is to breathe and acquire oxygen, as well as to get rid of carbon dioxide .
13 Breathing A process whereby fresh air moves into and stale air moves out of lungs
14 Path of Air 1) Mouth or nose 2) Pharynx – Nose has cilia hairs or mucus to trap dust andother particles2) Pharynx –back of mouth2 tubes(back tube=esophagusFront tube=trachea)
15 5) Trachea 3) Epiglottis- *flap that stops food from entering airway 4) Larynx (voice box)*flexible bands of tissue-*the bands vibrate when we speak, sing or whisper.5) Trachea*tube through which air travels toward lungs12 cm long,*C-shaped rings of cartilage
16 6) Bronchi*2 short branches at end of trachea*Each bronchi extends to a lung7) Bronchioles-*bronchi branch into smaller and smaller tubes called bronchioles
17 8) Alveoli At end of each bronchiole Tiny clusters of THIN sacs that can expand and contractCapillaries surround alveoli to carry CO2 out of the blood and bring Oxygen to the blood
20 Blood is a tissue Adults have 5 Liters Functions Carries oxygen from lungs to all parts of the bodyRemoves carbon dioxide at lungs through exhalingCarries waste products to kidneysTransports nutrientsMaterials in blood help fight infectionsHelps heal wounds