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Metacompetence and repair Examples. repair metacompetence Velar nasal 1) Produce Polish words e.g. ręka, bank, gang, angielski, pielęgniarka, punkt 2)

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Presentation on theme: "Metacompetence and repair Examples. repair metacompetence Velar nasal 1) Produce Polish words e.g. ręka, bank, gang, angielski, pielęgniarka, punkt 2)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Metacompetence and repair Examples

2 repair metacompetence Velar nasal 1) Produce Polish words e.g. ręka, bank, gang, angielski, pielęgniarka, punkt 2) Produce English words e.g. longer, stronger, younger / g/ 3) Remove the context of a velar plosive and produce it only mentally /lo + g /, stron + ger 1) / / - velar nasal - articulatory description 2) CA: Polish – different distribution, produced only before velar consonants /k/ /g/, always / k/ lub / g/ e.g. ręka [r ka], bank, gang, angielski, pielęgniarka, punkt

3 repair metacompetence 4. Divide nonsense words into syllables e.g. king - /ki - g /, tongue - /t - g / 5. Produce the second element only mentally 3. Memory peg: 'car racing' sound, kinaesthetic feedback

4 repair metacompetence Aspiration 1. Produce Polish sentences being irritated e.g.No który, który ?! [kt u:r ] Tylko on ![t lk ] Kto to tutaj tak tupie ?! 2. Code-switch into English e.g. Tim told me that terrible tale. Pass the pepper will you please. 1. Articulatory description – puff of air 2. CA – aspiration in Polish - in highly emotional speech, expressing irritation 3. Tactile mode: props (matches, feather) 4. Mountain climbing

5 repair metacompetence E. glottal /h/ vs. P. velar /x/ 1. METAPHONOLOGY – glottal /h/ - murmur, breathing sound e.g. /h/ + ome, /h/ + ouse, /h/ + ouse, /h/ + igh, /h/ + igh, /h/ + ello /h/ + ello 1. Articulatory description: glottis 2. CA – different place of articulation - clear contrast (velar vs. glottal fricative) 3. Memory peg - dog panting sound, breathing deeply when examined by a doctor

6 repair metacompetence E. alveolars vs. P. dentals /t/ /d/ /s/ /z/ 1. 'Foreigner talk' - pretending a foreigner speaking Polish with an English accent (L1 with L2 accent) e.g. To tata tutaj tak tupie Zuzanna zawsze zjada zapiekankę Zuzanna zawsze zjada zapiekankę Samochód Sama sunie sam Samochód Sama sunie sam 1. Articulatory description – tongue position 2. CA: different place of articulation 3. Assimilation of place of articulation in front of post-alveolars taught explicitly 4. Articulatory warm-up – tongue tip activation (a series of quick taps in the alveolar region)

7 repair metacompetence 2. Assimilation of place of articulation (in front of post- alveolars) e.g. /t/ & /d/ dental alveolar e.g. trzymać [t ] e.g. trzymać [t ] [ t ] [ t ] matczyny [ t t [ t t ] drzewo [d ] [ d ] odczepić [d t [ t t ]

8 repair metacompetence Weak vowel reduction High vowels can undergo complete reduction, especially in unstressed position in casual speech High vowels can undergo complete reduction, especially in unstressed position in casual speech e.g. prez(y)dent ['pr zd nt] uniwers(y)tet [u i'v rst t] w og(ó)le ['v gl ], na prz(y)kład ENG: secret(a)ry, ord(i)nary, cam(e)ra 1. Stressed / unstressed syllables 2. Visual reinforcement: - reduced vowels crossed out - reduced vowels crossed out - text with only schwa transcribed - text with only schwa transcribed e.g teach came t me

9 repair metacompetence 2. Max centralisation of low and mid vowels to / / at the end of an utterance in casual speech 3. Kinaesthetic: clapping, banging stressed syllables OR props – elastic band

10 repair metacompetence Word stress 1. non-penultimate stress in Polish !? in casual speech e.g. pre'zydent – 'prezdent w 'ogóle - 'w ogle w 'ogóle - 'w ogle 1. Stress shift e.g. 'photograph, pho'tographer, photo'graphic 'politics, po'litical, poli'tician 2. Kinaesthetic – showing the stress

11 repair metacompetence Dark velarized [ ] 1. REGIONAL – Kresy Wschodnie, stage Polish e.g. lampa 2. Application into English e.g. table, pool, doll, aisle, fatal, able 1. Articulatory description - velarised apico- alveolar in non-pre- vocalic positions 2. Kinaesthetic feedback: - contact the tongue, suck in air - contact the tongue, suck in air - say interchangeably /l/ & [ ] - say interchangeably /l/ & [ ] 3. HIST. – old Polish [ ] changed into [w]

12 E. palato-alveolars vs. P. post- alveolars & alveolo-palatals /t / /d / / / / / /t / /d / / / / / / / / / /t / /d / / / / / /t / /d / LOAN WORDS – palatalised variants of Polish post-alveolars Eng. palato- alveolars LOAN WORDS – palatalised variants of Polish post-alveolars Eng. palato- alveolars e.g. Chile, Czilijczyk, dżinsy, dżip, dżin, żigolo e.g. Chile, Czilijczyk, dżinsy, dżip, dżin, żigolo

13 Final obstruents devoicing 1. Emphasis e.g. "Powiedziałam kod, a nie kot" 2. We add a vowel - after full release vowel offglide (Pol. voicing assimilation) + and

14 Regressive sandhi voicing (voicing assimilation) DIALECT - pre-sonorant – the voicing of any preceding word-final obstuents varies geographically: DIALECT - pre-sonorant – the voicing of any preceding word-final obstuents varies geographically: a) VOICING PRONUNCIATION - Śląsk, Wielkopolska, Małopolska a) VOICING PRONUNCIATION - Śląsk, Wielkopolska, Małopolska np. kot albo [k d alb ] np. kot albo [k d alb ] brat ojca [ d ] brat ojca [ d ] państw ameryki [w a] państw ameryki [w a] b) DEVOICING PRONUNCIATION – Mazowsze, Pomerania b) DEVOICING PRONUNCIATION – Mazowsze, Pomerania np. kot albo, kod albo [k t alb ] np. kot albo, kod albo [k t alb ]

15 Pre-obstruent voicing voiced obstuent in the onset – voicing context for voiceless consonants in the coda – the whole area of Poland voiced obstuent in the onset – voicing context for voiceless consonants in the coda – the whole area of Poland las brzozowy [z b] dogs bark [z b] las brzozowy [z b] dogs bark [z b] kotek Basi [g b] food good [d g] kotek Basi [g b] food good [d g]

16 /r/ variants retroflex post-alveolar, tap in intervocalic positions retroflex post-alveolar, tap in intervocalic positions P. – alveolar trill, roll P. – alveolar trill, roll Polish rendition of e.g. kara is English flap- like / / Polish rendition of e.g. kara is English flap- like / /

17 tr-, kr-, pr- devoiced fricative obstruent liquid sonorants usually undergo partial devoicing following voiceless obstruents liquid sonorants usually undergo partial devoicing following voiceless obstruents e.g. klej, prać, plotka - clay, pray, play e.g. klej, prać, plotka - clay, pray, play word finally following a voiceless obstruent word finally following a voiceless obstruent e.g. e.g. wiatr[vjatr ] świekr, akr [kr ] cepr, bóbr[pr ] pomysł [p m sw ] rytm [r tm ]

18 Palatalization DIALECT DIALECT a) some dialects softening before each / / e.g. geografia a) some dialects softening before each / / e.g. geografia b) in some dialects (e.g. Warszawa, Lublin) no palatalization at all b) in some dialects (e.g. Warszawa, Lublin) no palatalization at all e.g. kiedy [k d ], krótki [krutk ], kij [k j] e.g. kiedy [k d ], krótki [krutk ], kij [k j] Eng. - very weak or no palatalisation in pre-palatal contexts Eng. - very weak or no palatalisation in pre-palatal contexts

19 Desyllabification (insertion of a syllable boundary) REPAIR – fortition P. – palatal nasals e.g. pani / i/ vs. pan i jego pies P. – palatal nasals e.g. pani / i/ vs. pan i jego piese.g. need n + i d need n + i d minute mine + ju t minute mine + ju t beneath ben + eath beneath ben + eath new n+ ju new n+ ju Other consonants in palatalisation-prone contexts Other consonants in palatalisation-prone contexts e.g. keen k+ i n e.g. keen k+ i n

20 Vowel contrasts E. /i:/ vs / / P /i/ vs / / LOAN WORDS – new minimal pairs: LOAN WORDS – new minimal pairs: /plastik/ materiał vs. /plast k/ zawód /plastik/ materiał vs. /plast k/ zawód /trik/ sztuczkavs. /tr k/ samiec owcy /trik/ sztuczkavs. /tr k/ samiec owcy /tik/ ~ nerwowyvs. /t k/ ~ zegara /tik/ ~ nerwowyvs. /t k/ ~ zegara OR free variation OR free variation e.g. business, grill i / e.g. business, grill i /

21 Vowels – / / /e/ Polish / / raised to /e/ in the context of palatal consonants Polish / / raised to /e/ in the context of palatal consonants e.g. pieniądz, pieśń e.g. pieniądz, pieśń

22 Clusters presence P. vs. absence E. of release of the first sound in clusters presence P. vs. absence E. of release of the first sound in clusters e.g. willa, lekki, oddaj, motto - in casual speech e.g. willa, lekki, oddaj, motto - in casual speech non-homorganic clusters – unreleased stop non-homorganic clusters – unreleased stop E. e.g. adopt, apt, perfect E. e.g. adopt, apt, perfect P. e.g. ponadto, odtwarzać - casual speech – no release P. e.g. ponadto, odtwarzać - casual speech – no release

23 Assimilation & elision pies szczeka [pjes t ka] pies szczeka [pjes t ka] [pje t ka] [pje t ka] pas zielony [z e] [ e ] pas zielony [z e] [ e ] to wszystko [sk ] to wszystko [sk ] nie wiem [n' m] nie wiem [n' m]


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