Presentation on theme: "German Culture and Cultural Learning - A Short Study - Presentation held by Dr. Ileana Hamburg Institute for Work and Technology (IAT) Research Department."— Presentation transcript:
German Culture and Cultural Learning - A Short Study - Presentation held by Dr. Ileana Hamburg Institute for Work and Technology (IAT) Research Department Innovation, Space and Culture
2 Agenda 1.German Culture 1.Literature 2.Philosophy 3.Science 4.Music 5.Fine arts & architecture 6.Religion 7.Cuisine 8.Sports 2.Cultural learning 1.What is cultural learning? 2.Examples
3 Land der Dichter und Denker (Land of the Poets and Thinkers) Starting in the Middle Ages with Walther von der Vogelweide Most famous German work of the time: Nibelungenlied Grimm-Tales lateron Classic poets like Goethe, Schiller, Lessing Modern poets like Thomas Mann, Bert Brecht, Hermann Hesse Recent Nobel Prize for literature: Herta Müller All in all nine German Nobel Prizes (Nobel himself was German.) German Culture I. Literature
4 German Culture II. Philosophy Again, starting in the Middle Ages with Albertus Magnus Most famous philosopher: Immanuel Kant Early German philosophers: Leibnitz, Hegel, Nietzsche Heidegger and Gadamer in 19th century Modern German philosophers: Adorno, Habermas, Horkheimer, Max Weber, Simmel, Luhmann Culture of cafés and salons, mostly imported from France and Austria in the early 19th century, led to philosophy becoming national Flood of philosophic books even today, many of them #1 bestsellers:
5 German Culture III. Science Johannes Gutenberg invented the first printing machine Konrad Zuse built the first computer Count Zeppelin built the first Zeppelin Daimler, Diesel and Otto created the first automobile Planck, Schrödinger, Fahrenheit, Röntgen > famous physicists Fraunhofer-institutes and Max-Planck institutes continue research in the tradition of their role models And of course: Albert Einstein was German.
6 German Culture IV. Music Most famous composers: Mozart, Bach, Beethoven, Schumann, Schubert, Händel, Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Richard Strauss, Orff, Stockhausen, Brahms, Wagner, Haydn, Schönberg Always austro-german co-operations > access to a wide range of influences Modern artists: Herbert Grönemeyer, Nena, Rammstein, Tokio Hotel, Kraftwerk Wide gap between classical and modern music Children learn at least one instrument in special music schools.
7 German Culture V. Fine arts & architecture Middle Ages painters Lucas Cranach, Hans Holbein, Albrecht Dürer Long break in baroque and renaissance Modern painters are Jopseh Beuys and Georg Baselitz Bauhaus style in architecture, led by Walter Gropius Cathedrals of Cologne and Ulm Many Gothic, Romanesque and Baroque churches (most beautiful baroque village church in the world in Steinhausen).
8 German Culture VI. Religion Many of the greatest believers and critics were German Land of Martin Luther and the Pope Christianized by Charlemagne (around 800) Feuerbach (critic of religion, saw god as a projection of mans flaws) Karl Marx: religion as opium of the people Today, ökumene (greek: one-house) tries to reconcile protestants and catholics New lines of conflict have developed between muslims and christians due to the high amount of turkish immigrants.
9 German Culture VI. Cuisine Many different cuisines: bavarian, palatine, svabian, etc. Mostly famous for Kraut and Würstchen (sausages) pretzels and beer
10 German Culture VI. Sports Football is the most common German sport Teams can be more important than religion in chosing your partner! Other relevant sports: marksmanship, tennis, dance Nordic Walking is practiced by many – individually or in groups Every year, journalists vote for the German sportsman of the year Racing was famous with M. Schumacher but is currently losing fans.
11 Cultural Learning I. What is cultural learning? Cultural learning can foster so-called soft skills Social competences Intercultural competences Creativity Teamwork Open-mindedness Empathy
12 Cultural Learning - I. Example The Steiner Waldorf Approach The Steiner Waldorf approach to education emphasizes on the use of practical, artistic and conceptual elements into education. This method of education was established by Rudolf Steiner, the founder of a philosophy called anthrophosophy. The Steiner Waldorf approach is based on the fact that the role of imagination in learning is integral for the development of creative and analytical thinking. This educational approach is aimed at providing an environment where young people can develop free thinking, which can be a basis for developing their own personalities as responsible individuals by fulfilling their destiny. The Steiner Waldorf approach to education is based on scientific study of the development of children's learning capabilities. Early childhood learning is the stage for children below 7 years of age, elementary learning is for children between 7 and 14 years, and high school level education is for adolescents.
13 Creativity in SW schools plays a major role Dance, arts, music and physical expression are each subjects of their own EC study shows that Steiner Waldorf students are highly creative The approach is seen to exert a favouralble influence on the development of the personality (e.g. personal sense of worth, self-assurance, creativity, flexibility) and of social competency (e.g. empathic faculties, consideration, ability to cooperate) as well as the development of the ability to form ones own opinion and become self reliant.
14 Cultural Learning - II. Example Drama pedagogy Drama pedagogy is a holistic teaching and learning approach closely connected with dramatic art forms (Conf. in Leipzig, Oct. 2009). Publishing of SCENARIO is part of this development. Drama techniques guide students to experience the foreign language in hands-on situations that simulate reality and, at the same time, inspire imagination and creativity. In accordance with established principles of foreign language teaching such as student-activating, action-oriented approaches, task-based learning, cooperative methods and, above all, inter-/transcultural learning, drama pedagogy embraces a holistic understanding of the individual as well as the personality development of foreign language learners (as intercultural speakers). It includes the performative dimension of learning a (foreign) language, such as movement, physical aspects and interaction, which add to the special potential drama pedagogy represents for the development of intercultural competences.
15 Importance of Darstellendes Spiel as German school subject is emphasized by studies Drama pedagogy can support the learning of foreign languages Helps children to develop empathy and imagination Drama pedagogy classes are held in Berlin schools