2Agenda German Culture Cultural learning Literature Philosophy Science MusicFine arts & architectureReligionCuisineSportsCultural learningWhat is cultural learning?Examples
3German Culture I. Literature „Land der Dichter und Denker“ (Land of the Poets and Thinkers)Starting in the Middle Ages with Walther von der VogelweideMost famous German work of the time: NibelungenliedGrimm-Tales lateron„Classic“ poets like Goethe, Schiller, LessingModern poets like Thomas Mann, Bert Brecht, Hermann HesseRecent Nobel Prize for literature: Herta MüllerAll in all nine German Nobel Prizes(Nobel himself was German.)
4German Culture II. Philosophy Again, starting in the Middle Ages with Albertus MagnusMost famous philosopher: Immanuel KantEarly German philosophers: Leibnitz, Hegel, NietzscheHeidegger and Gadamer in 19th centuryModern German philosophers: Adorno, Habermas, Horkheimer, Max Weber, Simmel, LuhmannCulture of cafés and salons, mostly imported from France and Austria in the early 19th century, led to philosophy becoming „national“Flood of philosophic books even today, many of them #1 bestsellers:
5German Culture III. Science Johannes Gutenberg invented the first printing machineKonrad Zuse built the first computerCount Zeppelin built the first ZeppelinDaimler, Diesel and Otto created the first automobilePlanck, Schrödinger, Fahrenheit, Röntgen > famous physicistsFraunhofer-institutes and Max-Planck institutes continue research in the tradition of their role modelsAnd of course: Albert Einstein was German.
6German Culture IV. Music Most famous composers: Mozart, Bach, Beethoven, Schumann, Schubert, Händel, Mendelssohn Bartholdy, Richard Strauss, Orff, Stockhausen, Brahms, Wagner, Haydn, SchönbergAlways austro-german co-operations > access to a wide range of influencesModern artists: Herbert Grönemeyer, Nena, Rammstein, Tokio Hotel, KraftwerkWide gap between classical and modern musicChildren learn at least one instrument in special music schools.
7German Culture V. Fine arts & architecture Middle Ages painters Lucas Cranach, Hans Holbein, Albrecht DürerLong break in baroque and renaissanceModern painters are Jopseh Beuys and Georg Baselitz„Bauhaus“ style in architecture, led by Walter GropiusCathedrals of Cologne and UlmMany Gothic, Romanesque and Baroque churches („most beautiful baroque village church in the world“ in Steinhausen).
8German Culture VI. Religion Many of the greatest believers and critics were GermanLand of Martin Luther and the PopeChristianized by Charlemagne (around 800)Feuerbach (critic of religion, saw god as a projection of man‘s flaws)Karl Marx: „religion as opium of the people“Today, „ökumene“ (greek: one-house) tries to reconcile protestants and catholicsNew lines of conflict have developed between muslims and christians due to the high amount of turkish immigrants.
9German Culture VI. Cuisine Many different cuisines: bavarian, palatine, svabian, etc.Mostly famous for Kraut and „Würstchen“ (sausages) pretzels and beer
10German Culture VI. Sports Football is the most common German sportTeams can be more important than religion in chosing your partner!Other relevant sports: marksmanship, tennis, danceNordic Walking is practiced by many – individually or in groupsEvery year, journalists vote for the „German sportsman of the year“Racing was famous with M. Schumacher but is currently losing fans.
11Cultural Learning I. What is cultural learning? Cultural learning can foster so-called „soft skills“Social competencesIntercultural competencesCreativityTeamworkOpen-mindednessEmpathy
12Cultural Learning - I. Example The Steiner Waldorf ApproachThe Steiner Waldorf approach to education emphasizes on the use of practical, artistic and conceptual elements into education.This method of education was established by Rudolf Steiner, the founder of a philosophy called anthrophosophy.The Steiner Waldorf approach is based on the fact that the role of imagination in learning is integral for the development of creative and analytical thinking.This educational approach is aimed at providing an environment where young people can develop free thinking, which can be a basis for developing their own personalities as responsible individuals by fulfilling their destiny.The Steiner Waldorf approach to education is based on scientific study of the development of children's learning capabilities.Early childhood learning is the stage for children below 7 years of age, elementary learning is for children between 7 and 14 years, and high school level education is for adolescents.
13Creativity in SW schools plays a major role Dance, arts, music and physical expression are each subjects of their ownEC study shows that Steiner Waldorf students are highly creativeThe approach is „seen to exert a favouralble influence on the development of the personality (e.g. personal sense of worth, self-assurance, creativity, flexibility) and of social competency (e.g. empathic faculties, consideration, ability to cooperate) as well as the development of the ability to form one‘s own opinion and become self reliant.“
14Cultural Learning - II. Example Drama pedagogyDrama pedagogy is a holistic teaching and learning approach closely connected with dramatic art forms (Conf. in Leipzig, Oct. 2009).Publishing of SCENARIO is part of this development.Drama techniques guide students to experience the foreign language in hands-on situations that simulate reality and, at the same time, inspire imagination and creativity.In accordance with established principles of foreign language teaching such as student-activating, action-oriented approaches, task-based learning, cooperative methods and, above all, inter-/transcultural learning, drama pedagogy embraces a holistic understanding of the individual as well as the personality development of foreign language learners (as intercultural speakers).It includes the performative dimension of learning a (foreign) language, such as movement, physical aspects and interaction, which add to the special potential drama pedagogy represents for the development of intercultural competences.
15Importance of „Darstellendes Spiel“ as German school subject is emphasized by studies Drama pedagogy can support the learning of foreign languagesHelps children to develop empathy and imaginationDrama pedagogy classes are held in Berlin schools