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Properties of Matter What is Matter

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Matter Matter is what the world is made of. Matter is what the world is made of. Matter has mass and volume Matter has mass and volume All objects consists of Matter. All objects consists of Matter.

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Mass A measure of the quantity of matter in an object A measure of the quantity of matter in an object Measured by grams (g) and kilograms (kg) Measured by grams (g) and kilograms (kg) Doesn’t change due to location Doesn’t change due to location

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Weight Weight is the response of mass to the pull of gravity. Metric unit of weight is the Newton (N). Weight is the response of mass to the pull of gravity. Metric unit of weight is the Newton (N). Does change due to location Does change due to location

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Mass vs. Weight

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Volume The amount of space an object takes up is called it’s volume. The amount of space an object takes up is called it’s volume. Volume is measured in liters (L), milliliters (mL), and cubic centimeters (cm 3 ) Volume is measured in liters (L), milliliters (mL), and cubic centimeters (cm 3 )

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Molecule smallest particle of a compound that has all the properties of that compound. smallest particle of a compound that has all the properties of that compound.

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Classifying Matter

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General Properties of Matter mass, mass, Weight Weight Volume Volume density density

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Density Density is the mass per unit volume

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density = mass / volume

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Problem If 96.5 grams of gold has a volume of 5 cubic centimeters, what is its density?

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Solution Step 1 Write the formula d=m/v Step 1 Write the formula d=m/v Step 2 Substitute given numbers and units d=96.5 grams/ 5 cubic centimeters Step 2 Substitute given numbers and units d=96.5 grams/ 5 cubic centimeters Step 3 Solve for unknown variable d= 19.3 grams / cubic centimeters Step 3 Solve for unknown variable d= 19.3 grams / cubic centimeters

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Practice Problems 1. If 96.5 grams of aluminum has a volume of 35 cm 3, what is the density of aluminum? 1. If 96.5 grams of aluminum has a volume of 35 cm 3, what is the density of aluminum? 2. If the density of a diamond is 3.5 g / cm 3, what would the mass be if the volume is 0.5 cm 3 ? 2. If the density of a diamond is 3.5 g / cm 3, what would the mass be if the volume is 0.5 cm 3 ?

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Density Lab Does it Float?

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The density of water is 1 gram per milliliter, 1g/mL. The density of water is 1 gram per milliliter, 1g/mL. If the object’s density is greater than 1g/mL, then the object will sink. If the object’s density is greater than 1g/mL, then the object will sink. If the object’s density is less than 1g/mL then it will float. If the object’s density is less than 1g/mL then it will float.

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Does it Float? In this activity you will measure the mass and volume of several objects to obtain the objects’ densities. In this activity you will measure the mass and volume of several objects to obtain the objects’ densities. Remember density = mass / volume Remember density = mass / volume Volume of cube= length X width X height Volume of cube= length X width X height Volume of cylinder=pi r^2 h Volume of cylinder=pi r^2 h pi=3.14 pi=3.14

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Remember 1 cubic centimeter = 1 mL

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Volume of Cylinder Volum e = pi r 2 h Volum e = pi r 2 h

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Volume of a Square or Cube Volum e= L x W x H Volum e= L x W x H

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Lab Report Format Description Mass (g) Volume (mL) Density (g/mL) Does it float?

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Phases of Matter

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Matter can exist in 4 Phases Solid Solid Liquid Liquid Gas Gas Plasma Plasma

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Solids Crystalline Solids- particles are arranged in regular repeating patterns called crystals (i.e. salt, quartz) Crystalline Solids- particles are arranged in regular repeating patterns called crystals (i.e. salt, quartz) Amorphous solids- solids that lose their shape under certain conditions (i.e. tar, candle wax, glass) Amorphous solids- solids that lose their shape under certain conditions (i.e. tar, candle wax, glass)

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Liquids Particles in a liquid are close together but are free to move. Particles in a liquid are close together but are free to move. Have no definite shape but takes the shape of the container. Have no definite shape but takes the shape of the container. Have a definite volume. Have a definite volume. Resistance of a liquid to flow is called viscosity. Resistance of a liquid to flow is called viscosity.

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Gases Do not have a definite shape or definite volume. Do not have a definite shape or definite volume. Boyle’s Law – if volume is reduced pressure will increase. P1V1=P2V2 or P1/P2=V1/V2 Boyle’s Law – if volume is reduced pressure will increase. P1V1=P2V2 or P1/P2=V1/V2 Charles’s Law – if temperature of a gas changes but pressure is the same, then volume of the gas changes. T1V2=T2V1 or T1/T2=V1/V2 Charles’s Law – if temperature of a gas changes but pressure is the same, then volume of the gas changes. T1V2=T2V1 or T1/T2=V1/V2

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Plasma Rare on earth. Rare on earth. The most common phase in the universe. The most common phase in the universe. Stars have matter in plasma phase (i.e. sun’s solar flare) Stars have matter in plasma phase (i.e. sun’s solar flare) Matter in plasma phase is high in energy and dangerous to living things. Matter in plasma phase is high in energy and dangerous to living things.

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What Is Matter

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