2Key Questions What is density? How is density measured? How do you calculate density?In this Investigation, students will explore the property of density in liquids. They will construct a density column, and then use the column to predict the density of a solid.
3Density is the measure of the “compactness” of a material How close the atoms or molecules are to each otherMore than “heaviness” - density includes how much space an object takes up!!All substances have density including liquids, solids, and gasesBread slice and compacted bread in large flask of water
4“Compactness”Hot air balloon - Describe how a hot air balloon works. Defend your argument.
5Density describes how much mass is in a given volume of a material.
6Mass is amount of matter in an object (usually measured in grams) Volume is the amount of space an object takes up (usually measured in ml or cm3)
7We have a kilogram of feathers and a kilogram of steel… We have a kilogram of feathers and a kilogram of steel… which has more mass? Which has a larger volume? Which is more dense?ORROCKS - pass around
8Density = mass/volume or D= m/v Density EQUATIONDensity = mass/volume or D= m/vA solid wax candle has a volume of 1,700 mL.The candle has a mass of 1.5 kg (1,500 g).What is the density of the candle?
9…the density of the candle Given: …mass = 1500 g; volume = 1700 mL Solving ProblemsCalculating DensityLooking for:…the density of the candleGiven:…mass = 1500 g; volume = 1700 mLRelationship:D = m/VSolution:1,500 g ÷ 1,700 mL = g/mL= .88 g/mL
10What do you think?If the volume stays the same and the mass increases the density willIf the mass stays the same and the volume increases The density willincreasedecrease
19Determining DensityTo find the density of a material, you need to know the mass and volume of a solid sample of the material.Mass is measured with a balance or scale.Use the displacement method or calculate the volume.
20DETERMINING DENSITY Use a graduated cylinder Regular Shapes – mass, then determine the volume by formulaEX: cubes, cylinders, spheres, cones, etc.Irregular shapes – mass, then measure displacement of a liquid (usually water) by that irregularly shaped objectUse a graduated cylinderAdd water to a predetermined level - record.Gently drop in the irregularly shaped object.Read the graduated cylinder – record.Subtract the first water level from the second – this is the volume