What is the Physiology of the disease? The term arteriosclerosis describes a number of conditions where the arteries become thickened/ harden and lose their elasticity.
What does it look like? What are the symptoms? Symptoms can range from none to heart attack or stroke. Symptoms depend on the location of the arteries affected by the disease. Often, sudden cardiac death can be the first symptom of arteriosclerosis.
What is the Prognosis? According to the American Heart Association 2004 Heart and Stroke Statistics Update, arteriosclerosis accounts for nearly 75% of all deaths from heart disease. 200 000 deaths per year in the United States are caused by arteries in the neck, which supply blood to the brain, being hardened.
What are the main causes? High blood pressure and high cholesterol levels Cigarette smoking Diabetes Obesity Lack of exercise Diet
How is it treated medically? Physical Examination Lipid profile Blood glucose measurement Check resting EKG Stress EKG Drugs Surgery -Balloon Angioplasty -Stenting -Bypass surgery
How is it related to inactivity? People who lead inactive lifestyles are three times more likely to die from a cardiovascular disease then those who do.
Can it be prevented? To prevent arteriosclerosis, reduce the modifiable risk factors such as: Lack of exercise High Cholesterol levels Cigarette smoking Diet
Can we reduce the symptoms? How? Healthy diet Regular physical activity Avoiding cigarette smoke Approach entire populations with information on disease