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Heart Disease. Key Risk Factors 1.High Blood Pressure 2.High Cholesterol 3.Smoking -weakens the artery walls, hardens arteries and raises BP.

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Presentation on theme: "Heart Disease. Key Risk Factors 1.High Blood Pressure 2.High Cholesterol 3.Smoking -weakens the artery walls, hardens arteries and raises BP."— Presentation transcript:

1 Heart Disease

2 Key Risk Factors 1.High Blood Pressure 2.High Cholesterol 3.Smoking -weakens the artery walls, hardens arteries and raises BP

3 Medical Conditions/Lifestyle Choices Risk Factors Diabetes Overweight/Obesity Poor Diet Physical Inactivity Excessive Alcohol use

4 Hypertension Definition Extreme force of blood through the arteries. High BP = 140/90 Average BP = /60-80 Emergency BP = 180/110 Diet Concerns Decrease alcohol Decrease sodium intake TreatmentDecrease weight Increase exercise Decrease stress Stop smoking Medications

5 High Cholesterol Large amounts of cholesterol in the blood that narrows and hardens arteries. Decrease fat intake Increase fiber intake Decrease weight Increase exercise Medications Definition Diet Concerns Treatment

6 Definition DietConcerns Treatment Heart Attack Tissue death to the heart. Blood flow to the heart is reduced. Cardiac arrest Definition-sudden and abrupt stopping of the heart Decrease fat intake Decrease sodium intake Emergency treatment= CPR/AED Decrease stress Open blocked arteries Medication Surgery (bypass)

7 chest compressions to circulate oxygenated blood CPR Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation CALL 911

8 Definition Diet Concerns Treatment Stroke When the blood flow to the brain is cut off. Decrease fat intake Decrease sodium intake Decrease alcohol Emergency treatment= CPR/AED Decrease stress Medication Break up blood clots drugs Blood thinning drugs Lower BP drugs

9 Ways you can control Heart Disease risk factors 1. Keeping a healthy diet 2. Maintain a healthy weight 3. Exercise regularly 4. Limit alcohol & smoking 5. Annual doctor visits - Cholesterol checks - Blood pressure checks - Communicate with health care professionals


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