Interest Groups and Political Participation. Definition of Interest Group an organized group of individuals share common goals or objectives influence.
Published byModified over 4 years ago
Presentation on theme: "Interest Groups and Political Participation. Definition of Interest Group an organized group of individuals share common goals or objectives influence."— Presentation transcript:
Definition of Interest Group an organized group of individuals share common goals or objectives influence policymakers in all 3 branches of government and at ALL levels
How is an Interest Group different from a Political Party? Political parties are organized to win elections, to operate the government and to be public policy decision makers Parties want to be the government; interest groups want to influence the government.
Types of Interest Groups Predominately economic business and trade, e.g. AMPI, NRA labor - represent workers, e.g. AFL-CIO government- (A.F.S.C.M.E.) professionals – e.g. ABA, AMA, CFA Life style – e.g. Christian Coalition, ACLU, Public Citizen, Sierra Club Single Issue – e.g. Right to Life, NRA
Resources of Interest Groups Members Money Information Expertise in area of interest
How are Resources Utilized? Membership is mobilized Ratings –legislators scored based on their votes and constituents aware of scores Campaign Assistance – provide workers for political campaigns Political Action Committees – raises $$ and donates on behalf of organizations to political parties and candidates.
How are Resources Utilized? Ongoing Direct Techniques –Lobbying Meeting with decision makers Testifying before committees AND before rulemaking agencies Assisting with drafting of legislation Providing information policy areas Assisting in nominating individuals to government posts
Related Activities Public Pressure –influence by using public opinion polls on an issue Using Constituents as Lobbyists shotgun --constituents act in concert to write letters, email, or phone rifle - influential member contacts a legislator on issue e.g. Ex-legislator Building Alliances – form alliances with other groups who share policy goal
Related Actions Demonstration Techniques- Creating a media event or exploiting a media event to raise public support. Initiating or Support Cases in Courts- e.g. class action suits, amicus curiae briefs
Is Lobbying Effective? Limitation on purchasing drugs from Canada. Impact on Clean Air and Clean Water regulations. Impact on gun ownership and impact on civil society