Presentation on theme: "Europe in the Global Economy Paris 22-23 november 2007 Round table 2: How well does Europe integrate the world markets? Dr Peter Vikström Director Growth."— Presentation transcript:
Europe in the Global Economy Paris 22-23 november 2007 Round table 2: How well does Europe integrate the world markets? Dr Peter Vikström Director Growth Analysis and Statistics ITPS
The internal market in a globalized economy Overall aim: Foster productivity and competetiveness The internal market as a platform for European companies –The internal market as a green house –Lowering transactions costs for expanding beyond national markets The internal market as platform for international companies –Competition, specialization and knowledge spillovers –Attract FDI – single market lowers costs for FDI The diversity of the Union implies different competetive pressure in different parts –New conditions for companies and countries – in an integrated market more companies will be small in an economic sense
Is EU attractive as a destination for FDI? Source: Eurostat (2007) YES: EU has a large share of world FDI inflows, 19% (larger than the US) NO: The share of world FDI has declined since 2003
Where do the FDI go? Extra-EU FDI inflows by economic activity 2001-2004, %GDP Source: Eurostat (2007) Does the mix of inward FDI promote the Lissabon targets?
The importance of the knowledge economy The knowledge economy Source: EU-KLEMS, www.euklems.orgwww.euklems.org Note: EU15ex is EU15 excluding Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and Sweden
Investments in intangibles more important Sources of growth in output per hour, 1995-2003 in the US, Non-farm business sector Source: Corrado, Hulten and Sichel (2006) The total contribution to labour productivity growth has increased from 0.48% to 0.84% between 1973-1995 and 1995-2003 It is essential to include intangible investments when discussing FDI performance
Innovation activities are more internationalised Source: OECD, Guellec & Zuniga (2007) Cross-border inventions share of all patented inventions Increased internationalisation of R&D implies that FDI and R&D are complementary activities
Policy issues Importance of continued structural reforms for the internal market –Foster productivity and competetiveness –Committment to openness –Maintain transformation pressure Recognise the diversity between different regions of the union –The impact of globalisation differs across the union –The potential and motives for attracting FDI differs Important to maintain social cohesion –Policies toward globalisation must alleviate structural change and lower the costs for individuals –Maintain an acceptance of the need of structural change and the adaptation to new conditions Investing in the knowledge economy –A more qualified workforce – education and migration –Making EU more attractive for intangible investments –FDI and R&D policies are complementary –Encourage the ambitious entrepreneurship
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