Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Christianity. Religion in Rome Roman religion shifted from the worship of pagan Gods to the worship of Christianity, which emphasized a more."— Presentation transcript:
Religion in Rome Roman religion shifted from the worship of pagan Gods to the worship of Christianity, which emphasized a more personal relationship between God and people Born as a movement within Judaism
Religion in Rome Roman empire spreads to Judea (home of the Jews) around 63 B.C.
Rise of Christianity Rome takes control of Jewish kingdom in A.D. 6 Many Jews believed they would once again be free According to biblical tradition, God promised that a savior known as the Messiah would arrive and restore the kingdom of the Jews.
Jesus of Nazareth Around 6-4 B.C.E., a Jew named Jesus was born in the town of Bethlehem in Judea Jesus emphasized God’s personal relationship to each human being. He taught people the importance of love for God, neighbors, enemies, and themselves Apostles wrote about Jesus’s teachings in the Gospels
Jesus of Nazareth As he became more popular, Jesus was seen as a threat to older religious traditions and the authority of Rome. Roman Governor Pontius Pilate sentences Jesus to death by crucifixion.
Jesus of Nazareth According to the Gospels, Jesus rose from his tomb three days after his death and appeared to his followers. Hereafter: Jesus Christ ( Christos = Greek for ‘messiah’ or ‘savior’
Rise of Christianity Despite religious and political opposition, Christianity spreads steadily throughout the Roman Empire NOTE: The Pax Romana provided the ideal conditions for Christianity to spread Why do you suppose this is true?
Rise of Christianity A.D. 66: Rome defeats a Jewish rebellion (Masada, Jewish Fortress)
Rise of Christianity ‘The various modes of worship, which prevailed in the Roman world, were all considered by the people, as equally true; by the philosopher, as equally false; and by the magistrate, as equally useful.’ - Edward Gibbon, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
Rise of Christianity Despite the increasing popularity of Christianity, Romans continued to persecute Christians Reason: Christians didn’t worship Roman gods. Roman rules took this as opposition to them. Persecute – to eliminate, discriminate, or subjugate a group of people based on their religion, race, or beliefs. Other examples?
Why did Christianity thrive in Rome? 1. Embraced all people 2. Gave hope to the powerless 3. Appealed to those who were repelled by the extravagances of Rome 4. Offered personal relationship with loving God 5. Promised eternal life after death
Rise of Christianity By third century, there are millions of Christians living in the Roman empire.
Constantine 312 A.D.: Constantine was fighting three rivals for leadership of Rome Constantine marches to Rome and prays for divine help before the battle (Milvian Bridge) Constantine sees image of a cross in the sky Wins battle, credits his success to help of Christian God
Constantine 313 A.D.: Constantine announces an end to the persecution of Christians ‘Edict of Milan’ – declares Christianity one of the religions approved by the emperor. 380 A.D.: Christianity becomes empire’s official religion Rome becomes seat of the papacy and center of the Christian Church