1.Examples of sacred texts, holy scriptures 2. What makes books sacred? Eg authors – human/divine, periods in history 3. Examples of the contents of sacred texts Types/styles of writing, stories, teachings 4. How/where are sacred texts used today? 5. Why are sacred texts not relevant today? 6. Why are they still relevant today?
HINDU SACRED 1200-1000BCE The Vedas 400-200BCE Upanishads *Bhagavad Gita 300BCE-300CE Mahabharata (includes *Bhagavad Gita) 100BCE-100CE Ramayana Shruti (heard) God’s words heard by the sages Smriti (remembered) Sacred histories of India’s noble families and gods 500-1500CE Puranas * The words of Lord Krishna therefore shruti status TEXTS 200BCE-200CE Laws of Manu
The Vedas A message from God heard by holy men in meditation. A guide for priests in conducting religious rituals. Contain creation stories. Most Vedic deities no longer worshipped
Purusha – the Cosmic Man How humans and the Varna system are born “When they divided Puru ṣ a how many portions did they make? What do they call his mouth, his arms? What do they call his thighs and feet? The priest was his mouth, both his arms made the princes. His thighs became the merchants, from his feet the servants were produced.” Rig Veda X 11-12 Duties are written down later in the Laws of Manu
Thinking about dvaita and advaita: “There is nothing to be gained if I imagine God as the same as me.” List reasons to agree with this statement. List reasons to disagree with this statement How does this belief in the self and the divine affect: Worship View of the self View of others View of the world