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Teaching Hinduism Teaching: fears, hopes, questions Beliefs Practices Diversity.

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Presentation on theme: "Teaching Hinduism Teaching: fears, hopes, questions Beliefs Practices Diversity."— Presentation transcript:

1 Teaching Hinduism Teaching: fears, hopes, questions Beliefs Practices Diversity

2 Teaching Hinduism Subject knowledge Ideas for the classroom 1 lesson or a term? Year group?


4 WAYS IN…. India Holy rivers Pilgrimage Sacred stories Karma Funerals Reincarnation Festivals

5 WAYS IN…. Sacred stories Caste/Varna Festival of Holi Worship of deities

6 WAYS IN…. Primary school knowledge Cosmology

7 Aspects of religious life: ritual and study; devotion and duty; reincarnation

8 Vishnu = Lakshmi (Sita) Durga Matsya Kurma Varaha Narashimha Vamana Parashurama Rama KrishnaKalkin The Buddha Brahman Brahma = Saraswati Narada Shiva = Parvati Ganesha Kartick Durga, Kali

9 Power of creationPower of preservation Power of destruction TRIMURTI and their consorts (wives)





14 Brahman and Atman


16 The Hindu Sacred Texts

17 1.Examples of sacred texts, holy scriptures 2. What makes books sacred? Eg authors – human/divine, periods in history 3. Examples of the contents of sacred texts Types/styles of writing, stories, teachings 4. How/where are sacred texts used today? 5. Why are sacred texts not relevant today? 6. Why are they still relevant today?

18 HINDU SACRED 1200-1000BCE The Vedas 400-200BCE Upanishads *Bhagavad Gita 300BCE-300CE Mahabharata (includes *Bhagavad Gita) 100BCE-100CE Ramayana Shruti (heard) God’s words heard by the sages Smriti (remembered) Sacred histories of India’s noble families and gods 500-1500CE Puranas * The words of Lord Krishna therefore shruti status TEXTS 200BCE-200CE Laws of Manu

19 The Vedas A message from God heard by holy men in meditation. A guide for priests in conducting religious rituals. Contain creation stories. Most Vedic deities no longer worshipped

20 Purusha – the Cosmic Man How humans and the Varna system are born “When they divided Puru ṣ a how many portions did they make? What do they call his mouth, his arms? What do they call his thighs and feet? The priest was his mouth, both his arms made the princes. His thighs became the merchants, from his feet the servants were produced.” Rig Veda X 11-12 Duties are written down later in the Laws of Manu


22 The Upanishads “Sitting near” They explain the Vedas. This is where we read about Brahman, atman, karma, reincarnation and samsara, moksha for the first time.

23 Mahabharata Written by Ganesh. It describes the history of the first great families of India.

24 Contained within the Mahabharata. The words of Lord Krishna as he teaches Arjuna how to fulfil his dharma.

25 Arjuna is called to fight. Krishna is his charioteer.

26 The Gita is spoken on the battlefield

27 Krishna explains the different paths to liberation (moksha): - Action according to varna - Wisdom - Devotion

28 KARMA – selfless action according to varna

29 JNANA - wisdom

30 BHAKTI - devotion

31 BHAKTI - devotion Krishna reveals himself as the one true deity

32 Arjuna goes into battle

33 Ramayana Rama rescues Sita Dharma Good wins over evil Festival of Diwali



36 Thinking about dvaita and advaita: “There is nothing to be gained if I imagine God as the same as me.” List reasons to agree with this statement. List reasons to disagree with this statement How does this belief in the self and the divine affect: Worship View of the self View of others View of the world




40 Ashramas – stages of life Brahmacharya – student stage Grihasta – householder Vanaprastha – retirement stage Sannyasin – renunciation stage

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