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Porcelain Inlay and Onlay Dr. Ignatius Lee Preparation and Restoration.

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Presentation on theme: "Porcelain Inlay and Onlay Dr. Ignatius Lee Preparation and Restoration."— Presentation transcript:

1 Porcelain Inlay and Onlay Dr. Ignatius Lee Preparation and Restoration

2 Restorative Options - Direct 1970’s –Posteriors: amalgam –Anteriors: composite 2000’s –Posteriors: amalgam (material specific), composite (lesion specific) –Anteriors: composite

3 Evolution of Cavity Preparation Design for Posterior Composite Taking into consideration the differences in the physical properties between the two materials (amalgam vs composite); and based on the rationale of the cavity preparation design for amalgam Questions were asked: Do we need convergent walls? retention grooves? Worry about unsupported enamel? Extension for prevention? Do we need bulk? New cavity preparation design for posterior composite was created; it was based on specific characteristic of the material.

4 Why are we talking about amalgam/composite Example of utilizing the skill/knowledge we acquired in using a specific material/procedure (amalgam restoration) and applying it on a new material/procedure (composite restoration) Preparation skills should be easily transferable. Knowledge on the rationale of cavity preparation will allow us to adapt to the new material based on the material’s specific characteristic. Answer to your question on “why are we still teaching cast gold inlay/onlay”? - when only a few dentists are doing these kinds of procedures in their offices.

5 Restorative Options - Indirect 1970’s –Cast gold inlay/onlay, 3/4 crown, full cast crown, PFM 2000’s –Cast gold inlay/onlay, 3/4 crown, full cast crown, PFM –Porcelain/composite inlay/onlay

6 Differences between gold and porcelain restorations Physical properties - porcelain more brittle Mode of retention - bonding vs mechanical retention Concept of margin Based on these differences, can we design a cavity preparation for using porcelain intra-coronally?? Starting with cavity preparation design for cast gold inlay/onlay, what features do we have to modify for porcelain????

7 Physical Properties What cavity preparation features do we need to modify? –Bulk - more occlusal clearance –Reinforcement - bonding –Bevels contraindicated

8 Mode of Retention Cast gold preparation rely on 6 to 7 degree of divergent walls and sharp internal line angles. Porcelain rely on the bonding process, no need for 6 to 7 degree divergent wall and sharp internal line anlges.

9 Marginal Adaptation Cast gold - rely on close adaptation (20u); lack of adhesion between tooth structure/cement/gold interface Porcelain - rely on the adhesion between tooth structure/resin cement/procelain to create a gap free continuous margin. No gingival bevels needed to minimize the gap.

10 Empress Procelain System All procelain restoration used for inlay, onlay, full crown Castable Adequate marginal fit Better wear characteristic than conventional procelain Similar to cast gold inlay/onlay in terms of cavity preparation design

11 Porcelain Fused to Metal Crown vs Empress: Similarities Highly esthetic Wear Brittle - reinforced through the bonding process

12 Composite vs Empress: Similarities Mode of retention - dentinal bonding agent Apply skills you learn for composite on the bonding process.

13 Mechanism of Adhesion Porcelain etched with hydrofluoric acid (micromechanical) Bond between etched tooth and DBA - identical to composite/tooth Silane coupling agent - chemical bond

14 Summary of Characteristics Highly esthetic Acceptable marginal fit Conservation of tooth structure Less occlusal wear Highly technique sensitive

15 Indications High esthetic demand Replace moderate to large existing restoration Fractured tooth/restoration Moderate to large primary caries Contraindiations Unable to adequately isolate the field Parafunctional habits - bruxing, clenching, excessive wear

16 Empress vs Gold Inlay/Onlay Empress Advantages ESTHETIC Conservation of tooth structure (gold onlay vs porcelain inlay) Less complicated cavity design?? Disadvantages Expensive Technique sensitive - bonding process Abrasive to occluding dentition

17 Empress vs PFM Empress Advantages Conservative cavity preparation Foundation restoration may not be necessary Less abrasive to occluding dentition No metal collar Disadvantages Expensive Technique sensitive

18 Cavity Preparation Design 1. Occlusal Depth/Cusp Reduction Occlusal Depth = 1.5 to 2.0 mm Cusp Reduction:Functional cusp = 1.5-2.0mm Nonfunction cusp = 1.5 mm 2. Internal/External Line Angles Rounded

19 Cavity Preparation Design 3. Draw Degree of draw = approximately 12 to 15 degree 4. Bevel No bevel

20 Mn first premolar- DO amalgam with fractured lingual cusp, deep pulpal floor Existing amalgam removed, making all walls divergent, smoothed all cavosurface margins

21 Mx first molar - MOD amalgam with deep pulpal floor (4mm) Existing amalgam removed

22 Proximal walls and gingival seats extended, occlusal wall divergent, clinical judgement was made to cover DL cusp (with shoulder) No cavosurface bevel on shoulder

23 MOB amalgam on Mx first molar with deep pulpal floor Existing amalgam removed, make all walls divergent and smoothed all cavosurface margins

24 Occl amalgam on Mn first molar, normal pulpal depth; patient complaining about pain on function- Dx: DB cusp fractured Patient’s occlusion

25 Existing amalgam removed, DB cusp reduced by 2mm, all walls divergent No shoulder on DB cusp - WHY???

26 MOD amalgam on Mn second molar with fractured Li cusp. Normal pulpal depth; all amaglam removed Proximal box divergent, Li cusp - smoothed cavosurface margin

27 MOD amalgam on Mn first molar - occlusal fractured Shade selection BEFORE rubber dam; need dentin shade (match shade at gingival third) and overall shade

28 Finished preparation; rubber dam removed; ready for impressioning; proximal box divergent, cusp reduction, buccal cusp with heavy bevel (no shoulder) Buccal view

29 Wax up on working cast Special die for shade matching/staining - reason for taking the dentin shade

30 Restoration on die/working cast

31 Trying in under rubber dam; adjust proximal contact; do not adjust occlusal contact

32 Cementation under rubber dam using resin cement; excess cement removed using cotton tip Excess resin cement removed from proximal/gingival margins using an explorer

33 Rubber dam removed following cementation Adjust occlusion using fine diamond in high speed hand piece

34 Laboratory Exercise - Mn first molar, MOD onlay preparation for porcelain

35 Finished Preparation - MOD porcelain onlay preparation

36 Restoration on die, back from laboratory

37 Restoration seated under rubber dam Bu view after cementation

38 Restoration on die, back from laboratory Restoration seated under rubber dam

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