Presentation on theme: "Margin (Finish line) placement"— Presentation transcript:
1Margin (Finish line) placement Finish line of the preparation is the end of tooth preparation.Finish LineStudies have supported the use of supra-gingival or equi-gingival finish lines rather than sub-gingival finish line whenever possible to ensure periodontal health
2Supra-gingival finish line v Sub-gingival finish lineHanaa I. Sallam
3Advantages of supra-gingival margins: Easily preparedNo soft tissue traumaEasy impressionEasy finishing, easy cleaningEasy evaluation of the preparation margins at the time of placement and at the call appointments
4Indications of subgingival margins Cervical caries , cervical erosions or restorations extending subgingivally.Proximal contact extended to the gingival crestAdditional retention and /or resistance is neededFor esthetics in anterior regionRoot sensitivityRasha Nabil Sami2-Apr-17
5Indications of subgingival margins 1-Cervical caries , erosion, abrasion or restoration.2-Apr-17Hanaa I. Sallam
6Proximal contacts extending to the gingival crest. 2-Apr-17Hanaa I. Sallam
7To increase the occluso-gingival dimension for better retention and resistance . 2-Apr-17Hanaa I. Sallam
8For esthetics in anterior region 2-Apr-17Hanaa I. Sallam
9Root sensitivity which cannot be controlled by more conservative procedures (such as application of dentin bonding agents).2-Apr-17Hanaa I. Sallam
10When a subgingival finish line is required, it has been suggested that extension to the epithelial attachment be avoided.The distance from the epithelial attachment to the crest of the alveolar bone has been described as the “Biologic Width”. It is normally about 2mm wide, including the epithelial attachment and the connective tissue attachment.If the margin of a restoration intrudes into this biologic width inflammation will result and osteoclastic activity is stimulated.
123- Margin AdaptationThe presence of marginal discrepancies in the restoration exposes the luting agent to the oral environmentThe longevity of tooth could be compromised not only by caries but also by periodontal disease.
13A well-designed preparation has a smooth and even margin. Clinically acceptable marginal gap values of cast restorations have been reported in the literature to be up to 50-70μmA well-designed preparation has a smooth and even margin.Rough, irregular, or "stepped" junctions greatly increase the length of the margin and substantially reduce the adaptation of the restoration2-Apr-17Hanaa I. Sallam
14A : Poor preparation design leading to increased margin length. C: rough, irregular margin will make the fabrication of an accurately fitted restoration almost impossible.
154- Margin Geometry:.The configuration of the preparation finish line dictates the shape and bulk of restorative material in the margin of the restoration. It also affects both: marginal adaptation and degree of seating of the restoration.
16Guidelines for establishing a good finish line 1. It should be easily prepared
172- It should be easily identified in both impression and die 3-It should not be overextended cervically
184- It should provide a definite edge to which the wax pattern could be easily adapted and finished
195- Should allow sufficient bulk of material to : Enable wax pattern handling without distortionProvide sufficient strength at the restoration marginsProvide enough bulk for porcelain (in PFM) to enhance good esthetic.
206- Allow conservation of tooth structure as possible. 7- Ideally whenever possible the margins should be placed in areas where the dentist can finish and inspect them and the patient can clean them.
221-Feather- edge Finish line It is mainly indicated for cast metal crowns .Advantages:Less destruction of tooth structure than is necessary for a shoulder or a chamferDose not leave a fragile lip of unsupported enameltooth
23Disadvantages:It is difficult to follow on both tooth and die (location of the margin is difficult to control )Thin margins are difficult to wax and cast , thus being thickened by technicians lead to over-contoured restoration .The margin is weaktooth
242- Chisel edge marginIt is mainly indicated for cast metal crowns . It is a variation of the feather edge finish line and its is formed when there is a large angle between the axial surfaces and the unprepared tooth structure.tooth
25Unfortunately, this margin is frequently associated with an excessively tapered preparation or one in which the axial reduction is not correctly aligned with the long axis of the tooth(tilted teeth)
263-Bevel Finish Line tooth This type is frequently indicated for cast metal restorations, specially if a ledge or shoulder already exists due to caries, cervical erosion or a previous restoration.Its shape forms an obtuse angle with the unprepared axial tooth surfacetooth
27Objectives of beveling : 1-Allows cast metal margin to be burnished against prepared tooth structure.2-Protect the unprepared tooth structure from chipping by removing the unsupported enamel.N.B. If no accessibility for burnishing, there is minimal advantage of this type of finish line
284-Chamfer Finish Line tooth ` It is mainly indicated for cast metal crowns .The instruments which made this FL. Is tapered stone with roundtip .The chamfer should never be prepared wider than half the tip of the diamond; otherwise, an unsupported lip of enamel could result.tooth
295- Shoulder Finish LineThis type of finish line is usually recommended for the all-ceramic crowns and the facial part of metal-ceramic crowns particularly when the porcelain margin technique is used.It is not used as a finishline for cast metal restorations.tooth
30Advantages :Provides space for proper porcelain bulk thus enhancing resistance to occlusal forces and minimizes stresses which might lead to porcelain fracture.Facilitates constructing healthy restorations of good contours and maximum estheticstooth
31Disadvantages:The preparation requires destruction of more tooth structure than any other finish line.Some claimed that its sharp 90ºdegree internal line angle would concentrate stress in the tooth and increases its liability to coronal fracture.tooth
326-Rounded ( modified) Shoulder Finish Line It is a modified formof shoulder finish linecharacterized by arounded internal angle(gingivo-axial).It is indicated forAll- ceramic crown preparationtooth
33Advantages: Less stress concentration Some claimed that its preparation is lessdestructive
347-Sloped Shoulder Finish Line It is a modification of the classic shoulder finish line being characterized by a 120º as an alternative to the 90º.It´s advantage reduce the possibility of leaving unsupported enamel and still leaving sufficient metal thickness to allow for its thinning to a knife edge for good adaptationtooth
358-Shoulder with Bevel Finish Line This type is recommended for the facial surface of a metal-ceramic restoration in those situations where gingival esthetics are not critical and a shoulder is already present either because of destruction by caries or the presence of previous restorationsThe beveling removes unsupported enamel and may allow finishing of the metal.tooth