1 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center NIDIS CRN Soil Moisture Workshop Oak Ridge, TN The NIDIS & The U.S. Drought Portal: An Overview www.drought.gov.
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Presentation on theme: "1 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center NIDIS CRN Soil Moisture Workshop Oak Ridge, TN The NIDIS & The U.S. Drought Portal: An Overview www.drought.gov."— Presentation transcript:
1 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center NIDIS CRN Soil Moisture Workshop Oak Ridge, TN The NIDIS & The U.S. Drought Portal: An Overview www.drought.gov Mike Brewer
2 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center Increased vulnerability Society is changing - increasing urbanization, aging populations, overdevelopment in coastal regions, and regions with limited water supply Societal Challenges and Climate
3 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center How We Handle Drought
4 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center NDMC and others How We Should Handle Drought
5 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center NIDIS Authority “(We) contend that we can reduce this nation’s vulnerability to the impacts of drought by making preparedness— especially drought planning, plan implementation, and proactive mitigation— the cornerstone of national drought policy..” — National Drought Policy Commission Report, May 2000 “NIDIS should improve and expand the compilation of reliable data on the various indicators of droughts, and it should integrate and interpret that data with easily accessible and understandable tools, which provide timely and useful information to decision-makers and the general public. Western Governors believe NOAA should be designated as the federal lead for NIDIS. — Western Governor’s Association Report, June 2004 “Characteristics of disaster-resilient communities: Relevant hazards are recognized and understood. Communities at risk know when a hazard event is imminent. Individuals at risk are safe from hazards in their homes and places of work. Communities experience minimum disruption … after a hazard event has passed.” — National Science and Technology Council, June 2005 “Near-term opportunities identify observing systems or integration of components that meet high priority societal needs, and make improvements to inadequate existing systems that can be completed within 5 years and have tangible, measurable results. Improved Observations for Disaster Warnings Global Land Observation System Sea Level Observation System National Integrated Drought Information System — U.S. Group on Earth Observations, September 2006 Air Quality Assessment and Forecast System Architecture and Data Management.” Congress States White House
6 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center NIDIS Authority The Commerce Under Secretary, through the National Weather Service and other appropriate weather and climate programs in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, shall establish a National Integrated Drought Information System The National Integrated Drought Information System shall: Provide an effective drought early warning system Coordinate, and integrate as practicable, Federal research in support of a drought early warning system Build upon existing forecasting and assessment programs and partnerships Washington Watch: NIDIS Cost per US Family $0.63 White House & Congress
7 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center NIDIS Authority US Group on Earth Observations, 2007 Near-Term Opportunities: –NIDIS US Drought Portal CRN Soil Moisture Sensors –Air Quality –Disaster Observations
8 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center Spot the Differences! NIDIS USGEO NIDIS
9 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center GEO: Group on Earth Observations –Intergovernmental group formed during the first Earth Observation Summit of July 31, 2003 –To develop a 10-year plan for implementing an integrated Earth Observation System –USGEO – implements U.S. component of GEO Framework for the system of systems –Adopted by ministers from 43 nations at Earth Observation Summit II in Tokyo in April 2004 GEOSS: Global Earth Observation System of Systems –10-Year Implementation Plan for GEOSS adopted by ~ 60 Nations at Earth Observations Summit III in Brussels in February 2005 Drought Early Warning System Laying The Groundwork
10 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center GEO mandate is to develop a system of systems from disparate and uncoordinated activities –Address critical global environmental issues such as drought A Drought Early Warning System requires a GEO commitment –Operational responsibilities –Research collaboration for developing new monitoring, analysis, and forecasting technologies Many nations have important components of a drought early warning system. No one nation has all the tools, products, and data to deliver the best system. Drought Early Warning System How GEO Can Aid This Effort
11 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center Preparedness: Historical information used to minimize drought related risk (examples) Allow planners and policy makers to develop optimal procedures and associated actions from drought impacts Response: Drought occurs somewhere on the planet every year & can persist for years. System will provide the quantitative information necessary for timely and measured response Mitigation: A myriad of problems stem from drought. (examples) Water supply, water quality, agriculture, energy production, fire, human health, etc. Information for planning mitigations supported by a comprehensive analysis of drought severity Recovery: Critical drought information Enables countries to access more comprehensive tools and observations for emergency managers and planners Water Supply and Energy Agriculture Fire Drought Early Warning System Benefits
12 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center May 31, 2007 draft 12 Description: An early warning of international drought conditions for water management, agriculture, human health, energy as related to drought preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery Importance: A system of systems will weave together current and future global drought related observations and data management systems: to take on the growing worldwide threat of drought for global data & information sharing, communication, & capacity building to mitigate annual losses due to drought estimated in the U.S. alone at $6-8 billion Why Now: IPCC projects increases in the frequency & intensity of drought due to climate change. Population pressures on existing water resources are expected to continue. Drought Early Warning System
13 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center May 31, 2007 draft 13 The U.S. proposes to lead the development of an International Drought Early Warning System that will: –present needed information for drought response, planning, mitigation, and recovery –support the capability to provide data and information required for local, national, and regional decisions on drought –aid local, national, and regional decisions regarding human and environmental health and welfare during drought North American Drought Monitor Concept to be expanded internationally Drought Early Warning System
14 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center NIDIS: An integrated, interagency national drought monitoring and forecasting system that provides: An early warning & forecast system for drought. Drought impact and causation education. Information for drought mitigation. An interactive, web-based drought portal. Improved observational capabilities. NIDIS Builds Upon Collaborative Successes! What is NIDIS?
15 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center How Can Drought Information Be Delivered Effectively? One-stop shop for up-to-date drought information. Predictive services for the wildland-urban interface. Better demand data. Data at the county level- Climate Divisions are not good enough. Reliant on data from multiple agencies in real time. Situational awareness Clearinghouse for information – don’t abandon links!
16 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center U.S. Drought Portal
17 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center U.S. Drought Portal – Partner Information OGC compliant Web Mapping Services for specific products. Customization based on a subset of full Map Viewer functionality
18 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center U.S. Drought Portal – Information Taking advantage of existing services including Google Gadgets. Customizable USDM statistics for various spatial and time scales.
19 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center U.S. Drought Portal – Navigation Persistent Navigation – No drop down menus Links to information Floating Column Width
20 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center U.S. Drought Portal – Map Viewer
21 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center U.S. Drought Portal – State Level
22 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center Immediate future development in the USDP will be aimed at: Spinning up regional pilot activities and regional depiction of drought Working with GEO to begin addressing global and international drought monitoring and forecasting USDP Moving Forward: Scales What tools are currently in place that we can leverage in the SE US and the upper Colorado Basin for purposes of mitigation of impacts and adaptation? Are tools applicable to local/regional level or are they transferable nationwide? Who are the key local/regional players? What else have we missed?
23 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center The USDP is looking for partners to contribute the following four types of information (in priority order): Web Mapping Services (WMS) that meet the standards of the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) 1.0 or higher. Drought-related maps and web sites that are regularly updated and can be rendered in a USDP portlet. Drought-related maps and web sites that are regularly updated and can be made available only as a stand- alone page. Non-regularly issued reports related to drought, of a non- time sensitive nature. USDP Moving Forward: Call for Content
24 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center NIDIS Pilots
25 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center Assessment study of monitoring gaps Gather and synthesize information from observation network operators like USGS, NRCS, NOAA, etc. Identify unmet needs for drought early warning Provide the basis for initiatives to strengthen and enhance monitoring in support of drought early warning Upper Colorado Pilot
27 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center NIDIS Desired Products From CRN Maps of soil moisture/temperature and anomalies Verification of existing soil moisture from models including LDAS Surface energy budgets Timing of spring runoff Merge with other SM/ST networks for a sub-national analysis USDA SCAN
28 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center Relevancy?
29 NOAA’s National Climatic Data Center Contact NIDIS.Questions@noaa.gov