Presentation on theme: "CPAS Workshop / Chapel Hill, North Carolina March 4, 2008 Mike Brewer 1, Tim Owen 2, Roger Pulwarty 3, and Mark Svoboda 4 1. NOAAs National Weather Service,"— Presentation transcript:
CPAS Workshop / Chapel Hill, North Carolina March 4, 2008 Mike Brewer 1, Tim Owen 2, Roger Pulwarty 3, and Mark Svoboda 4 1. NOAAs National Weather Service, Climate Services Division 2. NOAAs National Climatic Data Center 3. NOAAs Climate Program Office 4. National Drought Mitigation Center National Integrated Drought Information System: A Model for Interagency Climate Services Collaboration
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 2 CPAS Workshop So…What is Drought? Drought is a persistent and abnormal moisture deficiency having adverse impacts on vegetation, animals, or people. - National Drought Policy Commission Report, May 2000
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 3 CPAS Workshop National Integrated Drought Information System NIDIS: An integrated, interagency national drought monitoring and forecasting system that provides: An early warning & forecast system for drought. Drought impact and causation education. Information for drought mitigation. An interactive, web-based drought portal. Improved observational capabilities. What is NIDIS? A National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) NIDIS Builds Upon Collaborative Successes!
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 4 CPAS Workshop U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA): Agricultural Research Service, Cooperative State Research, Education, Farm Service Agency, Forest Service, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Risk Management Agency U.S. Department of Commerce (DoC): International Trade Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U.S. Department of Energy (DoE): Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Office of Science U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS): Federal Emergency Management (FEMA) Directorate U.S. Department of the Interior (DoI): Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, National Park Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of Transportation (DoT): Federal Aviation Administration, Federal Highway Administration, Surface Transportation Board Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Farm Credit Administration (FCA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Internal Revenue Services International Trade Commission (USITC) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Science Foundation (NSF) Small Business Administration (SBA) NIDIS Interagency Partners Federal Level
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 5 CPAS Workshop NIDIS Interagency Partners Regional, State, Tribal, and Local Levels Western Governors Association – a key sponsor of early NIDIS development efforts and ongoing concerns representing drought in the Western States; Western States Water Council – represents water managers in the Western United States; National Conference of State Legislatures – drought monitoring and mitigation activities will require state support, much of which require state legislative involvement National League of Cities – water availability and quality issues American Association of State Climatologists – an organization state-appointed individuals, many of whom are active participants in the Drought Monitor or serve on drought monitoring committees within their respective states. Most are housed at universities and also conduct applied climate research; National Drought Mitigation Center – A national clearinghouse for drought-related information, research, mitigation measures, and operational home of the Drought Monitor and operational home of the Drought Monitor and Drought Impact Reporter; Native American tribal governments – mostly located in arid regions in which water is a vital concern:
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 6 CPAS Workshop NIDIS Genesis Identifying the Need (We) contend that we can reduce this nations vulnerability to the impacts of drought by making preparedness especially drought planning, plan implementation, and proactive mitigation the cornerstone of national drought policy.. National Drought Policy Commission Report, May 2000 NIDIS should improve and expand the compilation of reliable data on the various indicators of droughts, and it should integrate and interpret that data with easily accessible and understandable tools, which provide timely and useful information to decision-makers and the general public. Western Governors believe NOAA should be designated as the federal lead for NIDIS. Western Governors Association Report, June 2004 Characteristics of disaster-resilient communities: Relevant hazards are recognized and understood. Communities at risk know when a hazard event is imminent. Individuals at risk are safe from hazards in their homes and places of work. Communities experience minimum disruption … after a hazard event has passed. National Science and Technology Council, June 2005 Near-term opportunities identify observing systems or integration of components that meet high priority societal needs, and make improvements to inadequate existing systems that can be completed within 5 years and have tangible, measurable results. Improved Observations for Disaster Warnings Global Land Observation System Sea Level Observation System National Integrated Drought Information System Air Quality Assessment and Forecast System Architecture and Data Management. U.S. Group on Earth Observations, September 2006 Early warning & forecast system EducationDrought portal MitigationObservational capability
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 7 CPAS Workshop NIDIS Genesis An Integrated Approach Matters! Spot the Differences!
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 8 CPAS Workshop NIDIS Vision and Implementation Plan A Pathway to Operationalization A dynamic and accessible drought risk information system that provides users with the ability to determine the potential impacts of drought, and the decision support tools needed to better prepare for and mitigate the effects of drought. The NIDIS Implementation Plan (June 2007) calls for the establishment of a U.S. Drought Portal (drought.gov) is a key component to realizing this vision.
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 9 CPAS Workshop NIDIS Implementation Plan Overview Provide pathways and support mechanisms to: 1.Develop leadership and partnerships to ensure successful implementation of an integrated national drought monitoring and forecasting system at federal, state, and local levels; 2.Foster, and support, a research environment that focuses on risk assessment, forecasting, and management; 3.Create a drought early warning system capable of providing accurate, timely, and integrated information on drought conditions and associated risks at relevant spatial scales to facilitate proactive decisions; 4.Provide interactive delivery systems including an internet portal, as part of the early warning information system, for easily comprehensible and standardized products; and 5.Provide a framework for increasing public awareness and educating those affected by drought on how and why droughts occur, and how they impact human and natural systems.
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 10 CPAS Workshop NIDIS – U.S. Drought Portal drought.gov: A Window on Drought Information Why a Portal? A Web site and services that improve the access, processing, and sharing of structured and unstructured information within and across a given enterprise through: Portlets - Components of a portal web site that provide aggregated, reusable access to specific information sources or applications (e.g., remote web services, search engines). Access is standardized and reusable (using APIs [application programming interfaces]). Web Services - Applications and utilities that allow data exchange in a highly interoperable, standardized language/vendor/platform-neutral manner. Crawlers and other content aggregation are supported. Communities - A virtual workspace of a portal for collaboration, communication, and information dissemination/collection. Communities contain portlets and projects. Projects - Workspaces within a community that involves subsets of Portal membership. Projects contain portlets and can be part of one or more communities, facilitating collaboration via overviews, discussions, and document/project management.
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 11 CPAS Workshop U.S. Drought Portal Home Page Showcase Portlets and Key Themes Showcase Portlets: 1.) U.S. Drought Monitor (NOAA, USDA, NDMC) 2.) Climate Prediction Center Seasonal Forecast (NOAA) 3.) Drought Impacts Reporter (NDMC) Key Themes 1.) Current Drought 2.) Forecasting 3.) Impacts 4.) Planning 5.) Education 6.) Research
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 12 CPAS Workshop Description: An early warning of international drought conditions for water management, agriculture, human health, energy as related to drought preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery Importance: A system of systems will weave together current and future global drought related observations and data management systems: to take on the growing worldwide threat of drought for global data & information sharing, communication, & capacity building to mitigate annual losses due to drought estimated in the U.S. alone at $6-8 billion Why Now: IPCC projects increases in the frequency & intensity of drought due to climate change. Population pressures on existing water resources are expected to continue. Many nations have important components of a drought early warning system. No one nation has all the tools, products, and data to deliver the best system. A Drought Early Warning System Achieving the NIDIS and USDP Vision for Global Applications
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 13 CPAS Workshop Drought Early Warning System Benefits Preparedness: Historical information used to minimize drought related risk (examples) Allow planners and policy makers to develop optimal procedures and associated actions from drought impacts Response: Drought occurs somewhere on the planet every year & can persist for years. System will provide the quantitative information necessary for timely and measured response Mitigation: A myriad of problems stem from drought. (examples) Water supply, water quality, agriculture, energy production, fire, human health, etc. Information for planning mitigations supported by a comprehensive analysis of drought severity Recovery: Critical drought information Enables countries to access more comprehensive tools and observations for emergency managers and planners Water Supply and Energy Agriculture Fire
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 14 CPAS Workshop Drought Early Warning System North American Drought Monitor expanded internationally The U.S. proposes the development of an International Drought Early Warning System that will: –present needed information for drought response, planning, mitigation, and recovery –support the capability to provide data and information required for local, national, and regional decisions on drought –aid local, national, and regional decisions regarding human and environmental health & welfare during drought –act as a data integrator to complement and support UN programs related to drought Examples: WMO/World Weather Watch, Famine Early Warning System, United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP), United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) North American Drought Monitor Concept to be expanded internationally
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 15 CPAS Workshop Looking Ahead NIDIS will continue to develop the portal and other technologies (e.g., touch table), and engage partners through regional pilots with the following objectives: –Support the capability to provide data and information required for local, national, and regional decisions on drought and other sectoral issues; –Act as a data integrator to complement and support sector-based issues (e.g., drought, water quality, carbon cycle, etc.); –Promote data standards (e.g., Service-Oriented Architecture) for linkage of agency data to user inputs; and –Contribute to enhanced data visualization tools that allow integration and interrogation of agency-provided and user-input spatial data.
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 16 CPAS Workshop Summary NIDIS U.S. Drought Portal Provides a Window for Interagency Data Collaboration and Dissemination The initial phase of the USDP is allowing drought experts and general users to answer key questions about drought on an end- to-end basis. A drought early warning system would enable GEO Nations to have more comprehensive and coordinated activities for: preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery from drought that affect such societal issues as water management, agriculture, human health, energy, and many others
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 17 CPAS Workshop Backup
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 18 CPAS Workshop NIDIS Implementation Plan Governance Structure
March 4, 2007 Chapel Hill, NC 19 CPAS Workshop NIDIS Implementation Plan Pilot Project Planning