Presentation on theme: "Focus On Grammar Book 2, 5 th edition Lesson 11: Adjective Clauses!!!!"— Presentation transcript:
Focus On Grammar Book 2, 5 th edition Lesson 11: Adjective Clauses!!!!
11.1 – Overview Although adjectives are before a noun, adjective clauses are after a noun. – The children in the class like the teacher from Japan. The children gave me presents. I observed the class. The teacher has a red car. I visited Japan in 2003. Relative Pronouns Who, That, Which, Where, When, WHOSE…
11.2 – Relative Pronoun as SUBJECT of the Rel. Clause Easy! Just replace the common word with the relative pronoun! You don’t have to move it to the front, because it’s already there! – The children in the class like the teacher from Japan. The children gave me presents. The class was in the gymnasium. The teacher has a red car. Japan is an island nation in Asia.
11.3 -Relative Pronoun as OBJECT of the Rel. Clause You need to move the Rel. Pro. Up to the front of the clause. – The children in the class like the teacher from Japan. We love the children’s books. I observed the class. The police are looking for the teacher. I visited Japan in 2003. The whole clause goes AFTER the common noun. This Relative pronoun can be deleted (but not whose, or where)
11.4 – Where & When For Times and Places, not People or Things The preposition leaves when the RP comes in. I really like the school. – My dad attended that school. – My dad studied at that school. She came home at a time. – The movie ended at that time.
11.5 – Formal & Informal If the common element is in a prepositional phrase within the Relative Clause, the Who or What has to move to the front of the RC. – FORMAL move the preposition with it, and use WHOM – INFORMAL leave the preposition at the end, and use WHO or WHOM Remember to move the RC to a point AFTER the common noun in the main clause.
11.6 – WHOSE Just like a question, but DO NOT move the helping verb (or use DO) – Move the possessed noun up front with WHOSE The student has been getting speeding tickets. – The student’s car is very fast. – I really like the student’s car.