9 Drug & Alcohol Testing Priority All medical and treatment considerations must be addressedAll safety considerations should be addressedThe site or scene must be securedNo further requirements from Law EnforcementNo further information immediately required from the operator
11 Slip & Fall? Was there a collision? Was the fall related to a maneuver?Was the maneuver consistent with the expected movements associated with the safe operation of the vehicle?Example: swerving to avoid a pedestrian who runs out into the road
12 Factors that do not trigger Post-Accident testing Dollar amount of damageDriver citationInsurance or Company requirement“Just to be safe”Reasonable Suspicion indicationsAt-fault/preventable
13 Steps In Ordering a Test Establish that at least one of the three criteria have been reachedEstablish possible contributors (operator, mechanic, etc.)Use event-specific facts to rule out all possible contributorsIf the performance of one or more SSE can not be discounted, order the test
14 Review (to this point) Criteria? Fatality, Disabling Damage, Injuries? Contributors? Safety-sensitive employee involvement?Clearances? Who can be reasonably ruled out?Clock? How long has it been since the accident?
15 Time Limitations on Post Accident Testing AlcoholClock starts at time of accidentDocument after 2 hoursCannot test after 8 hoursAlcohol test first12
16 Time Limitations on Post-Accident Testing (Cont.) DrugsTest should be performed as soon as possible, but no more than 32 hours following the accidentAfter 32 hours, a USDOT test will no longer be valid12
17 (See Post-Accident Form) Documentation(See Post-Accident Form)
21 Making the Call Use the best information available at the scene Order an FTA test, a transit authority test, or no testExamine and debrief with others afterwardsAs a supervisor, YOU are responsible for making the determination to test
22 Acceptance of Other Test Results In the rare event the employee cannot participate in the FTA collection process, following an accident, the employer may accept the results of a test performed by Federal, State, or local officials if results are releasedEmployer must document why DOT test was not performed within time period12
23 Employee MUST give consent Dead or unconscious employees may NOT be testedEvery test must include the employee signing the ATF/CCF*.Refusals must be recognized by the regulations (as listed)*Though an employee may refuse to sign the drug CCF, they must consent to testing by providing a urine sample to the collector. An employee may not refuse to sign the alcohol testing form (ATF).
24 Common Problems: Post-Accident Testing FTA thresholds not met, but test still doneDelayed, or even no testIll-defined policiesNo documented procedure for decision-makingPoorly trained company officialLack of company official empowermentTesting “Just to be safe”12