2 Exam Structure – Psychopathology – 24 marks SchizophreniaOne 24 mark essay question
3 Exam Structure – Psychology in Action – 24 marks MediaTwo 10 mark questionsOne 4 mark questionFirst question – Focusing on pos/neg effects of media/videogamesSecond question – Focusing on persuasiveness of media – i.e. modelsThird question – Theories/research on attraction of celebrities
4 Exam Structure – Research Methods – 35 marks Short answer questionsAnswer all of themSpend roughly 40 minutes on each section
5 Biological Explanations for schizophrenia GeneticsOutline of theoryOne adoption study and one twin studyEvaluative points – strengths and weaknesses related to researchDopamine hypothesisResearch evidenceEvaluative points - strengths and weaknesses related to research
6 Genetics - Adoption Studies Sorri et al (2004) performed a longitudinal study over 21 years on Finnish adoptees with biological mothers with schizophrenia comparing them to adoptees whose biological mothers didn’t have schizophrenia.Also considered family rearing styles among adoptive families.Adoptees with a high genetic risk of developing schizophrenia were more sensitive to non-healthy rearing parents.Adoptees whose biological mothers did not have schizophrenia.Environmental factors are important too.What model is this? Diathesis-Stress Model: Individuals are seen as inheriting different levels of genetic predisposition to developing schizophrenia, with ultimately environmental triggers determining if individuals go on to develop schizophrenia.Is there are way we can further gain marks using this study? Finnish adoptees – cannot be generalised / what criteria did they use to decide healthy vs. non-healthy rearing styles etc.
7 Evaluation of Biological Approach Humane approach; poses no blame on the individual or their families – states that the people who become ill are purely “unlucky”Tends to provoke little fear or stigmaEffective treatmentsWell established scientific treatmentsReductionist approach – Reference to Diathesis-Stress ModelAnimal studiesRelies on self reportTreats symptoms, not causes
8 Choose Two Psychological Explanations CognitiveBehaviouralPsychodynamicSocioculturalOutline the approach – then discuss research and strengths/limitations