Presentation on theme: "FIRE SAFETY & PREVENTION. Fire Facts In US over 5,000 people die in fires each year. Over two-thirds occur at home Most fires occur between 8 pm and 8."— Presentation transcript:
Fire Facts In US over 5,000 people die in fires each year. Over two-thirds occur at home Most fires occur between 8 pm and 8 am Many times, severe injuries or even death are due to SMOKE, not the fire.
What is Fire? Three elements are needed to create a fire: HEAT OXYGEN FUEL
Common Causes Spontaneous Ignition – slow buildup of heat in piles of trash and oily rags. Electrical Equipment – light or breaker switches; light bulbs or wiring overheat; faulty wiring Chemicals – gasoline or alcohol Smoking – carelessness with cigarette butts; playing with matches; smoking in bed, etc. Poor Housekeeping – not using smoke detector; faulty smoke detector; trash storage; dust around electrical equipment, etc.
Emergency Evacuation Procedure R Rescue A Alarm C Contain/Confine/Control E Evacuate/Extinguish
When to Extinguish a Fire All people are evacuated Call 911 Fire small enough to be contained by the available extinguisher Correct extinguisher available Escape route nearby and secure Only extinguish if all 5 conditions are met!!!
Which Extinguisher to Use A - Water Based paper, cloth, wood, rubber B - Carbon Dioxide flammable liquids C - Halon or Carbon Dioxide live electrical equipment Dry Chemicals All types of fires
How to Operate P Pull pin A Aim at the base of the fire S Squeeze handle S Sweep from side to side
Alternative Methods to Control Fires Grease or oil burning in a pan... Burning small appliance……. Fire on another person…………. Fire on yourself…. Smother fire with lid Turn off electricity, throw baking soda on fire Roll person on ground Stop, drop and roll on ground