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1 SAFETY BEING SAFE IN THE WORKPLACE (Back Safety, Fire Safety & Texas Hazard Communication Act). Developed by Bill Lynn 10/2014.

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Presentation on theme: "1 SAFETY BEING SAFE IN THE WORKPLACE (Back Safety, Fire Safety & Texas Hazard Communication Act). Developed by Bill Lynn 10/2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 SAFETY BEING SAFE IN THE WORKPLACE (Back Safety, Fire Safety & Texas Hazard Communication Act). Developed by Bill Lynn 10/2014

2 2 WATCH YOUR BACK!!  OSHA- BACK INJURIES #1 WORKPLACE SAFETY PROBLEM  EXPENSIVE TO DIAGNOSE & TREAT  VERY PAINFUL  LONG TERM OR LIFETIME DISABILITY

3 3 WORKPLACE REASONS FOR BACK INJURIES  IMPACT TRAUMA  REPETITIVE TRAUMA  INCORRECT LIFTING

4 4 IMPACT TRAUMA  VEHICLE ACCIDENT (WHIPLASH, BACK PAIN)  FALLS  SLIPS OR TRIPS

5 5 REPETATIVE TRAUMA  REPEATED AWKWARD POSITION  LIFTING INCORRECTLY IF THESE ARE DONE OVER A PERIOD OF TIME THEY CAN CAUSE WHAT ARE KNOWN AS CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS (CTDs)

6 6 SAFETY IN LIFTING  EASIER AND SAFER TO PUSH THAN TO PULL!!  STAY CLOSE TO LOAD  TRY NOT TO BEND OVER  KEEP BACK STRAIGHT OR SLIGHTLY ARCHED

7 7 GET HELP!!!!  IF YOU’RE STRAINING (GET HELP!)  WEAR A BELT OR BACK SUPPORT CAUTION: WEARING A BELT OR BACK SUPPORT DOES NOT PREVENT A BACK INJURY!!!

8 8 Assess Each Situation PLAN AHEAD: Knowing what you're doing and where you're going will prevent you from making awkward movements while holding something heavy. 1. How far will you have to carry the load? 2. Is the way clear of clutter, cords, slippery areas, overhangs, stairs, curbs, or uneven surfaces? 3. Will there be doors that are closed? Ask someone to hold a door open or place a wedge under the door to hold it open. 4. Once you get the load up, will you be able to see over the load, or will the load block your view?

9 9 Safe Lifting

10 10 FACTORS LEADING TO INJURY  UNCOORDINATED LIFTS  LIFTING WHEN FATIGUED  LIFTING W/STAFF WHO ARE DIFFERENT IN HEIGHT & WEIGHT  SLIPS, TRIPS, FALLS  LIFTING W/ STAFF JUST RECOVERING FROM BACK INJURY  FAILURE TO USE AVAILABLE MECHANICAL DEVICES  UNDER OR NON- TRAINED STAFF

11 11 Physical Condition Your overall physical condition can affect your back. If your back muscles are weak then your back must work harder. Making your back work harder can lead to back pain.

12 12 REMEMBER!!  NEVER BEND YOUR BACK TO PICK SOMETHING UP  HOLD OBJECT CLOSE TO YOUR BODY  DON’T TWIST OR BEND  KEEP LOAD BELOW EYE LEVEL  ALWAYS USE LEGS, NOT BACK MUSCLES  TEST WEIGHT OF THE OBJECT

13 13 FIRE SAFETY & PREVENTION  5,000 US CITIZENS DIE IN FIRE EACH YEAR  80% OF FIRES OCCUR AT HOME  MOST FIRES OCCUR BETWEEN 8PM & 8AM  MANY TIMES DEATH & INJURY IS DUE TO SMOKE, NOT THE FIRE

14 14 COMMON CAUSES  SPONTANEOUS IGNITION  ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT  CHEMICALS  SMOKING  POOR HOUSEKEEPING

15 15 ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR FIRE  HEAT  OXYGEN  FUEL

16 16 EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURE R RESCUE A ALARM C CONTAIN/CONFINE/CONTROL E EVACUATE/EXTINGUISH

17 17 EXTINGUISH A FIRE  AFTER ALL PEOPLE ARE EVACUATED  AFTER 911 HAS BEEN CALLED  IF THE FIRE IS SMALL ENOUGH TO BE CONTAINED  IF THE CORRECT EXTINGUISHER IS AVAILABLE  IF THE ESCAPE ROUTE IS NEARBY AND SECURE ONLY EXSTINGUISH IF ALL 5 CONDITIONS ARE MET!!!

18 18 DIFFERENT EXSTINGUISHERS FOR DIFFERENT TYPES OF FIRES  A- WATER BASED (ORDINARY COMBUSTABLES)  B- CARBON DIOXIDE (FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS)  C- CARBON DIOXIDE (ELECTRICAL)  DRY CHEMICALS (ALL TYPES OF FIRES)

19 19 CORRECT FIRE EXTINGUISHER OPERATION P PULL PIN A AIM AT THE BASE OF THE FIRE S SQUEEZE HANDLE S SWEEP SIDE TO SIDE

20 20 ALTERNATIVE FIRE EXTINGUISHING METHODS 1) GREASE, OIL BURNING IN PAN 2) BURNING SMALL APPLIANCE 3) FIRE ON ANOTHER PERSON 4) FIRE ON YOURSELF 1) SMOTHER FIRE W/ LID 2) TURN ELECTRICITY OFF, BAKING SODA 3) ROLL PERSON ON GROUND 4) STOP, DROP AND ROLL

21 21 TEXAS HAZARD COMMUNICATIONS ACT  Also called THE RIGHT TO KNOW ACT  PURPOSE: To provide access to important health information for both employer and employee. It requires manufacturers to provide MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET (MSDS) for every substance or chemical which is hazardous.

22 22 Hazardous Chemicals Substances The manufacturer of the chemical or product is responsible for assessing two kinds of hazards associated with chemicals. They are: ◊ Physical hazards: those that explode, react to other chemicals, or are flammable. ◊ Health Hazards: have an irritation affect on eyes, skin, lungs, nose, throat, or body organs.

23 23 PHYSICAL HAZARDS  Physical hazards are those substances which threaten your physical safety. The most common types of physical hazards are: Fire Explosion Chemical Reactivity

24 24 FIRE SYMBOL Whenever you work with a material that uses the fire symbol, be sure to read the warning label and the MSDS for safe handling procedures. With flammables and combustibles, do not expose these materials to sparks, flames or other heat sources. You must also not smoke or light a match or flame near them.

25 25 FLAMABLE LIQUID  Gasoline is to be used only for fueling internal combustion engines. Any other use is strictly prohibited.  Gasoline is to be transported only in approved safety cans. Safety cans containing flammable liquids may not be transported in the passenger compartment, trunk, or closed cargo compartment of any vehicle.

26 26 HEALTH HAZARDS Health Hazards are those that cause irritation effects on eyes, skin, lungs, nose, throat, or body organs.

27 27 Inhalation  Inhalation is the most common route of exposure for most health hazards. This includes breathing in dust, fumes, oil mist, and vapors from solvents and various gases. Inhalation

28 28 Skin Contact  Some chemicals are absorbed into the body through skin contact. If a chemical is readily absorbed into the skin, then the notation "skin" will appear along with the occupational exposure limits on the MSDS. skin contact  Corrosive chemicals can cause burns and tissue destruction. Extra care must be taken to prevent skin and eye contact with these chemicals.  This is why wearing aprons, gloves, eye protection, and other protective clothing is important when working with some chemicals.

29 29 Ingestion  It is possible to accidentally eat chemicals that are health hazards.  To insure that you do not accidentally eat any of the chemicals you work with: 1. Never eat foods in areas where chemicals are used. 2.Never smoke in areas were chemicals are used. 3.Wash your hands and face with soap and water after working with chemicals before you eat, drink, or smoke.

30 30 Cleaning Supplies  Must be kept in the original container  Are to be kept locked and separate from food items  Must Never be mixed with one another

31 31 Spills & First Aid  Clean all spills properly and promptly  Apply first aid for poisoning if ingested or on skin

32 32 BE SAFE!!  Be aware of your surroundings (avoid slips, trips and falls)  Follow the procedures for fire safety  Lift all objects and people appropriately  Never mix cleaning supplies  Keep hazardous chemicals locked up  Keep consumers and yourself safe SAFETY FIRST !!


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