6 3. Describe how gases and particles in the atmosphere interact with light rays. Nitrogen, oxygen, and ozone in the upper atmosphere absorbs most short wavelength radiationCO2 and water vapor absorb infrared radiation in the lower atmosphere.About 50% of visible light reaches Earth’s surface. Clouds, particulates and gases scatter and reflect much of the light.
8 4. Describe how visible light and infrared energy warm Earth. Infrared and visible light that reach Earth’s surface are absorbed. Heated surfaces radiate heat back into the air where greenhouse gases absorb some of the heat.
11 5. Explain how variations in intensity of sunlight can cause temperature differences on Earth’s surface.Concentrated sunlight at the equator makes the surface hotter and at higher latitudes where sunlight is spread over a larger area the surface is cooler.
12 6. Summarize the processes of conduction and convection. Conduction: transfer of heat energy by direct contactConvection: transfer of heat energy by movement of a heated substance
17 9. You decide not to be outside during the hottest hours of a summer day. When will the hottest hours probably be? How do you know?The hottest hours will probably be in the late afternoon when Earth’s surface has had time to absorb and reradiate energy. This is also when convection reaches its peak.
18 “You should have seen the one that got away” The End???“You should have seen the one that got away”
19 10. Use the following terms to create a concept map 10. Use the following terms to create a concept map. Electromagnetic waves, infrared waves, greenhouse effect, ultraviolet waves, visible light, scattering, and absorption.