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E-TIC.net Linking people to technology Agriculture, husbandry and fishing New technologies & citizen engagement: Practices and impacts from country cases.

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Presentation on theme: "E-TIC.net Linking people to technology Agriculture, husbandry and fishing New technologies & citizen engagement: Practices and impacts from country cases."— Presentation transcript:

1 E-TIC.net Linking people to technology Agriculture, husbandry and fishing New technologies & citizen engagement: Practices and impacts from country cases WSIS Follow-up Viola Krebs, Executive Director of ICVolunteers ITU, 13 May 2010 Involve. Develop. Volunteer.

2 About ICV Objective of E-TIC.net Context Needs Tools

3 About ICV International Non-Profit Organization working in communications: Information and Communication Technologies Culture and Languages Conference Support Linking Knowledge with needs Volunteer Network of volunteers from 180 countries: people

4 About ICV: Projects since creation Offices & Representations Projects implemented since creation

5 E-TIC.net: Objective Citizen participation and inclusion of farmers, herders and fishermen for them to be able to better sell their products Mali and Senegal In particular Sahel Region

6 Mali / Senegal: Situation Farmers Herders Fishermen essential pillar of African nations

7 Senegal Literacy rate: 41-46% (total), male: 53.5%, female: 39.6% (2007) Zones in Senegal Guédé-Chantier : rice, onions, tomatoes, vegetables Mbam : peanuts, shrimps Meckhe : husbandry products, peanuts

8 Mali Literacy rate: 46.4% (total), male: 53.5%, female: 39.6% (2003 est.) Zones pilotes au Mali Tombouctou : animals, fishing and rice Ségou : different types of cereals, rice, millet, husbandry products, fish Sikasso : ignames, mangos, patateos, fruits, husbandry products, cotton

9 E-TIC.net: Partners Local: Primatures, Ministères de lAgriculture, de la Jeunesse et des Sports, des Nouvelles Technologies de lInformation et de la Communication (NTIC), National Civic Service of Senegal (SCN), presse écrite, radios communautaires, télévisions nationales, organisations dagriculteurs, Eco-Village Network of Senegal, CRESP/EREV/GENSEN, Communauté Oulad Nagim, Eco-Commune de Guédé-Chantier, Conjedev, Youth and ICT_Mali, Société Nationale d'Aménagement et d'Exploitation des Terres du Delta du Fleuve Sénégal (SAED), Association des Municipalités du Mali (AMM), Manobi International: Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF), Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)

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15 zones

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17 Mali / Senegal: Situation Many of them: Are illiterate Do not speak French (but Pulaar, Wolof, Serere, Bambara, Tamasheq, Songhay, Hassaniya, etc.) Live in areas where electricity is not available Have never touched a computer

18 Mali / Senegal: Situation However, they: Know the issues related to agriculture, husbandry and fishing Can greatly benefit from the information available: To better sell their products To improve farming practices To build a sustainable society (limiting pesticides and too much fertilizer, etc.)

19 Mali / Senegal: Situation Information available

20 Computers

21 Availability of the Internet PaysAbonnés (000s) Abonnés par 100 hab. Utilisateurs (000s) Utilisateurs par 100 hab. Mali Sénégal ' Afrique du Sud3' ' Espagne9' ' France18' ' Etats-Unis72' ' Suisse2' ' Monde528' '587' Source: ITUITU

22 Radio

23 Mobile

24 Mobile phones Estimated population of Senegal: 13,7 million inhabitants (2009) 5,4 million mobile phones (2008), meaning that 2.5 people have a mobile phone 42.2% of the population is aged under 15 years, the ratio for people older than 15 is almost double Estimated population for Mali: 13,4 million (2009) 3,4 million mobile phones (2008), meaning With 48.3% of the population younger than 15 years, the ratio of people over 15 having a mobile phone is amost double

25 E-TIC.net: Means Collect data: Animating the Internet platform management tool for the understanding of the needs of farmers, herders and fishermen, as well as researchers Dialogue and assess needs: through questionnaire and direct interviews determine expectations and understand the needs Provide Training: Provide training for connectors (volunteers, community radio journalists, women) at the of the day to train trainers, with multiplier effect

26 E-TIC.net: Means Research & Document: Present problems of farmers, fishermen and herders so that they are better understood by policy makers and the general public Information dissemination: To provide information needed for community journalists so they can produce radio programs for farmers, herders and fishermen To work with SMS distribution services (Manobi)

27 questionnaire N = 100

28 results of study Specific needs and issues identified: Availability of water / pollution Extreme weather Animal Diseases Plant parasites High prices of basic commodities Sales products Bank loans Marketing of products Locusts and other disasters

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30 Websites Mobile phones SMS Talking functions Community Radio Toolbox Telecentre Written Press

31 Improve situation of farmers Given the infrastructure and context a joint package of: Information hubs Adapted and meaningful use of mobile technology Community Radios

32 Improve situation of farmers Given the infrastructure and context a joint package of: Political will and improving government services Mobile technology solutions and pricing of them – to make them available to people Linking field with university work Capacity building

33 Issues at hand Citizen engagement and participation, bottom up Have people help themselves Ownership Contents

34 Senegal Farmers, herders and fishermen represent an important part of the population Many of them are illiterate Many of them do not speak French

35 More Info


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