Presentation on theme: "HOW I LEARNED TO STOP WORRYING AND LOVE THE BOMB (AND THE ARMS RACE, AND THE ALLIANCE SYSTEM) ACTUALLY, YOU SHOULD JUST CALL THESE NOTES “THE ARMS RACE.”"— Presentation transcript:
HOW I LEARNED TO STOP WORRYING AND LOVE THE BOMB (AND THE ARMS RACE, AND THE ALLIANCE SYSTEM) ACTUALLY, YOU SHOULD JUST CALL THESE NOTES “THE ARMS RACE.” SORRY.
NATO AND THE WARSAW PACT For “The North Atlantic Treaty” (p. 58) or “The Warsaw Pact” (p. 59): 1. What kinds of countries are signing this pact? 2. What do these countries say their purpose is? 3. What are these countries promising to each other?
THE ALLIANCE SYSTEM NATO Formed 1949 Alliance of capitalist, democratic countries “An attack on one of us is an attack on all of us” The Warsaw Pact Formed 1955 Alliance of communist countries “An attack on one of us is an attack on all of us”
IN YOUR NOTEBOOK Do you think the alliance system made the world more or less safe? Why?
NUCLEAR WEAPONS Highly explosive devices developed during WWII US dropped first nuclear weapons on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 USSR tested first nuclear weapon on August 29, 1949
THE ARMS RACE Date: roughly 1945-1990 Definition: competition between the US and the USSR to develop greater military capacity Significance Required huge military expenses Made the world more dangerous… or did it?
CIVIL DEFENSE Civil defense shelters Preparedness efforts Education efforts – Bert the TurtleBert the Turtle
SO WHY AREN’T WE ALL DEAD? Key concept of the Cold War: mutual assured destruction (MAD) Principles of MAD: Each side maintains enough offensive capacity to annihilate the other side Huge arms stockpiles are a deterrent – they discourage offensive attacks