Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14: China Section 1: China Reunifies"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 14: China Section 1: China Reunifies Section 2:Tang and Song AchievementsSection 3: Confucianism and GovernmentSection 4: The Yuan and Ming DynastiesPage:
2 Section 1 China Reunifies Period of Disunion- time of disorder in China after the Han collapsed ( ).Culture blending took place during this time, changing Chinese culture.
3 Sui Dynasty (SWAY)Yang Jian (YANG jee-en) created the Sui Dynasty and reunifies China, ending the Period of Disunion.The Sui Dynasty did not last long ( ).Sui AchievementsRestored order to ChinaBegan the Grand Canal, which linked northern and southern China
4 The Tang Dynasty China’s Golden Age Ruled nearly 300 YearsChina grew its territory under the Tang3 Great Tang RulersTaizong (TY-tzoong)Xuangzong (shoo-an-tzoong)Empress Wu
7 After the Tang China went into another brief period of disorder. This time was known as the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms.Disorder lasted 53 Years ( )
8 The Song Dynasty Great Accomplishments Song reunified China again.Ruled for 300 Years, like the TangBuddhism grew in China and became very important to the culture during the Period of Disunion.The Golden Age of Buddhism ( )Tang emperor launched a campaign against Buddhism weakening the religion, but not bringing it to an end.
10 Section 2 Tang and Song Achievements Tang DynastySong DynastyTrade and Religious Capital/Largest City=Chang’an (chahng-AHN).The Grand Canal that linked major cities, was improvedFamous poet was Li BoMagnetic CompassExportsTea, rice, spices, jade, porcelain, SILKImportsDifferent foods, plants, wool, glass, gold, silverIrrigation TechniquesUnderground wellsDragon backbone pumpFast Ripening RiceCottonTeaPlentiful amount of Food=Agricultural SurplusChina became the largest country in the world (100 million people)Capital City-Kaifeng (KY-fuhng)Li Qingzhao (ching-ZHOW)=China’s greatest female poet
13 Read Linking to Today Page 419 What are some advantages of paper money?
14 Section 3 Confucianism and Government Confucianism-dominate and official philosophy in ChinaFocus: Ethics, education and proper behavior based on your role in society.Neo-Confucianism-”new” was like the old philosophy, but also emphasized spiritual matters.In the Song, a bureaucracy was formed through passing the civil service examinations. The people who passed these exams were known as scholar-officials.
15 Section 4 The Yuan and Ming Dynasties Yuan DynastyThe Mongols take over China under Temujin or Genghis Khan (Universal Ruler)Genghis Khan united the Mongols and created a powerful army.The Mongols conquered lands all over Asia and Eastern Europe.Kublai Khan was 2nd ruler of the Mongols (grandson of Genghis) started the Yuan Dynasty and declared himself Emperor of ChinaThe Chinese resented being ruled by foreigners whose culture was very different from theirs.Kublai allowed Chinese to keep their own traditions, welcomed foreign traders, but kept Confucian scholars from gaining too much power in the governmentPart of what we know about the Yuan Dynasty comes from Marco Polo’s writings
17 End of The Yuan Greedy for land, the Mongols decided to invade Japan. The campaigns were disastrous. Violent storms and fierce defenders destroyed most of the Mongol army.Weakened Army, economy, and Chinese resentment helped Zhu Yuanzhang (JOO-yoo-ahn-JAHNG) lead a successful revolt against the Mongols, ending the Yuan Dynasty.
18 Ming Dynasty Chinese Rule Zhu Yuanzhang became emperor of China and this began the Brilliant Ming Dynasty.This was considered the most stable and prosperous time in Chinese History.Funded Great Sea VoyagesZheng HeForbidden City was build in BeijingRestored the Great Wall of ChinaThe Ming Emperors worked to rid any foreign influence in China.In fact a new Ming Emperor made Zheng He return to China and China entered a Period of Isolationism.China suffered due to its isolationism: lack of progress while the Western World made leaps in technology and other areas. When Westerns marched into Chinese affairs, China was too weak to stop them.