Presentation on theme: "Fables, Tall Tales, Fairy Tales, Myths, and Legends"— Presentation transcript:
1 Fables, Tall Tales, Fairy Tales, Myths, and Legends
2 FablesDefinition: A brief story that sets forth some pointed statement of truthOrigin: Found in almost every countryHanded down from generation to generation as oral literatureContent: Usually contains incidents that relate to the unusual, sometimes supernaturalContains a moralCharacters: often animals or plants given human qualities, but people and supernatural figures may appearStructure: lacks development of charactersExamples: Aesop’s fables, The Tortoise and the Hare
3 Tall TaleDefinition: story with unbelievable elements, related as if it were true and factualOrigin: American folk literatureOral tradition and contestsContent: Based on hard-working peopleBragging and exaggeration – HYPERBOLEHumorous or wittySeemingly impossible featsCharacters: people, fictional charactersTold to make the narrator seems as if he/she was part of the storyExamples: Paul Bunyan, Davy Crockett, Johnny Appleseed
4 Fairy Tales and Folk Tales Definition: fictional story that may feature folkloric characters and enchantmentsOrigin: almost all culturesOral tradition and then written and recordedContent: Associated with childrenCharacters: fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, giants, gnomes, talking animals, princes, princesses, witches, wicked stepmothers, fairy godmothers, etc.Structure: Contains elements of plotExamples: Cinderella, Snow White, Sleeping Beauty, etc.
5 MythsDefinition: a sacred narrative explaining how the world and humankind came to be in their present formOrigin: Almost all culturesPassed through oral traditionContent: Closely linked to religion and the explaining of why something is; establishes models for behaviorCharacters: Gods or supernatural heroesStructure: Elements of plot, personificationExamples: Greek mythology, Roman mythology
6 LegendsDefinition: a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale truthOrigin: found in almost all culturesPassed on through oral traditionContent: occurrence of miraclesCharacters: real people going through imaginary eventsStructure: Includes element of plotExamples: Beowulf, Robin Hood