Presentation on theme: "Intellectual Development"— Presentation transcript:
1Intellectual Development The Theories ofJean Piaget
2Four Stages of Development PiagetFour Stages of Development1. Sensorimotor Birth- 2 years2. Preoperational years3. Concrete Operations years4. Formal Operations adultSilly Preschoolers Come to Fremd
3Sensorimotor Stage 1st stage of mental development Infants use their senses and motor skills to learn and communicateLearning during this period is extremely important- can be the basis for all future mental development! (INFANT SCIENTIST)Piaget divided this stage into 6 substages…
4Sensorimotor Stage Substage One: Birth to 1 month Practices reflexes- sucking, grasping, cryingEgocentric- infants do not understand themselves as a separate person-- the world revolves around me!!!
5Sensorimotor Stage Substage Two: 1 to 4 months Combine two or more reflexes- Example: May wave their fists and bring it to their mouths at the same timeRepeat these new combinations often
6Sensorimotor Stage Substage Three: 4 to 8 months Begin to control their mental world by making connections between what they do and what happens- Example: touch mobile in crib and make it moveIntentionally repeat enjoyable activities
7Sensorimotor Stage Substage Four: 8 to 12 months Piaget believed by age one, babies apply learnings to solve problems- Example: may squeeze, hit, or shake an object to see what it will doStart imitating others- important way to learn!
8Sensorimotor Stage Substage Four Cont’d: Learn to follow objects with their eyesLove to play peek-a-boo!!
9Sensorimotor Stage Substage Four Cont’d: Begin to understand Object Permanence- objects continue to exist, even when out of sight--infants are able to find partially hidden objects
10Sensorimotor Stage Substage Five: 12- 18 months Infants discover new ways to solve problems-Example: may push away box to find a toy behind itCan find totally hidden object
11Sensorimotor Stage Substage Six: 18 months- 2 years The beginning of thought processesToddlers start to think about what they’re going to do before they do itTrial and error exploration- if I do this, what will happen??
12Preoperational This is the 2nd major stage of development Children begin to do some mental thinking rather than solving all problems through physical skillsOccurs during the preschool yearsAges 2-7
13PreoperationalBelieves that there are 11 basic concepts that children must master in order to move on to the next stageConservation, classification, sequencing, reversibility, cause & effect, recall, time, representation, number, spatial relations, and language
14Preoperational Two sub-stages of preoperational: Preconceptual: children form a mental image of what they see around them many of these are incomplete or illogicalEX: All collies are the dog “Lassie”Intuitive: children are sometimes able to grasp a problem’s solution by how they feel about itEX: If they are on the stairs and higher than a parent, they will still feel that they are a small person and not really “taller” than the parent
15Preoperational Still EGOCENTRIC a belief a person has that everyone thinks in the same way and has the same ideas as he or she does
16Preoperational Symbolic play is important in this stage of development pretend playobjects stand for something elsechange things from the real world or dreams
17PreoperationalMental images are symbols of objects and past experiences that are stored in their mind.Can picture the following in their heads:CatThunderstormFlowerSchool
18Preoperational Logical thinking concepts: Concepts that are not directly experienced through the senses but are developed through thought.These require the thinker to see a relationship between things
19PreoperationalLanguage development is extremely important in this stage:Articulation (making the sounds in language)Vocabulary (estimations below)900 words at age 31,500 words at age 42,000 words at age 5Grammar matures a great deal between ages 3-5 years old